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Chicken Pox. Dana Willard. Chicken Pox also known as VARICELLA Common Signs: Itchy Rash Red Spots or Blisters. the culprit. CAUSED BY Varicella-Zoster Virus symptoms and signs usually don’t show up for 2-3 days extremely contagious

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chicken pox

Chicken Pox

Dana Willard

slide2
Chicken Pox also known as VARICELLA

Common Signs:

      • Itchy Rash
      • Red Spots or Blisters
slide3

the culprit

CAUSED BY Varicella-Zoster Virus

  • symptoms and signs usually don’t show up for 2-3 days
  • extremely contagious
    • sneezing, coughing, sharing foods or drinks, touching fluid from blister can spread virus
    • person spreads virus without knowing
    • usually contracted by unintentionally inhaling virus
early symptoms
Early Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore Throat
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Rash Appears After 2-3 Days
chicken pox the immune system
Chicken Pox & The Immune System
  • The virus 1st infects the mucous of the upper respiratory tract
  • Viral proliferation occurs in lymph nodes for 2-4 days after initial infection

= infected area

slide6
Cont.
  • 4-6 days after initial infection, virus enters blood stream
  • This is followed by a second round of replication in body’s organs
  • ESPECIALLY in Spleen & Liver
1 st exposure
1st Exposure
  • Body 1st Exposed creates antibodies
    • Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
    • Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
    • Immunoglobulin A (IgA)
1 st exposure cont
1st Exposure Cont.
  • B & T memory cells are also created
    • If the virus is in the body again, the memory cells will detect it
      • This will help a faster response
  • IF there is a 2nd exposure, memory cells will stimulate cells to create antibodies
children
Children
  • Usually get it around the age of 12
    • Can occur earlier or later
  • Kids get chicken pox easily
    • They spread germs effectively
  • It’s not a bad thing for them to get
    • They’ll create antibodies which will prevent any later infections from occurring
adults
Adults
  • Chickenpox complications are more likely in adults than kids
    • The blisters/red spots scar easier
    • Lead to more serious diseases i.e. pneumonia, bone infections, etc.

Can Also Cause…….

shingles
Shingles!
  • Also caused by Varicella-Zoster Virus
    • Blistering, painful rashes
    • Tends to occur on one side of the body
      • Like torso or face
shingles cont
Shingles Cont.
  • Can cause damage to eyes or other organs
  • Long-term consequence: post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN)
  • PHN is continuous pain even AFTER the rash has left
  • Difficult to treat
  • Can diminish quality of life
slide13

So.....What Should You Do?

  • Expose kids at a young age
  • They will make antibodies to prevent any second exposures to the virus
  • Easier to treat
  • Prevent Shingles and other complications