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Displacement in the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The Nansen Initiative Greater Horn of Africa Regional Consultation. Nairobi, May 2014. Impact of Disasters.

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the nansen initiative greater horn of africa regional consultation

Displacement in the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

The Nansen Initiative Greater Horn of Africa Regional Consultation

Nairobi, May 2014

impact of disasters
Impact of Disasters
  • Direct economic losses from disasters so far this century are 50 percent higher than previous estimates: USD 2.5 trillion
  • Total direct losses in 40 low and middle income countries amount to USD 305 billion over the last 30 years
  • Impact in Africa:
  • 1990 to 2012, average 152 disasters per year, majority triggered by hydro-meteorological hazards
  • In 2012, over 37 million people in Africa were directly affected by a total of 147 recorded disasters
  • 13 million people in Horn of Africa suffered from droughts during 2011-12
  • Overall effects of 2008-2011 drought in Kenya estimated at USD 12.1 billion
why disaster risk reduction
Why Disaster Risk Reduction?
  • There is no such thing as a 'natural' disaster, only natural hazards.
  • DRR: Concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and reduce the causal factors of disasters.
  • Based on Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness -> Resilience
  • More effective in saving lives and livelihoods – and is cost effective (1/4th – 1/10th of cost of response)
global and regional frameworks

Africa Regional Strategy Objectives

Hyogo Framework for Action Priorities

Global and Regional Frameworks

1. Ensure that DRR is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation

1. Increase political commitment to DRR

2. Improve identification and assessment of disaster risks

2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning

3. Enhance knowledge management for DRR

3. Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels

4. Increase public awareness of DRR

4. Reduce the underlying risk factors

5. Improve governance of DRR institutions

5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels

6. Integrate DRR into Emergency Response Management

the post 2015 drr framework
The Post-2015 DRR Framework
  • UNGA Resolution (March and Dec 2013) – requesting UNISDR to coordinate development of post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction
  • Consultations done at global, regional, sub-regional, national and local levels, besides online thematic discussions
  • Regional platforms to adopt continental positions
  • 5th Africa Regional Platform and 3rd Ministerial Meeting on Disaster Risk Reduction (13 – 16 May 2014, Abuja, Nigeria) – first official submission of a continental position
displacement and conflict hfa ars and kampala convention
Displacement and Conflict: HFA, ARS and Kampala Convention
  • HFA:refers to adopting ‘integrated multi-hazard approach for post-conflict situations..’
  • Africa Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (ARS): took conflicts into account highlighting the inter-relationship between natural hazards and conflicts, but left conflicts to be addressed by Peace & Security divisions.
  • Kampala Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons – referred to in Africa’s Position delivered by AUC at the 4th Global Platform on DRR
displacement conflicts natural hazards
Displacement, Conflicts & Natural Hazards

Humanitarian consequences of climate change

  • 32.4 million people displaced in year 2012 due to disasters (98% weather related)
  • In Africa, a 1 % annual increase in rainfall reduces the probability of serious conflict by about 6 %
  • Displacement and conflicts over limited natural resources

DRR provides an effective framework for prevention of conflict and disaster-induced displacement for resilience

africa s contribution on displacement to the post 2015 framework for drr
Africa’s Contribution on Displacement to the Post-2015 Framework for DRR

Relevant Excerpts from the Summary Statement

  • Population movements induced by disasters (fast- and slow-onset) and long-term violent conflicts call for cross-border cooperation and trans-boundary policies and programmes
  • Integrated and coordinated approaches to DRR, climate change adaptation and conflict prevention can reduce the fragmentation of resources and improve the impact of investments.

Next Steps:

  • Consolidation of regional positions into the new global framework
  • Preparatory Committee meetings (14-15 July and 17-18 November 2014)
  • 3rd UN World Conference on DRR (14-18 March 2015, Sendai, Japan)
thank you for your attention
Thank you for your attention!
  • Regional Office for Africa

14 – 18 MARCH 2015