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% Positive Cells. 703 genes (3.3%). deconvolute. 264 genes (1.3%). High-Throughput Bioscience Center (HTBC). High-Throughput Screens. HTBC Mission & History. High-Content Imaging.

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high throughput bioscience center htbc

% Positive Cells

703 genes (3.3%)


264 genes (1.3%)

High-Throughput Bioscience Center (HTBC)

High-Throughput Screens

HTBC Mission & History

High-Content Imaging

  • Mission: Provide researchers at Stanford and nearby institutions with the ability to run high-throughput chemical, siRNA, cDNA, and high-content screens for the purpose of drug and/or target discovery.
    • Created:September, 2003 by Prof. James K. Chen, Department of Chemical & Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine.
    • Summary: Research approaches that were previously done exclusively in industry are now being used in academia to advance basic research. This high-throughput screening (HTS) laboratory allows Stanford researchers and others to discover novel modulators of targets that otherwise would not be practical in industry. The center incorporates instrumentation, databases, compound libraries, and personnel whose previous sole domains were in industry.
  • Funding provided by:
    • Dept. of CASB (formerly Mol. Pharm.), Sept 2003
    • NIH Shared Instrumentation Grant, April 2004
    • Generous private Donations, Aug 2005 and Dec 2005
    • Stanford Comprehensive Cancer Center (SCCC)
    • Digestive Disease Center (DDC)
    • User Fees-for running screens and using instrumentation
  • Funding Opportunities:
    • NIH Roadmap Assay Development (R21) (PAR-08-024)
    • Development of Assays for HTS (R01) (PA-07-320)
    • HTBC can provide letter of support/resources and grant consulting
  • Staff:
    • Director-David E. Solow-Cordero, PhD
    • Manage Day-to-Day operations, databases, servers, assay development, robot programing, screen project management, major purchases
    • Research Assistant-Jason Wu
    • Tissue culture, molecular biology, run screens, equipment maintenance, high-content imaging, lab manager

ImageXpress Micro (Molecular Devices)

  • ● Fully automated Inverted Epi-Fluorescent Digital Microscope capable of imaging 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96-, and 384-well plates
  • ● Nikon 4x, 10x, 20x, and 40x Objectives, Xenon Lamp/filter based.
  • ● Live Cell Imaging via environmental chamber with CO2, humidity and temperature-control.
  • ● 24/7 Access to Facility. Full backups of images and data.
  • ● Easy to get started - training only takes 15-30min.
  • ● Complete spectral range with 15 Top-of-the-Line SEMROCK filter set combinations allowing use of nearly every available fluorophore and up to 4 colors per sample.
  • ● MetaXpress software (based on industry-standard MetaMorph) provides pre-programmed digital analysis modules for Angiogenesis tube formation, Cell health, Cell scoring, Count nuclei, Granularity, Live/Dead scoring, Mitotic Index, Neurite outgrowth, Transfluor® , Translocation, and assembly into movies.
  • ● Dedicated High-speed Laser Auto-Focus allows the acquisition of an entire 96-well plate in under 5 minutes (1 color/1 site/well) and up to 5000 images in under 2 hours (384-well plate/4 colors/3 sites) with 100 nm accuracy.
  • The HTBC provideds researchers with access to rapidly test thousands of molecules in various bioassays.
  • Small Molecule Compound library--130,000 diverse compounds (ChemDiv, Chembridge, Specs, Lopac, ChemDiv Kinase, ChemRX, NCI DTP)
    • Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs)--21,000 genes, siARRAY whole human genome siRNA library from ThermoFisher Scientific (formerly Dharmacon)
    • cDNAs—12,000 genes,E. coli stocks Human ORFeome in Gateway vectors from Open Biosystems
  • High-Throughput Assays are performed in 384-well plates.
    • In vitro targets--Enzymes, Protein-protein interactions, Ligand-receptor binding, Protein-DNA binding
    • In vivo cell based-spectrophotometric--Signal transduction events-Ca++, cAMP, reporter gene, proliferation, toxicity
    • High-Content Imaging--Mitosis, protein translocation, cellular morphology, apoptosis
    • Fully automated and integrated CaliperLS Staccato System:
  • Featuring:
    • CaliperLS SciClone ALH 3000 pipetting workstation
    • Zymark Twister II robotic arm with stackers
    • Robotic 198 plate CO2 Incubator
    • Bio-tek EL405x plate washer
    • Titertek Multidrop reagent dispenser
    • Bar Code reader
    • Molecular Devices AnalystGT multimode microplate reader
  • The Sciclone robot can accommodate either 96- or 384-tip manifolds, enabling it to rapidly pipet volumes to 96-, 384-, and 1536-well microplates. It also has a Z8 module that contains eight independent syringe-based pipets, allowing liquid transfers to other formats (e.g. 6-well plates or racks of tubes) from either microplates or tubes. The main pipetting head includes a gripper tool that permits the movement of microplates and disposable tip boxes from any of the 20 deck positions. With this configuration, the Sciclone can add reagents to any microplate format, complete microplate replications and dilutions, and perform “hit picking” tasks (the transfer of a single sample from any position in a microplate or rack of tubes to any other microplate or tube). In addition, the Sciclone pipetting head has the ability to pick up disposable tips in any format (i.e. a subset of the tips in a 96- or 384-tip box), which allows the use of multiple tips for rapid serial dilutions. A V&P Scientific 384 Pin Tool that is capable of 100 nL transfers is utilized for compound addition to assay plates.
  • The Twister II robotic arm is integrated to the Sciclone ALH3000. The Twister II is equipped with six 40-microplate stackers and is capable of shuttling microplates to and from the Sciclone deck. The twister integrates a Titertek Multidrop reagent dispenser and an Bio-Tek ELx405 platewasher with the Sciclone permitting the unattended, seamless completion of complex experimental protocols, maximizing the efficiency of this liquid-handling system. Cell-based assays are further supported by the addition of a carbon dioxide incubator to the Sciclone pipetting deck. This modification enables the automated shuttling of microplates between a cell culture-compatible environment, the Sciclone deck, the Multidrop dispenser, and the ELx405 microplate washer, making it possible to automate an entire cell-based assay. Finally, the twister robot is integrated to a Molecular Devices Analyst GT multimode plate reader. This allows for full automation of most assays.
  • siRNA Screening at the HTBC
  • The HTBC has the siARRAY whole Human Genome siRNA library from ThermoFisher (formerly Dharmacon)
    • 80 gene targets per plate
      • 4 siRNA oligos per gene--pooled in each well
      • 267 X 96 well plates targeting 21,122 genes
    • Library subdivided in:
      • 10 Kinase (779 genes, can be tested separately)
      • 7 GPCR (517 genes)
      • 76 Druggable genome (6022 genes)
      • 174 Rest of genome including XMs (13,804 genes)
    • All individual siRNA oligos available for retests of hits (deconvolution of individual siRNAs)
      • 4 individual oligos per gene
  • High-Throughput siRNA assays performed in 96- or 384-well plates (384-well preferred)
  • Results from 1st siRNA screen on DNA Repair .
  • Velocity11 Robotic Systemused for siRNA Reverse Transfections
  • VPrep liquid handler with 96 disposable tip pipettor (1-200 mL)
  • PlateLoc—automated thermal plate-sealer
  • BenchCel Stacker-automated tip changing, rapid plate replications, rapid siRNA transfections







