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post traumatic stress disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

By: Véda, Amy, and Alyssa


post traumatic stress disorder3
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Also known as PTSD
  • A severe anxiety problem that can result from an emotional or shocking experience
  • About 3.6% of Americans 18-54 (5.2 million people)
  • Symptoms usually start to appear within 3 months of traumatic event
  • Some can be cured in as little as 6 months, some much longer
  • Other anxiety disorders, co-occurring depression, or alcohol/drug abuse often come with PTSD
  • Another factor is responding to certain incidents with extreme fear, vulnerability, and terror.
  • Can arise from war, natural disasters, dangerous accidents, or life-threatening personal assaults
  • Eg. Rape, mugging, shooting, earthquake, military combat, car accident, or a plane crash
  • It can occur in any age, including childhood


  • Symptoms usually begin within three months of the event, but in some cases it could be years before they surface.
  • The strength of the symptoms will vary from person to person.
three categories
Three Categories
  • Re-experiencing the event
  • Avoidance and emotional numbing
  • Changes in sleep pattern,1249878624,2/stock-photo-one-depressed-person-stands-lonely-apart-from-the-group-35008390.jpg

re experiencing
  • Dreams or nightmares
  • Flash backs can be caused by things like a triggering smell, sound or image.
  • Re-experiencing an traumatic event in the mind can cause distress, excessive sweating and the increase of heart rate.
avoidance and emotional
Avoidance and Emotional
  • Withdraw from friends and family
  • Avoid situations which remind of the trauma.
  • They don’t enjoy life as usual
  • Extreme guilt
  • Disassociative state
  • Depression
disassociative state
Disassociative state
  • In rare cases the person acts and reacts as if they are living through the experience again. This can last for anywhere from five minutes to several days.
  • Insomnia and difficulty


  • Can lead to aggression
  • Difficulty concentrating

and finishing tasks

Changes in sleep pattern

treatments therapies
Treatments & Therapies
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Exposure therapy
  • Medicine: known as SSRI’s or anti-depressants. They relieve depression, and anxiety. When you have depression you may not have enough of a chemical in your brain, SSRI’s raise the level of serotonin in your brain.
  • Treatment helps people feel in more control of their life

cognitive behavioural therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • You are gradually exposed to thoughts about the traumatic event that you experienced. Through this therapy you identify upsetting thoughts about the trauma that are distorted.

exposure therapy
Exposure therapy
  • The purpose of exposure therapy is to have less fear of your memories.
  • The idea behind exposure therapy is to learn about your fears, thoughts, and to focus on situations that remind you of your traumatic event.
  • Your therapist will use techniques known as desensitization, and flooding.
other treatments
Other Treatments
  • Group therapy
  • Psychodynamic psychology
  • Family therapy

Each of these therapies affect people differently.

  •, . (2010). Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from MediaRecource
  • incorperated, Canada. Web site:
  • HIT Lab, . (2010). VR Treatment for Post-traumtic Stress Disorder. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from HIT lab, Washington. Web site:
  • CBC, . (2009). The traumatic effects of extreme stress. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from CBC, Canada. Web site:
  • Canadian Mental Health Association, . (2010). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from Canadian mental health association. Web site: