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Observation/Inference/Prediction. Observation What is an observation? An observation is a collection of information gathered through one or more of the 5 senses. What are the 5 senses? The 5 senses include: smell, taste, touch, hearing, & sight.

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observation inference prediction
Observation/Inference/Prediction

Observation

What is an observation?

An observation is a collection of information gathered through one or more of the 5 senses.

What are the 5 senses?

The 5 senses include: smell,

taste, touch, hearing, &

sight.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NogsJwRzKEE&feature=fvwrel

inference
Inference

What is an inference?

An inference is an explanation or interpretation of information gathered (an observation). It answers why something happened & reflects on the past.

Give an example of an Observation: The fire alarm is ringing.

observation and an

inference that can be Inference: There is a fire in the cafeteria.

drawn from

that observation.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tPhWF2zPSwk

prediction
Prediction

What is a prediction?

A prediction is a “forecast” based on available information (an observation). It describes what you expect to happen.

What verb tense is used when stating a prediction?

future tense – always

Give an example

of an observation, Observation: It is raining hard.

and a prediction

based on that Prediction: My birdbath will be full.

observation.

types of observations
Types of Observations

Quantitative

Qualitative

Keyword:

Quality

Never a number

Describes things that cannot or have not been measured with a number/quantity.

Keyword:

Quantity

Always a number

examples
Examples:

Frieda is very funny.

IzzyB is white, fluffy & soft.

That truck is huge.

I smell chocolate chip cookies.

There are 13,700 wildflowers in the field.

There are 3 ferns in the room.

Qualitative

Qualitative

Qualitative

Qualitative

Quantitative

Quantitative