We are What We Eat - Culture and Food. Janet Schwartz, MS. RD. LDN June 27, 2012. "People all over the world are looking - this is human nature - you want to find a better lifestyle for you and your children and your family." - Lebanese immigrant, Detroit.
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Janet Schwartz, MS. RD. LDN
June 27, 2012
"People all over the world are looking - this is human nature - you want to find a better lifestyle for you and your children and your family." - Lebanese immigrant, Detroit
What does it mean to you?
When you were growing up and you caught a cold, what were you told about why you caught cold, and how you should treat it ?
What have you learned from encounters with other cultures ?
Geography map challenge
www.lizardpoint.com for interactive mapConnections on a Personal Level
How do you know your own cultural norms?Understanding other cultures and religions
Chinese: filial piety is #1, teachers held in high regard
See the principal as able to accomplish anything
Importance of education for children
Status of guests in home, community, and country
Ideology and world view
View of America in different countries
Hmong driving test - When the Spirit Catches You , You Fall Down
Given a photograph, North American students of European background paid more attention to the object in the foreground of a scene, while students from China spent more time studying the background and taking in the whole science.Culture determines
Culture determines how you perceive time
Bring someone how for dinner without informing
Problems stay in the family
Prevention and self-treatments as concepts
Religious beliefs and practices
Often provide direct advise on health
Islam – no alcohol and drugs
Seventh Day Adventists – same with vegetarianism
Catholic – fast periods
Lots moreCulture determines
Korea: show love by doing small things
How we perform to expectations, role performance
- Co-madres, godmothers, Godfathers, baby naming
Role of elderly in the family and communityCulture determines
Why do you think it started when it did?
What do you think your sickness does to you? How does it work?
How severe is your sickness? Will it have a short or long course?
What kinds of treatment do you think you should receive?
What re the most important results you hope to receive from this treatment?
What are the chief problems your sickness has caused for you?
What do you fear most about your sickness?Kleinman’s Explanatory Model of IllnessDepending upon the situation, wording and number of question used will vary.
physical and spiritual blending of all cultures
each cultural group stays within itself and exists next to other cultures
knowledge, traditions, beliefs and values that are developed, learned, and shared by members of a society
passed down generation to generation
a communal group that views the world in the same way
a way of living shared by a socially identifiable group
Ethnic groups may live in different cultures, adopt elements of the dominant culture while maintaining elements of their ethnicity.Culture and ethnicity
Migration Policy Institute Accessed 12.5.11 http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/charts/final.fb.shtml
Portuguese: dried salt cod, linguica (sausage) spicy meat stews
African: okra, palm oil and peppercorns
Common foods: manioc, rice, black beans, corn, sweet potatoes, quinoa, grilled meats
Feijoda completa: cooked beans, smoked meats, sausages, rice, oranges, boiled greens, not sauce, toasted cassava
Table manners are important
Never eat with hands, forks and knives for pizza
Use glass for beverages; do not drink from bottle or can
Gregarious, outgoing people, family oriented
Opinionated and passionate; this is not anger
Touch and maintain eye-contact
Family and friends kiss for hello and kiss for goodbye; both cheeksBrazilians speak Portuguese, not Spanish
Diet traditionally includes lots of veggies and fruit, spices can replace salt
Show pix of correct portion control – hands-on activitiesLatino Culture -Don’t offer a tortilla to a Puerto Rican
Older members care deeply about younger family members
Build on sisterhoods
Pray for disease – God gave the disease
Women spend money on hair and don’t want to sweat
Need to own problem; not told this is your problem
Halal– permitted or lawful foods M
Haram – not permitted, unlawful
Cultural competence is a developmental process that evolves over an extended period. Both individuals and organizations are at various levels of awareness, knowledge and skills along the cultural competence continuum
Georgetown University: A Guide to Infusing Cultural and Linguistic Competence in Health Promotion Training http://www11.georgetown.edu/research/gucchd/nccc/projects/sids/dvd/view_online/index.html