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Determining the Feasibility of Merging the Village of Shorewood Police Department and the Village of Whitefish Bay Police Department. By David M. Banaszynski. Overview of the Research Project – Business Problem.

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Determining the Feasibility of Merging the Village of Shorewood Police Department and the Village of Whitefish Bay Police Department

By

David M. Banaszynski

overview of the research project business problem
Overview of the Research Project – Business Problem
  • “The combined harsh realities of escalating government expenses, stagnant local tax revenues, and a dwindling population base can no longer be viewed just as a short term imbalances but rather as structural problems requiring fundamental changes in the way we approach local governance.”

(The Onondaga Citizens League, 2006, p.3)

overview of the research project
Overview of the Research Project
  • In 2005, The Maximus Group was hired to examine consolidation between Villages of Shorewood, Whitefish Bay, Fox Point and Bayside
  • Findings:
    • Combined Shorewood – Whitefish Bay Police Department would save:
      • Shorewood $563,410
      • Whitefish Bay $23,300

(Maximus, 2005, p.46)

possible outcomes available
Possible Outcomes Available

Do nothing and continue to work as the two departments

Continue to do business as separate departments but build a joint police station

Identify certain functions or functional units within the departments that could be combined

Complete merger of the two departments

description of the organizations
Shorewood

Founded in 1900

4th oldest suburb

1.3 square miles

Population July of 2005 was 13,192

No industry

Description of the Organizations

Whitefish Bay

Founded in 1892

2nd oldest suburb

2.1 square miles

Population July of 2005 was 13,508

No industry

Consolidated Fire Service and Health Department

(Shorewood History Home, 2004, para1) (Whitefish Bay Wisconsin, 2006, p2, para4)

description of the organizational units
Description of the Organizational Units

ShorewoodWhitefish Bay

Chief of Police 1 1

Lieutenant 3 2

Sergeant 3 4

Det. – Sgt. 1 0

Detective 1 2

Patrol Officer 1615

Total 25 24

(Personal communication, 2007)

description of the organizational units buildings
Description of the Organizational Units - Buildings

Shorewood Whitefish Bay

Built early 1960’s

With Village Hall

5800 square ft.

Built in 1929

With Fire Dept.

5400 square ft.

(Personal communication, 2007)

(Zimmerman Design Group, 2007)

history of police departments
History of Police Departments

Unlike England, American police systems followed the style of local and municipal governments (Uchida, 2004)

12,656 local law enforcement agencies

451,737 sworn police officers

(Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2003)

history of police consolidation
History of Police Consolidation

1980

2007

1973

2003

1980

1898

(Sunnyside Chamber, 2007, para.1; Stockton, 2006 )

consolidation in wisconsin
Consolidation in Wisconsin

1949 - Sauk Prairie

Police Department:

Sauk City and

Prairie du Sac

1969 - City’s of Abbotsford and Colby joined forces

1993 - Everest Metro

Police Department:

Weston and

Schofield Police

Departments

1995 - Fox Valley

Metro Police Dept:

Villages of Kimberly

and Little Chute

(Sauk Prairie Police, n.d.; Peterson, 2004 )

driving forces for consolidation
Driving Forces for Consolidation

Economies of Scale

Duplication of Efforts or Services

Effectiveness

Efficiency

Accountability

Harmony

Unified Command Structure

(Wisconsin Chiefs, 2004; Peterson, 2004, p.1)

restraining forces to consolidation
Restraining Forces to Consolidation

“The political and social pressures linked to the desire for local self-government offer the most significant barrier to the coordination and consolidation of police departments”

(President’s Commission, 1967)

method of research
Method of Research

From the research question, four investigative questions were developed.

Economic feasibility

Maintaining or increasing the current service levels

Reduction of duplicated police operations, services and equipment

Department structure and staffing levels of a combined department

results and analysis staff levels midwest
Results and Analysis Staff Levels Midwest

(Crime in the United States, 2005)

results and analysis staffing requirements to ratio
Results and AnalysisStaffing Requirements to Ratio

Metro Police Department at 26,700 Population

Midwest Ratio (1.59) = 43 officers

Wisconsin Ratio (1.73) = 46 Officers

Average Midwest and

Wisconsin (1.66) = 44 Officers

results and analysis economically feasible
Results and AnalysisEconomically Feasible

Metro Police Department Budget

Wages, overtime and fringe benefits at 49 sworn officers = $4,719,892

Average of $96,324 per officer

Midwest Ratio = 43 officers (-6) $577,944

Wisconsin Ratio = 46 officers (-3) $207,972

Average of Midwest

& Wisconsin = 44 officers (-5) $481,620

(Village of Shorewood and Village of Whitefish Bay Budget – 2007)

results and analysis service levels calls for service
Results and Analysis Service Levels – Calls for Service

