From isolation to incubation how are catholic schools innovating to meet students special needs
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From isolation to incubation: How are Catholic Schools innovating to meet students ’ special needs?. Martin Scanlan martin.scanlan@marquette.edu. Setting the stage. I. Context of isolated innovations: Inactive / reactive responses II. Framework for incubating innovations

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From isolation to incubation how are catholic schools innovating to meet students special needs

From isolation to incubation: How are Catholic Schoolsinnovating to meet students’ special needs?

Martin Scanlan

martin.scanlan@marquette.edu


Setting the stage
Setting the stage

I. Context of isolated innovations:

Inactive/ reactive responses

II. Framework for incubating innovations

Approaching Inclusive Service Delivery

in proactive and systemic manners


How do we meet students special needs
How do we meet students’ special needs?

A) Inactive: We generally underserve the very students we want most to educate

B) Reactive: When we do serve these students, we do so in pockets of innovation


Linguistic diversity rising
Linguistic diversity rising

  • 1979  1999 the number of children who spoke a language other than English at home doubled

  • Nearly three in four (72%) from homes in which Spanish is spoken

  • Implications for schooling: barriers to educational success for these students

Inactive


Inactive response
Inactive Response

“The number of Hispanics enrolled in Catholic schools has remained stagnant for the past 15 years despite the robust increase in the Hispanic population”

(Notre Dame Task Force on the Participation of Latino

Children and Families in Catholic Schools, 2009)

Mexicans, “far and away the largest U.S. immigrant group, also have the lowest rate of Catholic school utilization”

(Lawrence, 2000, p. 197)

Inactive



Martin scanlan martin scanlan marquette edu

13% Latino

30% Latino

8% Latino

24%

25%

13%

20%

6%

12%

Inactive


Pocket of innovation
Pocket of Innovation:

  • Escuela de Guadalupe

Reactive


Students with special needs
Students with Special Needs

  • Special needs as a wide umbrella

  • Students with diagnosed disabilities

    • 7% Catholic school population

    • 13.5% public school population

      (USCCB, 2002)

  • Most common:

    • Learning disabilities, behavior disorders, vision, speech and language

    • Elementary > Secondary

      (Durow, 2007)



Attitudes are the real disability
Attitudes are the real disability”

  • “[Catholic] schools are able to accommodate students with special needs and/or disabilities”

    (Gray & Gautier, 2006, p. 136)


Isolated pockets of innovation
Isolated Pockets of Innovation:

  • St. Robert’s

    • Some drawn in from public schools

    • Some drawn over from other Catholic schools

    • Paradox of an innovation imploding?

Reactive



Martin scanlan martin scanlan marquette edu

Catholic parents with the highest household incomes are most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

(Gray and Gautier, 2006, p. 57)

Inactive


Isolated pockets of innovation1
Isolated Pockets of Innovation: most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

  • Networks of schools (i.e. NativityMiguel)

  • Alternate funding schemes

    • Stewardship Model

    • Voucher Programs

      * Note: More than the other dimensions, we’re addressing the barriers of poverty systematically

Reactive


Ii framework for incubating innovations
II. Framework for most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.Incubating Innovations:

  • Apply our core principles

  • Create structures promoting high quality teaching and learning for all

  • Involve policy & resource mechanisms


1 apply our core principles
1) Apply our Core principles most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

  • Catholic social teaching:

    • The dignity of the individual

    • The value of serving the common good

    • Preferential option for the marginalized

      (Scanlan, 2008, 2009a; Storz & Nestor, 2007)


2 promote high quality teaching and learning
2) Promote high quality most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.teaching and learning

  • Building capacity of teachers:

    • Special Needs: Learning consultant model

    • Bilingual: From compensatory to quality schooling (Brisk, 2006)

  • Integrating Pedagogical Supports

    • Strengthen relationships in horizontal, vertical, and diagonal directions


3 involve policy and resource mechanisms
3) Involve Policy and most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.Resource Mechanisms

  • Strong governance structures

    (e.g., boards with limited jurisdiction)

  • Expanded pool of resources

  • Strategic planning for enrollment, staffing, and professional development

  • Educational entrepreneurism


Example of proactive systemic reform
Example of proactive, systemic reform most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

  • Students with special needs: Archdiocese of St. Louis

    The Learning Consultant Model raises the capacity of general education teachers to meet the needs of the diversity of learners in their classrooms


Key dimensions of model
Key Dimensions of Model most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

  • Learning Consultant (LC) as coach

  • LC develops relationships laterally, vertically, and diagonally

  • LC helps school community develop tools, policies, and procedures

  • Leadership / ownership for Model is distributed across school community


Recap state of the field
Recap: State of the Field most likely to have enrolled a child in a Catholic elementary school… Catholic parents with lower household incomes are less likely to enroll, and among those of each income group who do enroll, an affordable tuition is more likely to be considered "very important.

  • We are shedding inactive and reactive responses

  • Moving leadership in new directions : Proactive and systemic responses provide a framework for incubating innovation:

    • Apply core values

    • Cultivate quality teaching / learning

    • Involve policy and resource mechanisms