Chapter 14. Margin Review Questions. What enabled Europeans to carve out huge empires an ocean away from their homelands?. Europeans were much closer to the Americas than were their potential Asian competitors.
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Margin Review Questions
European seafaring technology, built on Chinese and Islamic precedents, allowed Europeans to cross the Atlantic with growing ease.
Divisions within and between local societies provided allies for European invaders.
The “Columbian exchange” produced an interacting Atlantic world connecting four continents.
New information flooded into Europe, shaking up conventional understandings of the world and contributing to a revolutionary new way of thinking known as the Scientific Revolution.
Colonial empires provided outlets for the rapidly growing population of European societies and represented an enormous extension of European civilization.
More slaves were voluntarily set free by their owners in Brazil than was ever the case in North America, and free blacks and mulattoes in Brazil had far greater opportunities than did their counterparts in North America.
Color was only one criterion of class status in Brazil, and the perception of color changed with the educational or economic standing of individuals.
Protestant England was far less interested in spreading Christianity among the remaining native peoples than were the large and well-funded missionary societies of Catholic Spain.
British colonies developed greater mass literacy and traditions of local self-government and vigorously contested the prerogatives of royal governors sent to administer their affairs.