Department Calls Average Total Crime

For Service Calls/Officer

Metro PD 14,378 293 572

Neenah 14,000 368 439

Superior 26,300 453 1,629

Sun Prairie 28,000 636 621

Mt Pleasant 42,137 1,204 752

(Personal interviews, 2007)

(Crime in the United States, 2005)

results and analysis duplication
Results and Analysis - Duplication

(Village of Shorewood and Village of Whitefish Bay Budgets 2005 – 2007)

results and analysis staffing metro police department
Results and AnalysisStaffing Metro Police Department

Use the 1.64 officer ratio per 1000

Metro Police Department would have 44 officers

Same ratio as the average of the Midwest and Wisconsin combined

Reduction would be one less officer per shift based on the staff minimums

(OJA, 2005)

results and analysis suggested staffing models
Results and AnalysisSuggested Staffing Models

(Personal communication, 2007; Maximus, 2005)

results and analysis shift staffing
Results and AnalysisShift Staffing

Shift minimums

Late Shift and Day Shift of 5 Patrol Officers and 1 Supervisor

Early Shift minimums of 6 Patrol Officers and 1 Supervisor

Need 27 Patrol Officers

2 School Liaison Officers

1 Full-time Crime Prevention/Community Officer/Court Officer

results and analysis metro police wage and benefit cost
Results and AnalysisMetro Police Wage and Benefit Cost

Whitefish Bay’s July 2007 salary rates for all officers at Lieutenant rank or below at top pay.

(Whitefish Bay Budget, 2007)

results and analysis potential savings
Results and Analysis Potential Savings

Shorewood/Whitefish Bay Combined Total

(Wages/Fringe): $4,574,425

Minus new combined sworn officers (Wages & Fringe) $4,028,835

Savings $ 545,590

If Split evenly, savings of $ 272,795

Total Whitefish Bay Budgeted in 2007 $2,219,371

Half of new salary/benefits $2,014,418

Whitefish Bay Savings $ 204,953

Total Shorewood Budgeted in 2007 $2,355,054

Half of new salary/benefits $2,014,418

Shorewood Savings $ 340,636

2007 Wages and Fringe Benefits Only

(Village of Shorewood and Village of Whitefish Bay Budgets 2007)

trustee survey results29
Trustee Survey Results

How successful were the following consolidations?

North Shore Fire Department - 8 of 10 Trustees rated it “Very Successful.”

North Shore Dispatch Center - 7 of 10 Trustees rated it “Very Successful.”

Shared DPW Equipment - 5 of 10 Trustees rated it “Very Successful.”

trustee survey results31
Trustee Survey Results

Would you be interested in forming a joint committee to further study this issue?

100% of the Trustees that responded wanted to further study this issue.

conclusion
Conclusion

It is feasible to merge the Shorewood and the Whitefish Bay Police Departments.

Actively pursue consolidation

Use the IACP retreat model

conclusion33
Conclusion

It is economically feasible to consolidate

Appoint a Management Committee

Develop a cost allocation plan

Develop a revenue allocation plan

Look at cost allocations used

Health Services,

North Shore Dispatch Services

North Shore Fire Services.

Use allocation formula to determine final savings

conclusion34
Conclusion

There is duplication of equipment.

Joint Equipment Committee

Study of similar equipment used

Possible future equipment and capital needs

Limit future purchase of equipment

conclusion35
Conclusion

Service levels remain the same and or improve.

Examine core services

Determine the level of service

Staff to match these expectations

Recommend Model for staffing

Full-time Police School Liaison Officer

Full-time Crime Prevention officer

24 hour clerical staff

conclusion36
Conclusion

There are cost savings from a joint building

Appoint a Facilities Committee

Assist in a space needs study

Determine a location

Assist in scheduling the construction

Dispose of duplicate equipment

conclusion37
Conclusion

Restraining forces must be addressed

Appoint a Operations Committee

Major restraining forces to consider:

loss of local control

loss of local identity

conclusion38
Conclusion

Operations Committee to:

Officers to design:

Department patch

Squad design

Visit:

Sauk Prairie Police Department

Everest Metro Police Department

Fox Valley Metro Police Department

final conclusion
Final Conclusion

The function of this research was to determine the feasibility of a consolidated police department between the Village of Shorewood and the Village of Whitefish Bay.

It is feasible and this merger would be in the best interest of both communities.