Kelly Sheckler EPA- Region 3 Mid-Atlantic Regional Air Management Association June 15, 2006
What is the Mid-Atlantic Diesel Collaborative? • Partnership between leaders from federal, state, and local government, the private sector, and environmental groups • District of Columbia • Delaware • Maryland • New Jersey • North Carolina • Pennsylvania • Virginia • West Virginia Winners in Pennsylvania’s Clean School Bus Art Contest
Missionand Purpose • Mission of the Mid-Atlantic Diesel Collaborative: • Reduce diesel emissions to protect public health throughout the Mid-Atlantic Region. • Region 3 has identified our urban areas as priority targets for diesel emissions reductions. • EPA’s own analyses and other risk assessment activities have pointed to diesel exhaust as a major risk contributor affecting our densely populated neighborhoods – places where our most vulnerable and sensitive populations often reside in great numbers. • Similarly, many of our urban areas suffer from unacceptable levels of particulate matter and ozone.
Freight • -Trucks and rail travel over 200 billion vehicle miles per year in the U.S., using about 35 billion gallons of fuel. • -The number of commercial trucks increased 37% between 1980 and 2003. • -An idling truck burns nearly one gallon of diesel fuel per hour. • -Within the Mid-Atlantic region, over 102,467,000 tons of goods were shipped by freight trucks in 2002—the goods shipped totaled a value of over $55 billion! • -Heavy duty diesel trucks account for 5% of the 23 billion total vehicle miles traveled in the Baltimore area alone! • -Of all modes of freight transportation, trucking is by the leader in energy consumption, accounting for about 70% of the fuel used.
Ports • -Region 3 has some of the busiest ports in the U.S., including Baltimore, Philadelphia, Norfolk and Wilmington, DE • -Waterborne freight is expected to double by 2020. • -Nearly 80% of freight tons in U.S. foreign trade are transported by ship. • -Over 2 billion gallons of diesel fuel were consumed by vehicles shipping freight in and out of ports.
School Bus • Of the 25 million children that ride a school bus every day in the U.S., almost 2.6 million of those children go to school here in Region 3 • -Almost 11% of all school buses in the U.S. operate for school districts in the Region 3 states • -Over $5 Million has been or will be spent in the next year to reduce diesel emissions from school buses—and that’s just in the Mid-Atlantic region • -Over 300 million Vehicles Miles were traveled in one year by school buses in Pennsylvania alone
Construction • There are approximately 1.8 million pieces of construction equipment being used in the U.S. • -A typical bulldozer engine emits as much particulate matter pollution as over 500 cars. • -Construction equipment can last 25 to 30 years, reducing the turnaround to newer, cleaner equipment.
Urban Fleets • The Mid-Atlantic region includes 10 of the top 100 largest urbanized areas in the U.S., hosting municipal fleets for approximately 60,000 vehicles. • Urban fleets is Diversified: Waste Haulers, Fire Engines, Ambulances, Snow Removal Trucks, Transit and Para-transit Buses and Rail, Tourist Buses, Package/Delivery Trucks and more.
Mission andPurpose • Purpose • Leverage resources and expertise to reduce diesel emissions to improve public health • Promote collaboration and coordination among projects within the Region. • Raise awareness of activities underway and the need for additional diesel emission reduction projects in the Region.
