Chapter 4. Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life. Questions for You…. Is there a structure regarding how society is organized? How do the large pieces of society fit together?
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Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life
Is there a structure regarding how society is organized?
How do the large pieces of society fit together?
What is the importance of understanding “social location” as it relates to a group’s overall placement in the social structure?
What factors affect the process of social interaction?
Social Structure: The Macrolevel Perspective
Components of Social Structure
Societies: Changes in Social Structure
Social Interaction: The Microlevel Perspective
Changing Social Structure and Interaction in the Future
Social structure is the framework of societal institutions (politics, and religion) and social practices (social roles) that make up a society and establish limits on behavior.
Social interaction is the process by which people act toward or respond to other people and is the foundation for all relationships and groups in society.
According to data published by the Congressional Research Service Reports(2005), the number of homeless individuals in the United States ranges from 600,000-2.5 million people.
Although single men constitute about sixty percent of the homeless population, families constitute about one third of all homeless and are the fastest-growing group of homeless. The homeless elderly will also be an important group as America ages in the next decades
A socially defined position in society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and duties.
A social group consists of two or more people who interact frequently and share a common identity and a feeling of interdependence.
Primary groups - Family, close friends, school or work-related peer groups
Secondary - Schools, churches, corporations
A highly structured group formed for the purpose of completing certain tasks or achieving specific goals.
Many of us spend most of our time in formal organizations such as colleges, corporations, or the government.
A social institution is a set of organized beliefs and rules that establishes how a society will attempt to meet its basic social needs.
Government or politics
Teaching new members.
Producing, distributing, and consuming goods and services.
Providing and maintaining a sense of purpose.
Social solidarity is based on social structure which is based on division of labor.
Mechanical Solidarity - people are united by traditions and shared values.
Organic Solidarity - people are united by mutual dependence on one another.
Sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855– 1936) used the terms Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft to characterize the degree of social solidarity and social control found in societies.
He was especially concerned about what happens to social solidarity in a society when a “loss of community” occurs.
A Gemeinschaft society would be made up of the various family trees and how they are related to one another.
A Gesellschaft society would be made up of clumps of trees, each has a specialized relationship and may not be committed to the others.
Industrial societies are based on technology that mechanizes production.
People who are unemployed do not share the same status markers as those who have jobs.
A postindustrial society is one in which technology supports a service and information based economy.
They are characterized by an economy in which large numbers of people provide or apply information or are employed in service jobs.
The process by which our perception of reality is largely shaped by the subjective meaning that we give to an experience.
This meaning strongly influences what we “see” and how we respond to situations.
Definition of the situation -
We analyze a social context in which we find ourselves, determine what is in our best interest, and adjust our attitudes and actions accordingly.
A false belief or prediction that produces behavior that makes the original false belief come true.
The study of social interaction that compares everyday life to a theatrical presentation.
Members of our “audience” judge us and are aware that we may slip and reveal our true character.
Supplements verbal communication.
Regulates social interaction.
Establishes the relationship among people in terms of their power over one another.
The immediate area surrounding a person that the person claims as private.
Our personal space is contained within an invisible boundary surrounding our body, much like a snail’s shell.
Social interaction is the process by which people act toward or respond to other people.
Being a college professor is an achieved status.
Being a homeless person is a master status.
Women who work for less pay, less prestige, and more career roadblocks often experience role strain.
Nonverbal communication regulates our conversations.