中国文化系列讲座 —— 中国的文字. 主讲人：王俊英. 一 . 汉字的特点 The feature of Chinese Character 二 . 汉字的构造方式 The construction of Chinese Character 三 . 汉字的发展演变 The development of Chinese Character. 一 . 汉字的特点. 鱼 fish. 人 man. 山 mountain.
The feature of Chinese Character
The construction of Chinese Character
The development of Chinese Character
Original meaning: armpit
Original meaning: root
Extended meaning: basic; fundamental; original
Meaning: the edge of a knife, sword, etc
森：Chinese often use “three” to indicate “many”. So three “木” means there are a lot of trees. The woods, in Chinese , we call it “森林”。
監(监)：很早以前人类社会还没有镜子，所以人们常常在有水的地方照自己的样子。这个字就是人在装着水的器皿旁，向器皿中看自己的样子。所以现在引申出来有“监督、监视”的意思。Supervise；keep watch on
诗集：a collection of poems
莫：It’s original meaning is dusk. Since it’s pronunciation is similar to “nobody”, and it’s too hard to make a character for “nobody”. So we use “莫” to indicate “nobody”, and make an other character “暮” for “dusk”.
In primitive society, the women’s position is very important. Because the tribe need more and more people to protect themselves and to fight with the other tribe. So the man often robbed the other’s wife. So people had to marry at the evening.