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Linking renewable energy to Rural Development in Mid-Sweden • Hans Halvarsson, County Administration, Jämtland • Lars Gunnar Rönnqvist, County Administration, Västernorrland
Production Capacity - renewables • Hydro power 5 500 MW, 25 TWh/year • Wind power 136 MW • Bio energy 2 450 MW, 12 TWh/year • Basic culture and competence to manage resource and energy flows
Forests in Mid-SwedenThe forest is our most important natural resource and the Forest Sector is very important for Mid-Sweden • Total area 71 000 km2 • Forests 40 000 km2, 56% 3 300 kWh
BIOMASS from forests • Now: • An important and fast growing source for the production of pellets, heat, electricity and bio-fuels. Wood, bark, sawdust, branches and limbs are great sources. • Rapid global market expansion benefits the environment and local economies. • Needed: • More effective transports and logistics. • R&D for effective production of energy from different fractions – ex. distributed torrification terminals • Stimulate increased research and trade in bioenergy technologies, machinery techniques and transport systems.
Biorefineries • – innovation perspectives in times of • structural changes in pulp & paper industry, • growing potentials for residual energy flows in forest-based processing plants • The Biorefinery of the Future • ProcessumBiorefinery Initiative AB, Örnsköldsvik • A cluster in biorefinery matters, and a technology park (ethanol pilot, etc,) started 2003 • – focus: Bio and energy technology, inorganic and organic chemistry • Forest Innovation Arena • Number One Forest Industry Network • Åkroken Science Park, Sundsvall • Process industry cluster with technology park and world-leading R&D in mechanic cellulose pulping (Fibre Science and Communication Network, FSCN, Mid Sweden University) • Pilot Park Norrland • BioFuel Region, • Formation of a biorefinery hub in northern Sweden for new • product & energy solutions based on forest raw material
Now – in Mid Sweden • – ProcessumR&D projects for specific needs: • Green chemicals/products • Green fuels (’second generation’ of bio fuels) • New energy solutions • New raw material solutions • – Åkroken Science Park/FSCN • R&D projects: Energy efficiency improvements in mechanic pulp mills; design of new fibre-based materials • R&D projects: Biomass through thermo-chemical gasification for liquid fuels (mechanical pulp mill applic.) • Improving energy efficiency in wood chipping processes • Investments for converting process industry heating systems from oil to bio fuels (pellets, saw dust) • Qualified for application final in Vinnova’s VINNVÄXT competition 2013 • – Pilot Park Norrland • Forest Refine project - efficient raw material supply to bio refineries in the Bothnian Gulf Region (B-A)
Future regional challenges • Support of product development and prototyping (p&p mills bio refinery strategies) • Strengthen the kitten in and between the networks to encourage more efficient innovation • Innovation focus on residual energy flows • Preplanning for demo-plans full-scale plants • Highlight the need for long term rules & regulations for sustainable demand and use of biofuels • Support Forest Innovation Arena to be a VINNVÄXT-winner (important for the hub strategy)
Biogas • Now: • Pulp mill anaerobbiopurification – 120 GWh/year • Small scale plants on farms for heat and electricity production. • Bigger biogas production from waste deposits. • Projecting of a large plant to produce biogas as fuel. • Needed: • Investment in biogas combines – regional or local – producingvehiclefuel • An infrastructure for biogas supply • Furtherdevelopmentofsmallscale biogas-plants
Wind power - a possibillity • >3 000 wind power plants in progress • 1000 plants equals a 35 billon investment • 6000 jobs for planning and building • 350 jobs for running and maintenance
Areas of national interest of wind power 38% in Jämtland 5 800 new windmills Conflicts in the mountain areas
Strategies for supporting this • The Regional Development Strategy for the Counties • The Regional Growth Program for the Counties • Rural development program 2014-2020 • Regional program ERDF in Mid-Sweden 2014-2020 • Interreg Sweden-Norway • Interreg Botnia Atlantica • ”The Nordic Periphery” or the Arctic program 2014-2020 • The Baltic Sea-program