child language acquisition n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Child Language Acquisition PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Child Language Acquisition

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Child Language Acquisition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 151 Views
  • Uploaded on

Child Language Acquisition. Phonological Development. Phonological development …. This lecture deals with how children develop the ability to use and understand the sounds of language. The first year ….

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Child Language Acquisition' - mateja


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
child language acquisition

Child Language Acquisition

Phonological Development

phonological development
Phonological development …
  • This lecture deals with how children develop the ability to use and understand the sounds of language.
the first year
The first year …
  • The phonological development that occurs during the first year of a child’s life was outlined last week:
  • Crying
  • Cooing
  • Babbling
  • Phonemic expansion and contraction
be careful
Be careful …
  • Be careful not to make sweeping generalisations when talking about later phonological development.
  • Order in which vowels and consonants are acquired varies from child to child.
  • Sometimes children appear to have mastered a sound in one word, but then not in another.
general trends
General trends …
  • Age 2 ½ : all vowels and 2/3 of consonants mastered.
  • Age 4: difficulty with only a few consonants.
  • Age 6-7: confident use.
general trends1
General trends …
  • Consonants are first used correctly at the beginnings of words.
  • Consonants at the end of words present more difficulty.
  • Example: ‘push’ versus ‘rip’
general trends2
General trends …
  • Frequency: generally, sounds which occur frequently in a large number of words will be acquired before sounds that occur less frequently.
making words easier phonemic simplification
Making words easier (phonemic simplification) …
  • Deletion
  • Final consonants may be dropped.
  • Unstressed syllables are often deleted.
  • Consonant clusters are reduced.
making words easier phonemic simplification1
Making words easier (phonemic simplification) …
  • Substitution
  • Easier sounds are substituted for harder ones:
  • ‘r’ becomes ‘w’
  • ‘th’ becomes ‘d’, ‘n’ or ‘f’
  • ‘t’ becomes ‘d’
  • ‘p’ becomes ‘b’
understanding
Understanding …
  • Remember: last week we learned that comprehension is often ahead of speech (e.g. first words).
  • The same can be true in phonological development.
berko and brown 1960
Berko and Brown (1960) …
  • Child: fis
  • Adult: This if your fis?
  • Child: No-my fis.
  • Adult: Oh, this is your fish.
  • Child: Yes, my fis.
berko and brown 19601
Berko and Brown (1960) …
  • Child with indistinguishable pronunciation of:
  • mouse/mouth
  • cart/card
  • jug/duck
  • Could point to corresponding pictures in a comprehension task.
intonation
Intonation …
  • As a child grows older, a wider range of meanings is expressed through intonation.
  • Example: two-word stage:
  • ‘my car’ versus ‘MY car’
intonation1
Intonation …
  • Although intonation patterns can be reproduced from an early stage, understanding of their meaning is still developing into the teenage years.
cruttenden 1974
Cruttenden (1974) …
  • Football results.
  • Intonation used in first team’s score enabled adults to accurately predict home win, away win or draw.
  • Children (aged 7-11): youngest were largely unsuccessful and oldest were significantly less successful than adults.
new vocabulary
New vocabulary …
  • Phonemic simplification
  • Deletion
  • Substitution