Unit 2
Download
1 / 32

UNIT 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 142 Views
  • Uploaded on

UNIT 2. TEK 7.5B Demonstrate and explain the cycling of matter within living systems, such as in the decay of biomass in a compost bin 7.5C Diagram the flow of energy through living systems including food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids. 8/30/2010 Decay of Biomass PG. 16.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' UNIT 2 ' - mary-olsen


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Unit 2

UNIT 2

TEK 7.5B Demonstrate and explain the cycling of matter within living systems, such as in the decay of biomass in a compost bin

7.5C Diagram the flow of energy through living systems including food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids


8 30 2010 decay of biomass pg 16
8/30/2010 Decay of Biomass PG. 16

  • IN: OBJ: The student will understand and build a compost bin using organic matter.

  • TEK: 7.5B

  • Language OBJ: discussion


In warm up how much garbage
IN: Warm-up: How much Garbage?

  • Is taking out the trash one of your chores at home? Sometimes, the bags aren’t too heavy, some days you are begging for help to drag them to the dumpster. Using your knowledge of how much trash you generate at home, circle an answer to each question below that is closest to your own hypothesis on how much garbage Americans generate.

    • HOW MUCH GARBAGE DOES A TYPICAL AMERICAN FAMILY OF FOUR GENERATE IN ONE WEEK?

      • A. about 20 pounds

      • B. 50 pounds

      • C. 80-150 pounds

      • D. 250 pounds

    • HOW MUCH GABAGE IS THAT FOR EACH PERSON FOR ONE DAY?

      • A. 1 pound

      • B. 3-4 pounds

      • C. over 10 pounds

      • D. 22 pounds


Unit 2

  • Americans generate about 190-210 million tons of garbage a year. That is enough trash to fill a bumper-to-bumper convoy of garbage trucks halfway to the moon.

  • What happens to the garbage? What happens when it gets to the landfill?

  • Every day, leaves die and fall off of plants. In the fall, many trees lose their leaves. People in your neighborhood mow their yard. What happens to those leaves? Why are we not up to our necks in garbage, dead leaves, and the remains of living things that die?

  • When living things die, what happens to the energy trapped in the bodies of the organisms? When we throw things away, what happens to the energy trapped in the matter of those objects when they end up in the landfill? Write your ideas of what happens in the box beside the trash truck.


Through decomposers
THROUGH: Decomposers year. That is enough trash to fill a bumper-to-bumper convoy of garbage trucks halfway to the moon.

  • Located on the bottom of ecosystem diagrams such as food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids.

  • Break down dead material, they provide nutrients that other organisms need to survive.

  • Types of decomposers (saprotrophs) are bacteria and fungi.

  • Important role in the recycling material in the environment


Unit 2

  • When a plant or animal dies, it leaves behind nutrients and energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • Scavengers can feed on the carcasses, but they leave behind a large amount of unused every and nutrients.

  • This unused energy is found in the form of uneaten bones, feathers, exoskeletons of insects, or fur in the case of animals, wood in the case of plants, and in the feces of scavengers.

  • Decomposers complete decomposition by converting this remaining organic matter into carbon dioxide and nutrients.

  • This releases nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and magnesium, in a form usable to plants and algae.

  • This process resupplies nutrients to the ecosystem which the producers use.


Compost bin
Compost Bin energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • “Greens” for compost bin – grass clippings, green leaves, or plant clippings

  • “Browns” for compost bin – dry leaves, straw, hay, or saw dust, newspaper

  • Organic rich, fertile soil

  • Non-chlorinated water


Compost column construction data
Compost Column Construction Data energy in the organic material that comprised its body.


Unit 2

  • Recall: energy in the organic material that comprised its body.Vocab Words – microorganisms, biomass, decay, decomposition, compost

  • Summary – explanation of the day

  • OUT: How does decay of biomass relate to a food chain or food web?


8 31 2010 decay of biomass pg 18
8/31/2010 Decay of Biomass Pg. 18 energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • IN: OBJ: The students will understand the decay of biomass and energy flow of living organisms using discussion and graphic organizers.

  • TEKS: 7.5B and 7.5C

  • Language Obj: we will illustrate through diagrams and discuss


In warm up organism shuffle
In: Warm-up: Organism shuffle energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • Organize these animals in a way that you think these organisms interact in the wild. Build a food chain. What are the reasons you organized these animals this way?

    • Snake

    • Grass

    • Rat

    • Owl


Through what is composting
Through: What is composting? energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • Composting creates the ideal conditions for the natural decay or rotting processes that occur in nature.

  • Composting requires the following:

    • Biomass – organic matter in a system

    • Soil – source of microorganisms

    • Water – required for life

    • Air – source of oxygen


What is composting
What is composting? energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • During composting, microorganisms from the soil eat the biomass and break it down into its simplest parts. This produces compost which is a substance rich in nutrients and used by plants as fertilizer.

  • Gasses and heat are given off as the matter is decomposed, or broken down, by the microorganisms.


What is composting1
What is composting? energy in the organic material that comprised its body.

  • The microorganisms require water and oxygen to live and multiply. Through this process, the microorganisms give off gasses and heat.

  • Temperatures within compost piles can rise as high as 100 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • If the compost pile or bin is actively managed by turning and watering it regularly, the process of decomposing into finished compost can happen in as little as two to three weeks.


Unit 2


Compost bin1
Compost bin decay of biomass?

  • How is the decay of biomass important in your lives?

  • How does the decay of biomass relate to a food chain or food web?

  • How is energy transferred in the environment?