Facility Director: David E. Solow-Cordero, Ph.D.

Faculty Director: James K. Chen, Ph.D.

Screens and Data Analysis

Other Liquid Handling

  • HTS Throughput:
  • Compound screening:
      • Enzyme/protein/invitro assays: up to 100,000 wells a week.
  • Compound or siRNA screening:
      • Cell based assays: 75,000 assays a week.
      • High Content Assays: 40,000 assays a week
  • Assays:
  • Developed to be robust, inexpensive and simple perform.
  • Reproducible, low CVs, good signal to noise, Z’ > 0.5
  • Good secondary assays for hit specificity and selectivity
  • Selected Completed Screens:
    • Cancer Cells synthetic lethal compound screens
    • Protein trafficking compound modulator screens
    • Irestatin compound modulator screen
    • Hedgehog pathway compound modulator screen
    • Kinase compound inhibitor screen
    • Enzyme activation compound screens
    • Ion-channel modulator screens (low-throughput)
    • DNA repair siRNA screen
  • Data Analysis:
  • Hardware:
    • 2 Dell Poweredge2650 servers with external RAIDS and automated autoloader tape backup (LTO-2)
  • Databases:
    • ImageXpress Micro images (2.5 MB each, average 20,000 images a day)
    • ORACLE10g Database 3.2 TB RAID5 drive storage (2-3 months of images)
    • HTS Data: ORACLE9i (273 GB RAID5 drive)
  • High-Content data analysis:
    • Molecular Devices MetaXpress
    • Molecular Devices Metamorph
    • MatLab
  • HTS Data Analysis (for both compound and siRNA screens):
    • MDL ISIS (ChembioAE): Structure viewing
    • MDL Plate Manager: Compound and siRNA plate database
    • MDL Assay Explorer: HT data analysis and storage
    • MDL Report Manager/ISIS for Excel: HT data reporting tool
  • Matrix WellMate Reagent Dispenser with Stackers
  • For 96- or 384-well plates, 1-1000 uL dispensing of reagents or cells
  • Integrated 50 plate Stacker, Programmable dispensing (by columns)
  • Qiagen Biorobot 3000
  • Automated RNA/DNA minipreps--2 X 96-well plates in 45 minutes
  • 4 Liquid level sensing tips, Volume 20-1000 uL
    • Can also act as reagent dispensers for up to 8 different buffers
  • Other automated molecular biology protocols: Sequence clean up,
    • Pooling of samples, Reformating of samples, tubes to microplates or vice versa formatting
  • Bio-tek EL405x Plate Washer with Stackers:
  • For 96 or 384-well plate media exchanges or fixing and staining washes.
  • More Info: htbc.stanford.edu,
  • CCSR-0133, David E. Solow-Cordero, Ph.D Director, HTBC, desolow@stanford.edu

Plate Readers

  • Molecular Devices AnalystGT
  • Multimode Plate Reader
      • Fluorescence Intensity, Fluorescence Polarization, Luminescence-no injectors, Absorbance-UV/Vis, Time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET), including HTRF
    • 20 or 40 plate stackers
    • Extremely fast
    • 96/364/1536 well plates
    • Filter based-top or bottom reads
    • Flash and Continuous Lamps
    • Integrated via Twister to allow fully automated screening
    • Berthold LB96V Luminometer
      • Dual Injectors for 96-well plates
        • 384-well plate reading capability
  • Molecular Devices Flexstation II 384
  • Fluorescence Plate Reader
    • Dual-Monochromometer based
    • Can read 6, 24, 96, 384-well plates
    • Top or bottom reading capability
    • Internal 8 or 16 tip pipettor for measuring kinetic changes
  • Assays:
    • Migration Fluoroblock assays
    • Standard fluorescent assays
    • Enzyme assays-rapid kinetics
    • GPCRs
    • Ca++ Flux (FLIPR assays)
    • Ion channels
    • Membrane potential