Aims and objectives of the event • Aim: to provide detailed information and guidance about the introduction of a new duty to manage asbestos into the Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002. • Objectives: to discuss hazards, outline changes to the law, to work through the steps needed to comply, to use practical exercises, to discuss implementation, to provide information on further sources of guidance.
Workshop outline • Session 1: Welcome and introduction SETTING THE SCENE • Session 2: Asbestos facts • Session 3: The duty to manage CARRYING OUT THE WORK • Session 4: How to develop a management plan (including practical exercises) • Session 5: Summary and implementation programme
Session 2: Asbestos facts • Aim: to provide background information on the hazards from asbestos, the diseases which can result from exposure to it, and how the law has addressed this hazard. • Objectives: by end of session delegates should know what asbestos is and its uses, know why it is harmful and what diseases it can cause, know what processes release fibres, understand how the law has been applied to the risks from asbestos, understand how the new duty to manage fits in.
Asbestos facts What is asbestos?
Asbestos facts Where might you find asbestos?
Other products • Millboard and paper products for electrical insulation. • Composite materials, eg brake linings (in the past) and vinyl floor tiles. • Decorative textured coatings.
Asbestos facts Why is asbestos dangerous?
Asbestos Diseases: • Asbestos warts • Pleural plaques • Diffuse pleural thickening • Asbestosis • Lung cancer • Mesothelioma
Asbestos facts Who is at risk?
Asbestos facts How can asbestos fibres be released into the air?
Control limits and action levels f/ml Fibres per millilitre of air averaged over any continuous period. Fibre hours/ml = airborne exposure in f/ml multiplied by time of exposure in hours. Cumulative exposures over a 12 week period are calculated.
How can we stop the possibility of ill health? By reducing the exposure of people to airborne respirable asbestos fibres.
Asbestos facts What does the law say?
Session 3: The duty to manage • Aim: to examine the requirements of the new regulation and identify duty holders. • Objectives: by the end of the session delegates will understand the new law, know who are likely to have duties under it, have an outline of what duty holders will have to do.
The duty to manage Why is the new regulation needed and what does it say?
The duty to manage Who has the duty?
The duty to manage How will this work in practice?
The duty to manage Once the duty holder has been identified, what will they have to do?
Duty holders will have to: • Find out if there is asbestos, how much and where. • Presume unknown materials are ACMs. • Make and keep a record of the location and condition of ACMs/presumed ACMs. • Assess the risks from ACMs.
Dutyholders will have to (cont): • Prepare a written management plan. • Implement the plan. • Provide information on the location and condition of the ACMs. • Monitor and review the plan.
Session 4: Steps to develop a management plan • Aim: to look in detail at how a management plan can be developed. • Objectives: by the end of the session delegates will be able to decide how to approach the planning of the process, understand the logical steps required to comply, complete practical exercises, understand how an effective management plan can be prepared and why it is needed.
Session 4: Introduction • Duty is to manage asbestos. • It requires an assessment to be made. • Not a duty to survey although a survey may be needed. • Steps required are those that are ‘reasonable’. • Useful start: ask ‘What am I doing now to manage the risk?’ • Aim is to protect maintenance workers.
Steps to develop a management plan What effect will the management plan have on the health of workers in premises where ACMs may be present?
Effect on health of workers where ACM may be present Lights faulty Technical services School Electrician Job sheet Mesothelioma
Steps to develop a management plan What do you need to think about before you start? • What to do now? • Who is going to manage the plan? • Training, consultation with employees.
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Find out if asbestos is present, how much there is and in what condition.
Identifying asbestos • Presume asbestos: - carry out own inspection - engage others to undertake survey or; • establish identity by sampling; or • conclude it’s not asbestos (requires strong evidence); or • a combination of all the above.
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Decide what type of inspection or survey needs to be carried out.
Survey types • Type 1: Location and assessment survey (presumptive survey) • Type 2: Standard sampling, identification and assessment survey (sampling survey) • Type 3: Full access sampling and identification survey (pre-demolition/major refurbishment survey).
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Decide who will carry out the inspection or survey.
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Consider training and competency issues.
Training and competency issues • In house - competent person: ‘P402\S301’ modules starting point • Outside contractor: UKAS accreditation under EN 45004 • Laboratory: UKAS accreditation under ISO 17025
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Prepare for the inspection or survey.
Prepare for the inspection or survey • inform employees • conduct preliminary site meeting and walk-through • conduct a desktop survey • produce a survey plan • prepare a risk assessment for the conduct of the survey • specify the method of recording and presenting the data
Steps to develop a management plan: Step A Carry out the inspection or survey.
Case studies: Exercise A • Assume you are at desktop survey stage on looking for ACMs. • Using information from Appendix 4 and blank table from Appendix 3, record: • where ACMs are likely to be found; • what type of asbestos is likely; • any comments on condition.