AIR

Biomass Dead organisms leaves/grass woody materials (MATTER)

Water

Finished Compost

Soil (Microorganisms

Gasses, Heat (Energy)


Unit 2

  • Recall – energy flow, matter, carbon cycle, heat decay of biomass?

  • Summary – brief explanation of today

  • OUT: Free write how energy is returned to the environment through the decay of biomass. Use your vocabulary. HW: What eats what? Due Thursday


9 1 2010 virtual trashcan pg 20
9/1/2010 Virtual Trashcan Pg. 20 decay of biomass?

  • OBJ: The student will predict the amount of time it takes for items to be biodegraded through visual representation.

  • TEKS: 7.5B and 7.5C

  • Language Obj: visual graphics


In warm up
IN: Warm-up: decay of biomass?

  • Food Web and Impact

    • In a Coniferous forest, small rodents, weasels, foxes, and a lynx are all effected by a wildfire. Describe how the wildfire impacts this ecosystem and food chain.


Virtual trashcan
Virtual trashcan decay of biomass?

  • Individual analysis – decide which items are biodegradeable ad rank the items based on how long it takes them to break down in the environment.

  • Group analysis with lab partners

  • Class analysis


Virtual trashcan1
Virtual Trashcan decay of biomass?

  • Cotton t-shirt = 5 months

  • Aluminum can = 200-500 yrs

  • Disposable diaper = 500- 600 yrs

  • Food = 3-4 weeks

  • Plastic water bottle = 450 yrs

  • Iron nail = 80-100 yrs

  • Wood = 10-15 yrs

  • Paper = 2- 5 months

  • Newspaper = 6 weeks

  • Styrofoam = never

  • Leaves = 1-3 months

  • Plastic utensils = 10,000 years

  • Batteries = unknown

  • Plastic bag = 20-30 years

  • Plastic cup = 250 years


Unit 2


9 2 2010 food chains and webs pg 22
9/2/2010 Food Chains and Webs Pg. 22 decay of biomass?

  • IN: OBJ: The student will design a food web and understand symbiotic relationships by building post cards.

  • TEKS: 7.5B and 7.5C

  • Language Obj: Discussion and visual representation


In warm up symbiotic relationships
IN: Warm-up Symbiotic Relationships decay of biomass?

  • Define through previous knowledge the following relationships:

    • Predator/prey

    • Parasite/host

    • Consumer/producer


Through
Through: decay of biomass?

  • Predator/Prey

  • Predator – hunts and kills other animals for food; consumer

    • Omnivore, carnivore

  • Prey – animal that is killed and eaten, consumer

    • Omnivore, carnivore, herbivore

  • Niche – the role an organism fills within its environment

  • Always competition for food and territory in the animal world and it is vital for the animal to find a niche within their environment


Symbiotic relationships
Symbiotic relationships decay of biomass?

  • Symbiosis – close relationship between the individuals of two or more different species. Allows two species to share the same space and/or food supply.

  • Mutualism – both species benefit or help each other

  • Commensalism – one species benefits; the other is unaffected

  • Parasitism – one species benefits; the other is harmed


Examples
Examples decay of biomass?

  • Mutualism – A honey bee and a flower. The honey bee gets to eat the pollen from the flower. The flower uses the bee to spread its pollen to another.

  • Commensalism – An animal using a plant for shelter. A bird benefits by building its nest in a tree. The tree is unaffected

  • Parasitism – An example would be a tick and a dog. The tick gets food from the dog without killing it. The dog is harmed by becoming weak from losing blood to the tick and possibly by getting an infected wound.

  • Energy is transferred between different organisms and cycles.


Ecosystem
Ecosystem decay of biomass?

  • Biotic – living things

  • Abiotic – non living things

  • Ecosystem – interaction between all the living and nonliving things in an area.

  • Both living and nonliving factors in an environment affect the species that are present.

  • Food chain – a group of organisms in which one depends on another for food

  • An important component of a food chain is the flow of energy.

    • The grasshopper gets energy from eating the grass and this energy is transferred to the snake when the snake eats the grasshopper.


Food web
Food web decay of biomass?

  • Food web – multiple food chains that overlap.

    • A hawk may eat fish, birds, and squirrels and each of the prey may have their own food chain.

    • Producer – green plant that makes its own food through the process of photosynthesis.

  • Consumer – animals that fee on producers and are herbivores.

  • Flesh eating consumers or carnivores are secondary consumers

  • Omnivores are carnivores and herbivores.


Video clip
Video clip decay of biomass?

  • http://idahoptv.org/dialogue4kids/

  • http://www.vtaide.com/png/foodchains.htm

  • Trophic levels – consumers, producers, and decomposers

  • Activity: Symbiotic relationships Postcards

  • How do humans get the energy needed for survival?

  • How would removing one organism from a food chain or food web affect the energy flow within that system?

  • What happens to the energy in matter that is decaying or decomposing?


Unit 2

  • Recall – consumers , producers, herbivores, carnivores, food chain, food webs, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism

  • Summary – brief explanation of the day

  • OUT: Study for Quiz

    Conclusions for Compost bin:

    What happened to the temperature of the compost bin?

    What happened with the matter in the compost bin?

    What happened to the energy stored in the matter?


9 3 2010 quiz
9/3/2010 QUIZ food chain, food webs, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism

  • Illustrate and explain how matter and energy is transferred in a compost bin

  • Expectations – must have a drawing that show how matter and energy are transferred in a compost bin

  • An illustration of a food chain or web occurring in the compost bin must be included.

  • Label drawings

  • Written explanation of both drawings

  • Arrows showing the transfer of energy must be on the illustrations .