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Chapter 1 Nursing Foundations. Nursing in Islam: Nursing in Qur'an and Sunnah. “ heal the breasts of believers ” وَيَشْفِ صُدُورَ قَوْمٍ مُؤْمِنِينَ Tawba -14 “ and a healing for the diseases in your hearts ” وَشِفَاءٌ لِمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ Yonos – 57

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Nursing in Islam:
  • Nursing in Qur'an and Sunnah.
    • “ heal the breasts of believers ” وَيَشْفِ صُدُورَ قَوْمٍ مُؤْمِنِينَTawba -14
    • “ and a healing for the diseases in your hearts ” وَشِفَاءٌ لِمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ Yonos – 57
    • “ we send down stag by stage in the Qur'an and that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe” Israa – 82 وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآَنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ“
    • “and when I am ill, it is He who curs me ” وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِShoaara – 80
And there are many statements of our prophet. Muhammad (PBUH) related to this subject example:
    • Our God create treatment for every disease some people know it and some of them don’t.
    • Seek for treatment and medical help.
    • Moslem women and nursing in Islam.
    • The first nurse in Islam (world).
      • Rufida as the first nurse in Islam,
nursing in palestine
Nursing In Palestine:
  • Turkish era ( 1517 – 1917).
  • British mandating (1921 -1948).
  • Jordanian and Egyptian control (1948 – 1967) :
    • West bank :
      • August Victoria nursing school, saint john, saint Luke's .
    • Gaza strip:
      • Christian missionary school, shifa, and Baptist school .
Israeli occupation:
    • Caritas nursing school, Makassed Islamic .
    • Charitable hospital, Ibin-sina,al Itehad, Bethlehem university nursing college, and, Qualified school of nursing
  • Palestinian national authority:
    • Falooja college of nursing, Military nursing school, Nursing college at IUG, Palestine college of nursing, Department of nursing at CCAST and al-Azhar university and others.
nursing origins
Nursing Origins
  • Youngest profession but oldest art
  • During the Middle Ages in Europe
  • Schism between King Henry VIII and the Catholic Church
the nightingale reformation
The Nightingale Reformation
  • The Crimean War
  • Nightingale’s contributions
    • Training people for future work.
    • Selecting those with upstanding character.
    • Improving sanitary conditions for sick and injured.
    • Reducing death rate of British soldiers.
    • Providing classroom assistance and clinical teaching.
    • Advocating nursing education should be lifelong
  • Is the following statement true or false?

Florence Nightingale advocated that nursing education should be lifelong.



Florence Nightingale advocated that nursing education should be lifelong because of technological advances, to demonstrate competence and ensure the public’s confidence, and to practice according to current nursing standards.

contemporary nursing
Contemporary Nursing
  • Combining nursing art with science
    • Art: "Ability to perform an act skillfully ".
    • Science:" Body knowledge unique to particular subject".
  • Integrating the nursing theory
    • Nursing theories and application
contemporary nursing cont d
Contemporary Nursing (cont’d)
  • Defining nursing
    • Florence Nightingale

"Putting The Individuals In The Best Possible Condition For Nature To Restore And Preserve Health ".

    • Virginia Henderson
    • American Nurses Association
Factors that influence choice of nursing program :
    • Career goals
    • Geographic location of schools
    • Costs involved
    • Length of program
    • Reputation and success of graduate
    • Flexibility of course scheduling
the educational ladder
The Educational Ladder
  • practical or vocational nursing.
  • Registered nursing.
  • Graduate nursing programs.
  • Continuing education.
the educational ladder cont d
The Educational Ladder (cont’d)
  • Registered nurse (cont’d)
    • Baccalaureate program
      • Greatest flexibility in qualifying for nursing positions
      • Preferred in areas requiring substantial independent decision making
the educational ladder cont d1
The Educational Ladder (cont’d)
  • Graduate nursing program
    • Master’s-prepared nurses: clinical specialist, nurse practitioner, administrator, educator
    • Doctoral degree: conduct research; advise, administer, and instruct nurses pursuing graduate and undergraduate degrees
the educational program cont d
The Educational Program (cont’d)
  • Continuing education
    • Planned learning experience beyond the basic nursing program
    • Rationale for acquiring continuing education
unique nursing skills
Unique Nursing Skills
  • Assessment skills
  • Acts that involve collecting data
      • Interviewing, observing, examining client and family; reviewing client’s medical record; obtaining facts from other health care workers
unique nursing skills cont d
Unique Nursing Skills (cont’d)
  • Caring skills
    • Nursing intervention that restore or maintain a person's health.
      • Assisting with ADLs
      • Safe care of clients who require invasive or highly technical equipment
      • Helping client become self-reliant
unique nursing skills cont d1
Unique Nursing Skills (cont’d)
  • Counseling skills
    • Communicating with client
    • Actively listening
    • Offering pertinent health teaching
    • Providing emotional support
    • Using therapeutic communication techniques
    • Clarify client’s perspective
    • Teach clients: promote healing processes, staying well, preventing illness, and carrying out ADLs
unique nursing skills cont d2
Unique Nursing Skills (cont’d)

Counseling skills (cont’d)

  • Empathy: "Intuitive awareness of what the patient is experiencing".
  • Sympathy:" Feeling as emotionally distraught as the patient".
  • Comforting skills
    • Interventions Provide stability and security during a health-related crisis
unique nursing skills cont d3
Unique Nursing Skills (cont’d)
  • Comforting skills
    • Interventions Provide stability and security during a health-related crisis .