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Bicycle Riding Safety Group Riding and Pacelines. ExxonMobil Cycling Team 2005. Before we get on the bicycle. Safety Equipment Ready? Helmet inspected & on your head Have your i.d. Bicycle Ready? Tires inflated & inspected Quick releases tight Brakes working Rider ready?

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ExxonMobil Cycling Team 2005


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slide1

Bicycle Riding Safety

Group Riding and Pacelines

ExxonMobil Cycling Team

2005

before we get on the bicycle
Before we get on the bicycle....
  • Safety Equipment Ready?
    • Helmet inspected & on your head
    • Have your i.d.
  • Bicycle Ready?
    • Tires inflated & inspected
    • Quick releases tight
    • Brakes working
  • Rider ready?
    • Obey traffic laws
    • Be assertive & confident
    • Don’t impede traffic
    • No headphones
    • No talking on the cell phone
group riding basics
Group Riding Basics
  • Why ride in a group?
    • Ride farther, faster
      • Use less energy- 30% savings!
      • Allows time to recuperate
    • More visible to motorists
    • Camaraderie!
  • Group riding can also be dangerous!
    • Many riders, various abilities, potential for contact
    • Limited line of sight for riders in the pack
  • A few guidelines can increase the safety
riding in a group
Riding in a Group
  • #1 Rule- Be predictable

“Hold your line”

    • Constant direction
      • Ride a straight line
      • Hold a constant radius when turning
      • Stay off the aerobars

Parallel lines never cross!

    • Constant speed
      • Stay off your brakes unless absolutely necessary
riding in a group1
Riding in a Group
  • #2 Rule: Ride defensively
    • It may be the front rider’s fault, but the rider behind usually goes down first!

Protect your front wheel

  • Never overlap wheels

Protect your handlebars

  • Keep your elbows “in”
  • Stay off the aerobars when in a group
    • You can not ride as straight of a line
    • You can not react to obstacles as fast
riding in a group2
Riding in a Group
  • #3. Be the eyes & ears for those behind
    • Call out when slowing, stopping, or turning
    • Communicate Road Hazards
      • Holes, water, cars, bumps, other riders, etc.
      • Call: “OBSTACLE, LOCATION”

GLASS RIGHT!

group riding pacelines
Group Riding- Pacelines!
  • What is a paceline?
  • An organized, efficient group, designed to:
    • Maximize benefits of the group

but.... It also increases group’s inherent hazards

Why?

    • Riders closer together
    • Moving faster
group riding pacelines1
Group Riding- Pacelines!
  • Safepaceline guidelines
    • Hold your line- be steady and predictable!
      • Riders behind you are depending on your line
    • Focus several riders ahead
      • Do not stare at the tire in front of you
      • You may see obstacles that the leaders don’t call
    • Watch for other riders’ mistakes
      • Follow only as close as you feel comfortable
      • Try to ride with people you know
      • Always leave a “way out”
basic types of pacelines
Basic Types of Pacelines
  • Single-
    • Most efficient for small groups
    • Useful in any wind condition
    • Larger group may break into several single lines on narrow roads
  • Double Paceline
    • Use for larger groups on wider roads
    • A.k.a.: Conversational rotation, since you can easily talk to rider beside you when in the pack
  • Single / Echelon
  • Double Paceline
single paceline
Single Paceline
  • When in front, aka “Pulling”
    • Stay as far on the UPWIND side as safely possible
      • I.e.: stay left if the wind is from left
    • Call road hazards
      • Riders behind can not see
    • Hold a steady speed
      • Watch the computer- it is easy to accelerate when you get to the front
      • Changing the speed by only a few mph can disrupt an entire group
    • Don’t stay on the front too long
      • Many new riders work too long on the front, and are soon dropped
      • Your line will suffer as you tire

Wind

single paceline1
Single Paceline
  • Ending your Pull
    • Loudly state that you are “out”
    • Accelerate 2 hard pedal strokes straight ahead
      • Just in case the rider behind has overlapped
    • Pull to the headwind side
      • Careful not to move into traffic or cross the yellow line
    • Gradually reduce speed and move back in line
      • Allow riders behind to maintain a straight line
    • Re-join the line after the last rider

Wind

single paceline2
Single Paceline
  • When in the back or middle
    • Hold your line
      • Riders behind may overlap your rear wheel
    • Watch the riders ahead
    • Don’t overlap wheels
    • Maintain a steady speed
      • Variations in speed cause a line to oscillate like a spring!
    • NEVER cross the yellow line
  • and most importantly….
    • Recover and enjoy the tow!

Wind

double paceline
Double Paceline
  • When in front, aka “Pulling”
  • Same Rules apply:
    • Hold a steady speed
    • Don’t pull to exhaustion- even if pulling with a stronger rider
    • Call road hazards for those behind
  • Don’t “Half-Wheel”
    • Keep your front wheel even with your partner, don’t ride a “half wheel” ahead

Wind

double paceline1
Double Paceline
  • Ending your pull:
  • Both riders pull off together
    • No matter who calls “out” first
    • Both riders signal “out”
    • Accelerate 2 hard pedal strokes straight ahead
    • Pull to the outside of the lines
    • Gradually reduce speed and move back

Note: the downwind rider must continue moving away, as the line trails downwind

Wind

double paceline2
Double Paceline
  • When in the back or middle
    • Hold your line
      • Riders behind may overlap your rear wheel
    • Watch the riders ahead
    • Don’t overlap wheels
    • Maintain a steady speed
      • Variations in speed cause a line to oscillate like a spring!
    • Leave room for other riders
      • The group can be 4 riders wide as riders move back
  • and, while recovering….
    • Get to know those around you!

Wind

paceline passing a rider or group
Paceline passing a rider or group
  • Overtaking another group
    • Call out WHAT & WHERE
    • Ensure you are heard
      • Mention that it is a group as you pass
    • Leave room between groups
      • Riders may be moving towards the back after a pull, or
      • Your paceline may be angled to the right
    • Don’t immediately cut back
      • Remember the riders behind you

Passing on your left!

getting started in a paceline
Getting Started in a Paceline
  • Ride with an experienced group
    • Riders near your physical level
      • You can’t learn as well when “over your head”
  • Ask experienced riders for advice or critiques
    • If you are doing something wrong, most tell you immediately!
  • Practice with your training partners
  • Participate in an ExxonMobil On-The-Bike Safety Session
  • With riders moving faster and traveling closer together,
  • Think about what you are doing when in line
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Please remember the following:
    • Ensure you and your bike are ready for each ride
    • Ride in a safe and defensive manner
    • Stay hydrated
    • and, most of all,

Be safe and enjoy the ride!

references
References:
  • ExxonMobil Cycling Team Website:
    • http://www.emcycling.com
  • ExxonMobil Communications group:
    • http://groups.yahoo.com/group/emcycling/
  • BP MS-150:
    • http://www.ms150.org/ms150/

Questions/comments: J. M. Wright, 281-834-0992