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Ohioans Views of Energy and Household Responses to Increased Energy Costs. Presentation to SL Peak Oil/Global Warming Group Jeff S. Sharp & Lazarus Adua Ohio State University December 14, 2006. Survey Project is a core Project of the SRI. Goals of Survey Project.

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ohioans views of energy and household responses to increased energy costs

Ohioans Views of Energy and Household Responses to Increased Energy Costs

Presentation to SL Peak Oil/Global Warming Group

Jeff S. Sharp & Lazarus Adua

Ohio State University

December 14, 2006

goals of survey project
Goals of Survey Project
  • Study topical and emergent FAE issues
    • Local Foods, Farmland Preservation & Land-use, Food Safety, Animal Welfare
  • Data for planning and evaluation
  • Track changes across time
    • Cohort effects: older versus younger generations
    • Intervening events, such as Mad cow; energy, etc.
    • Changes in knowledge, awareness or behavior due to an educational campaign, societal trend, etc.
outline of presentation
Outline of Presentation
  • Describe Ohioans views of Energy circa Spring 2006
  • Quick examination of Ohioans views of “ecological crisis”
  • Identify household adjustments to energy costs
    • Consider adjustments by key demographics (place of residence, class, and debt)
  • Thoughts on next steps
2006 survey
2006 Survey
  • Mail survey returned from 1,729 Ohioans
  • Response rate of 55%
    • Respondents compare favorably to known characteristics of Ohio population
      • A higher proportion of respondents were homeowners than is true of Ohio’s general population
views of peak oil
Views of “Peak Oil”
  • There are sufficient oil and natural gas supplies around the world to meet U.S. needs for the foreseeable future
    • 38% agree or strongly agree
    • 22% neutral
    • 40% disagree or strongly disagree
views of peak oil cont
Views of “Peak Oil”(cont.)
  • The era of abundant and cheap fossil fuels is coming to an end
    • 45% agree or strongly agree
    • 37% neutral
    • 18% disagree or strongly disagree
gas prices
Gas Prices
  • In a couple years, the cost of gasoline will probably be about the same or even less that it is today
    • 17% agree or strongly agree
    • 13% neutral
    • 70% Disagree or strongly disagree
solutions
Solutions
  • Even if oil and natural gas supplies do decline, new technologies and alternative energy sources will ensure Americans maintain their current standard of living
    • 41% agree or strongly agree
    • 34% neutral
    • 25% disagree or strongly disagree
solutions cont
Solutions (cont.)
  • More should be done to develop alternative fuels, such as ethanol or biodiesel, derived from Ohio grown crops
    • 87% agree or strongly agree
    • 11% neutral
    • 2% disagree or strongly disagree
solutions cont1
Solutions (cont.)
  • The environment should be protected, even if this means some energy supplies are not available for use
    • 60% agree or strongly agree
    • 26% neutral
    • 14% disagree or strongly disagree
solutions cont2
Solutions (cont.)
  • More should be done to encourage energy conservation
    • 84% agree or strongly agree
    • 13% neutral
    • 3% disagree or strongly disagree
  • Americans must change their consumptive lifestyles to avoid the onset of an energy “crisis” in the U.S.
    • 70% agree or strongly agree
    • 18% neutral
    • 12% disagree or strongly disagree
willingness to see reduction in material quality of life
Willingness to see Reduction in Material Quality of Life
  • What, if any, decrease in your quality of life would you accept to assure a fair distribution of energy resources throughout the world
    • 24% no reduction
    • 70% modest reduction
    • 6% substantial reduction
ecological crisis1
“Ecological Crisis”
  • The so-called “ecological crisis” facing humankind has been greatly exaggerated
    • 22% agree or strongly agree
    • 39% neutral
    • 39% disagree or strongly disagree
ecological crisis cont
“Ecological crisis” (cont.)
  • The balance of nature is strong enough to cope with the impacts of modern industrial nations
    • 18% agree or strongly agree
    • 36% neutral
    • 46% disagree or strongly disagree
  • Human ingenuity will insure that we do NOT make the earth unlivable
    • 36% agree or strongly agree
    • 38% neutral
    • 26% disagree or strongly disagree
energy costs cutbacks hardship

Energy Costs, Cutbacks & Hardship

As reported Spring 2006

observations
Observations
  • There is a significant social justice/hardship dimension to new energy era
    • Short, medium, and long-term impacts
  • Income and debt are key factors
    • Spatial dimension may also be important to monitor
  • Cutbacks are one adaptation; conservation behaviors & improvements are another
    • Anticipated class dimension to this, may further exacerbate social problems
next steps for research group
Next Steps for Research Group
  • Forthcoming report/academic manuscripts
  • Development of Lazarus's dissertation, possibly around the theme of Energy
  • 2008—Questions about conservation behaviors & reduced cutbacks/hardship analysis
  • Maintain core focus on local food systems and agriculture at the rural-urban interface
questions

Questions?

Contact Information:

Jeff S. Sharp

sharp.123@osu.edu

614-292-9410

http//.ohiosurvey.osu.edu