Scramble for Africa
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Scramble for Africa. http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/africa2.gif. Industrial Powers race to colonies. Development in African Regions. North: Ottoman control decline West: Islamic reform movement East: Slave trade w/ Mid E continued South: Zulu nation conquered neighbors.

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Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

Scramble for Africa

http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/africa2.gif



Development in african regions
Development in African Regions

  • North: Ottoman control decline

  • West: Islamic reform movement

  • East: Slave trade w/ Mid E continued

  • South: Zulu nation conquered neighbors


Euro contact increases
Euro contact increases

Burton & Nile

http://www.africamission-mafr.org/mgr_livinhacgb.htm

http://www.richmond.gov.uk/richard_burton.jpg

Livingstone explorer & missionary

http://www.africa4christ.org/Images/Africa4ChristFront.jpg

http://www.unlockingthearchives.rgs.org/resources/images/Life+explorations-en.jpg


King leopold ii of belgium
King Leopold II of Belgium

  • Arranged treaties w/African leaders

  • Monopolized Congo

  • Scramble for Africa

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/39/Leopold_ii_garter_knight.jpg


Industrial powers race to colonies1
Industrial Powers race to colonies

AFRICA

  • Christian Missionaries were the first “explorers” of Africa’s interior

  • Belgium sent representatives to negotiate with African chiefs

    • Contracts were in English

    • Those who refused were shot

    • Chiefs were forced to give up their land

In the 1870s, European powers looked to fully colonize Africa. The map shows how Imperialist nations divided the continent.


Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

AFRICA

Suez Canal

  • Connected Red & Mediterranean Seashortening trip to Asian markets

  • 1875 - Egyptneeded $ so they sold their share toEngland

  • Despite the voluntary sale, Egyptians grew angry & rebelled over foreign presence

    • 1882 Led to Egypt becoming a protectorate

Built in 1869

w/French $

Egypt & France = Partners


Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

AFRICA

Boer War

Causes

1880-1881

England v. Dutch Farmers

  • England dedicated to expansion

  • British settlers in Dutch colonies outnumbered Boers

  • British gained control of area  new language & culture

    • British outlawed slavery

  • Boers left & founded Transvaal & Orange Free State

    • Diamonds were discovered in the Boers

British settlers continued to move north & on Dutch controlled land


Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

AFRICA

Boer War

Outcomes

1880-1881

England v. Dutch Farmers

  • The Boers resisted British victory & practiced guerilla warfare

  • British arrested & imprisoned Boers

  • Boers finally gave up (1910)

  • Orange Free State & Transvaal became part of British Africa

    • Created the Union of South Africa

From Cape to Cairo

Cecil Rhodesvision of a English-speaking Empire became a reality.


Berlin conference
Berlin Conference

  • Free state of Congo

  • Free trade in Congo

    basin

  • Niger & Congo River

    free ship traffic

  • Prohibition of slave trade

  • If claim land, need est gov offices

http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/MWH/Projects/mun-bc/wpe2.gif



Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

The Scramble for Africa

Liberia & Ethiopia were the only independent African Nations


Wfps k12 mt teachers carmichaelg africa2 gif

Scars left on Africa

  • Created problems between African tribes

  • Forced ethnic groups into same nation

  • Destroyed African culture

  • In many parts, segregation & class system based on color were introduced

  • Africa has yet to recover corruption, instability, violence & authoritative regimes are common