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IE-331: Industrial Engineering Statistics II Spring 2000 WEEK 1

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IE-331: Industrial Engineering Statistics II Spring 2000 WEEK 1. Dr. Srinivas R. Chakravarthy Professor of Operations Research and Statistics Kettering University (GMI Engineering &amp; Management Institute) Flint, MI 48504-4898 Phone: 810.762.7906 Email: schakrav@kettering.edu

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Dr. Srinivas R. Chakravarthy

Professor of Operations Research and Statistics

Kettering University

(GMI Engineering & Management Institute)

Flint, MI 48504-4898

Phone: 810.762.7906

Email: schakrav@kettering.edu

Homepage: www.kettering.edu/~schakrav

Linear Regression Analysis
• Analysis of relationships among variables.
• Evaluate the importance of individual predictor variables.
• Learn as much as possible about the environment.
• Mechanism for assessing and explaining variability inherent in the system.
• Regression analysis is one of the most widely used statistical techniques.
Statistical technique for investigating and modeling the relationship between the response (dependent) and explanatory (independent or predictor) variables.
• Applications of regression: almost every field, including medicine, economics, business, engineering and management.
• It utilizes the experimental data on the pertinent variables to see whether any relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable of the model under study
In general regression methods are used to study the relationship, if any, and to predict the future values.
• Regression may be applied to correlating data in a wide range of problems ranging from the simple correlation of physical properties to the analysis of complex system.
• In many areas that require calibration study, regression analysis is frequently used.
• This is very important as the actual measurements may require very costly equipment, which may not be easily transportable.
In these cases, to minimize the cost and time involved in getting the measurements an alternative approach (cheaper and easy to implement) will be available.
• The form of the relationship (such as linear, quadratic, exponential) between explanatory and response variables may be guessed if something is known about the model.
• Frequently, a linear function is assumed initially if nothing is known about the model.
In almost all applications of regression, the fitted regression equation is only an approximation to the true relationship between variables.
• The fitted equation is very sensitive to the data
• Care should be taken to accurate data collection.
• Many of the techniques used in regression analysis can be distorted by false data.
Regression analysis and quality

(a) process for building a useful analog of a production system

(b) mechanism to aid in understanding complex interrelationship

(c) mechanism for assessing and explaining variability inherent in the system

(d) tool to focus on important phenomena affecting the system

Stages of a Comprehensive Regression analysis
• Stage 1: Investigate the data base. Plot the variables.
• Stage 2: Propose a functional form for each variable.
• Stage 3: Estimate the parameters of the model.
• Stage 4: Assess the model assumptions.
• Stage 5: Select the key regressor variables.
Basic Concepts
• Simple: There is one only regressor variable.
• Linear: The power of the parameters is at most 1.
• Multiple: More than one regressor variables.
• Order: The highest power of a regressor variable.

MULTIPLE LINEAR REGRESSION MODEL

( Full Second-order Model)