Post Traumatic Stress Disorder By: Véda, Amy, and Alyssa http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_eDs_b1LRt6I/TEHNZ-XYpAI/AAAAAAAAEwY/AgErgzyXtIY/s1600/OKSoldierPTSD.jpg http://www.medindia.net/news/featured-news/post-traumatic-stress-disorder.jpg
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/17272.jpg
Description • Also known as PTSD • A severe anxiety problem that can result from an emotional or shocking experience • About 3.6% of Americans 18-54 (5.2 million people) • Symptoms usually start to appear within 3 months of traumatic event • Some can be cured in as little as 6 months, some much longer • Other anxiety disorders, co-occurring depression, or alcohol/drug abuse often come with PTSD • Another factor is responding to certain incidents with extreme fear, vulnerability, and terror.
Causes • Can arise from war, natural disasters, dangerous accidents, or life-threatening personal assaults • Eg. Rape, mugging, shooting, earthquake, military combat, car accident, or a plane crash • It can occur in any age, including childhood http://www.lowvarates.com/va-loan-blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/ptsd-post-traumatic-stress-disorder.jpg
Symptoms • Symptoms usually begin within three months of the event, but in some cases it could be years before they surface. • The strength of the symptoms will vary from person to person.
Three Categories • Re-experiencing the event • Avoidance and emotional numbing • Changes in sleep pattern http://www.consumersresearchcncl.org/Healthcare/Mental_Health/images/j0098537.gif http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_3yysQSLnJGE/S83LVoKEgiI/AAAAAAAAAH0/oV9JASef7Ug/s1600/ChildStress2.jpg http://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/248635/248635,1249878624,2/stock-photo-one-depressed-person-stands-lonely-apart-from-the-group-35008390.jpg
Re-experiencing • Dreams or nightmares • Flash backs can be caused by things like a triggering smell, sound or image. • Re-experiencing an traumatic event in the mind can cause distress, excessive sweating and the increase of heart rate.
Avoidance and Emotional • Withdraw from friends and family • Avoid situations which remind of the trauma. • They don’t enjoy life as usual • Extreme guilt • Disassociative state • Depression
Disassociative state • In rare cases the person acts and reacts as if they are living through the experience again. This can last for anywhere from five minutes to several days. • Insomnia and difficulty sleeping • Can lead to aggression • Difficulty concentrating and finishing tasks Changes in sleep pattern http://www.healthgiants.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Insomnia.jpg
Treatments & Therapies • Cognitive behavioural therapy • Exposure therapy • Medicine: known as SSRI’s or anti-depressants. They relieve depression, and anxiety. When you have depression you may not have enough of a chemical in your brain, SSRI’s raise the level of serotonin in your brain. • Treatment helps people feel in more control of their life
Cognitive behavioural therapy • You are gradually exposed to thoughts about the traumatic event that you experienced. Through this therapy you identify upsetting thoughts about the trauma that are distorted. http://s1.hubimg.com/u/350036_f260.jpg
Exposure therapy • The purpose of exposure therapy is to have less fear of your memories. • The idea behind exposure therapy is to learn about your fears, thoughts, and to focus on situations that remind you of your traumatic event. • Your therapist will use techniques known as desensitization, and flooding.
Other Treatments • Group therapy • Psychodynamic psychology • Family therapy Each of these therapies affect people differently. http://www.dunhamcounseling.com/images/group.therapy.st.charles.jpg
Sources • http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=8865&cn=109 • http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=194#Causes • http://ptsd.about.com/od/treatment/a/psychodynamic.htm • http://www.brainline.org/landing_pages/categories/ptsd.html?gclid=CNTJnKG • http://theguideto.com/ptsd-treatment/?src=MSN&kwrd=post%20traumatic%20stress%20disorder&subid=Canada\ • http://www.brainline.org/landing_pages/categories/ptsd.html?gclid=COXG2pyvy6UCFUVoKgodT3LwlA • Canada.com, . (2010). Canada.com. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from MediaRecource • incorperated, Canada. Web site: • http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=194 • HIT Lab, . (2010). VR Treatment for Post-traumtic Stress Disorder. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from HIT lab, Washington. Web site: http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.hitl.washington.edu/research/ptsd/JOANNE_files/image003.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.hitl.washington.edu/projects/ptsd/&usg=__wDxWKqQnjdtRoJ-ExbP6eMuFWuo=&h=312&w=444&sz=11&hl=en&start=3&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=vbUK4Y7IWvliZM:&tbnh=89&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpost%2Btraumatic%2Bstress%2Bdisorder%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-ca%26tbs%3Disch:1 • CBC, . (2009). The traumatic effects of extreme stress. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from CBC, Canada. Web site: http://www.cbc.ca/health/story/2008/12/17/f-ptsd.html. • Canadian Mental Health Association, . (2010). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Retrieved Dec. 1, 2010, from Canadian mental health association. Web site: http://www.cmha.ca/bins/content_page.asp?cid=3-94-97. • http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_tramatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm • http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/treatment-ptsd.asp