Partnership,Identity and Outreach • The Mid-Atlantic Diesel Collaborative has • Formed working partnership between MARAMA and EPA Region III • Stakeholders working to identify sector based stratgies and action plans • Education workshops • Outreach & recruitment to identify sustainable financial opportuntieis and partnership building
Highlights of Regional Efforts to Date Approximately 6,000 engines have been impacted through various strategies… Idle reduction – 5 projects Alternative fuels – 13 projects affecting approxmiately 1,000 vehicles Retrofits – 65 projects ~ 3,000 engines Policies- in all states Approximately, 1200 tons per year of HC, 2100 tons per year of CO and 300 tons per year of PM2.5 has been reduced
Partnership,Identity and Outreach Structure • Steering Committee • Sector Forums • Identify and seek funding for potential diesel emission reduction projects and share information on emission reduction technologies and funding • Freight • Ports • Urban Fleets • Construction • School Bus
Freight Strategy • Short Haul Trucks • APUs- revolving loan programs ** • Reefer Unit Hybrids ** • Intermodal-transfer cargo from truck to rail/barge – coordinate with Ports Group • Reduce idle at Freight hubs • I-95 Corridor Coalition
School Bus Strategy • Idle Reduction Campaign to School Districts—bring in partners with training and materials for other to use • Develop classroom curriculum on diesel reduction initiatives • Lessons Learned Approach-get facts and figures from already participating school districts and make a case for why retrofitting is good and how is may save a school district money. Get some statistics for the region.
Ports STrategy • Many of the large ports in our Region are in close proximity to our city neighborhoods—places where our most vulnerable and sensitive populations often reside in great numbers. • The Ports stratgy is focused on reducing emissions by reducing the idling and queuing of trucks, especially drayage vehicles. • One of the goals of the sector is to work on gathering better emissions inventory data from the many ports in the Mid-Atlantic region.
Ports Strategy • Reducing idling, queuing at gates • Drayage trucks • Dredging • Tugs and other marine (non marine vessels)
Urban Fleets Strategy • Potential Short-term Project Ideas: • Work with Tour Buses (via American Bus Assoc.) on anti-idling policies and practice • Evaluate Toronto program (Repair the air) as model incentive program http://www.repairourair.org • Explore/evaluate possibility of a “smartway” like program from buses and transit • Use MDE’s program for wastehaulers as a model, explore a project that can be replicated in other urban areas. • Potential Long-term Project Ideas: • Tax incentive programs for retrofits • Considering other kinds of fleets • Conducting outreach to other associations
Construction Strategy • Expedition of Verification Process (EPA – HQ) • Technology Demonstration Projects (FuelTex, Emissions Advantage, Inc.) • Cement trucks- explore idling times/demo project • Highway Construction Retrofits-meet with MPO’s to explore opportunties to work on certain large construction projects, i.e., ICC • SIP/Conformity Credit Project- construction retrofit
Past Funding • 2005 National Clean Diesel Campaign Grants • $7.5 M for Clean School Bus. • 37 grants awarded nationally • 6 in Region 3 • $1.1 for ports & construction. • 10 grants awarded nationally • 1 Port project in Philadelphia awarded • 2005 SmartWay Transportation • $5 M for idle reduction demonstration projects. • 5 grants awarded nationally • 1 in PA awarded • FY06 budget • $5 Million for National Clean Diesel Campaign • $7 Million for Clean School Bus grants • Funding will be distributed through EPA’s Regional Clean Diesel Collaborative network • FY07 budget • President requested $50 million to support clean diesel activity
Future Funding • Authorized Funding – Energy Bill Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) • $1Billion over 5 years • Expect to fund 150-200 projects • 70% of the funds to be distributed by EPA in National Grants and Loans • 20% of the funds to establish State grant/loan programs • An optional 10% of the funds can be used to increase state allocations for states that match federal funds Fleet Modernization • $100 M over 3 years (focus on ports) Clean School Bus • $110 M over 2 years with more funds thru FY2010 • Expect to fund 40 - 75 projects Idle Reduction • $140M over 3 years for idle reduction
Future Funding • Transportation Bill - • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) • Priority for diesel retrofits in construction • In partnership with DOT, EPA must provide guidance to states on effectiveness of technologies and strategies • $1.4 billion per year for 6 years
Future Activities • Emissions Calculation Workshop • Joint NE/MADC collaboaritve Funding Workshop • Steering committee Meeting • Construction Workshop • Outreach Campaign
Cleaner Air A Healthier Environment Reduced Diesel Emissions…