Chinese Pinyin / Characters Introduction Keli Su 9/1/2014
Objective: 1. Learn about the Chinese language 2. Become familiar with basic Chinese pronunciation 3. Know the six categories of Chinese Characters; 4. Know the Chinese Characters have evolved Throughout Chinese history.
Consonants & Vowels b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zhchsh r z c s a o e i u ü http://kid.chinese.cn/rhymes/article/2011-02/23/content_229524.htm http://www.ctcfl.ox.ac.uk/Pinyin_Notes.htm#2. Consonants http://www.yoyochinese.com/Chinese_pinyin_cheat_sheet.jpg
Read with me http://www.yes-chinese.com/pinyin/
Tones • Four tones First tone (¯) Second tone (´) Third tone (ˇ) Fourth tone (ˋ) • Neutral tone No tone marks on the neutral tone 漢語拼音教學動畫大全 http://blog.huayuworld.org/school17/12342/2009/04/08/27586 tone: b: http://blog.huayuworld.org/gallery/9554/pinyin_00_b.swf a: http://blog.huayuworld.org/gallery/9554/pinyin_00_a.swf
Pinyin practice • Tone http://pinyinpractice.com/tones.htm • Initial http://pinyinpractice.com/initials.htm • Final http://pinyinpractice.com/finals.htm • Quiz http://pinyinpractice.com/selfquiz.htm
Six Categories (六书 / 六書). Pictograms 象形字 2. Ideograms 指事字 3. Ideogrammic compounds 会意字 4. Phono-semantic compounds 形声字 5. Transformed cognates 转注字 Rebus 假借字
Pictograms 象形字 Characters in this class derive from pictures 日rì for "sun", 月yuè for "moon“, 木mù for "tree”,
Ideograms 指事字 Characters either modify existing pictographs iconically, or are direct iconic illustrations 上shàng "up“ 下xià "down”
Ideogrammic compounds 会意字 Translated literally as logical aggregates or associative compounds, these characters symbolically combine pictograms or ideograms to create a third character. 木mù "tree” 林lín "grove", 森sēn "forest".
Phono-semantic compounds 形声字 The phono-semantic compounds, also called semantic-phonetic compounds or pictophonetic compounds. pictographic phonetic 河hé “river”, 氵shuǐ可 kě 湖hú "lake", 氵shuǐ 胡 hú
Transformed cognates 转注字 The mutual-explanatory characters typically are a pair or a group of characters, that share the same radical and have similar meaning. 考kǎo "to verify" 老lǎo "old" were once the same character, meaning "elderly person"
Rebus 假借字 Also called borrowings or phonetic loan characters, this category covers cases where an existing character is used to represent an unrelated word with similar pronunciation; sometimes the old meaning is then lost completely. 自zì, "oneself“, original meaning of "nose” 萬 wàn, "ten thousand“, originally meant "scorpion”
Chinese Characters • Play the video ~5 min (中国文化欣赏_汉字)
Radicals • http://www.usc.edu/dept/ealc/chinese/character/output/index.html • 人刀力又口囗土夕大女子寸小工弓心戈手日月木水火田目示糸耳衣言貝走足金門隹雨食馬 • IC2E_L1P1_p22 from www.cheng-sui.com_files_IC2E_L1P1_TxtSimp_4609_0.pdf
Group work: 1. make 5 groups 2. Each group take one column 3. Group discussing then sharing
Self practice_1: Matching the words Exchange the paper to score
Self practice_2: Matching the words Exchange the paper to score
Let us practice: 衣魚母子車
Classroom Expressions_1 1. Nǐhǎo! How are you? How do you do? 2. Lǎoshīhǎo! How are you, teacher? 3. Shàngkè. Let’s begin the class. 4. Xiàkè. The class is over. 5. Dǎkāishū. Open the book. 6. Wǒshuō, nǐmentīng. I’ll speak, you listen. 7. Kànbáibǎn. Look at the whiteboard.
Classroom Expressions_2 8. Duìbúduì? Is it right? 9. Duì! Right! Correct! 10. Hěnhǎo! Very good! 11. Qǐnggēnwǒshuō. Please repeat after me. 12. Zàishuōyíbiàn. Say it again. 13. Dǒngbudǒng? Do you understand? 14. Dǒng le. Yes, I/we understand; I/we do. 15. Zàijiàn! Good-bye!
Survival Expressions 1. Duìbùqǐ! Sorry! 2. Qǐngwèn... Excuse me...; May I ask... 3. Xièxie! Thanks! 4. Zhèshìshén me? What is this? 5. Wǒbùdǒng. I don’t understand. 6. Qǐngzàishuōyíbiàn. Please say it one more time. 7. “…” Zhōngwénzěn me shuō? How do you say “…” in Chinese? 8. “…” shìshén me yìsi? What does “…” mean? 9. Qǐngnǐgěiwǒ... Please give me... 10. Qǐngnǐgàosùwǒ... Please tell me...
Supplement • Links for Integrated Chinese Level 1: Introduction http://eall.hawaii.edu/yao/ICUsers/ic1Int.htm • 中文听说读写: http://www.language.berkeley.edu/ic/ I / C conversation, test & lots more. • Tools: http://www.chinese-tools.com/tools/ • 漢典(汉典)： http://www.zdic.net/ • 全民大词典：http://www.yes-chinese.com/v2010/dict_ce/search.do
21 Century Tech • Your eMail address • Web accessing for the assignment • Listening: Add voice clip into the handout • Speaking: You record the voice clip to me • Reading: Add voice clip into the handout • Writing: Type汉字 into computer • Internet sharing