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ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICTs) IN CLIMATE CHANGE AWARENESS IN SEKE AND MUREWA DISTRICTS OF ZIMBABWE. DTEC: AGRICULTURE. Shakespear Mudombi. Supervisors: Prof M Muchie and Dr S Letsaolo. SARChI -IERI Research Workshop, 12 th November 2011

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shakespear mudombi

ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICTs) IN CLIMATE CHANGE AWARENESS IN SEKE AND MUREWA DISTRICTS OF ZIMBABWE

DTEC: AGRICULTURE

Shakespear Mudombi

Supervisors:

Prof M Muchie and Dr S Letsaolo

SARChI-IERI Research Workshop, 12th November 2011

IERI, Pretoria, South Africa

introduction
Introduction
  • For meaningful adaptation to and mitigation of climate change,
    • Information and knowledge - essential
  • If rural households, communities have access to information,
    • it will enhance their awareness; adaptation and mitigation capacity
  • How do we enhance climate change awareness?
  • There are various ways in which technologies both old and new can help in reducing the negative effects of climate change.
introduction1
Introduction..
  • ICTs can play an important role as a medium of information and communication in climate change awareness; adaptation and mitigation strategies.
  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)
    • is used to refer to hardware, software, networks and media for collection, storage, processing, transmission and presentation of information in the formats of voice, data, text and images (World Bank (n.d.) ; Nyirenda-Jere, 2010).
literature review
Literature review
  • No concrete literature on the link between ICTs and climate change
    • New field of enquiry
  • 3 distinctive strands of research on the links between ICTs and climate change.
    • Global perspective
      • research that addresses broad issues concerning ICTs, sustainable development and the environment from.
    • Developed countries' priorities
      • the emergence of more topic-specific and technical research covering aspects of climate change mitigation
    • Developing countries’ needs and priorities Research
      • emerging evidence on the use of ICT applications in vulnerable contexts and adaptation strategies of developing countries (Ospina and Heeks, 2010)
questions objectives hypothesis
Questions, objectives & hypothesis

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  • Are rural people aware of climate change? If so how much of this awareness do they attribute to ICTs?
  • What is the relationship between access to ICTs and climate change awareness?
  • How does climate change awareness influence the rural households’ ability to adapt to climate change?
  • What are other sources of information regarding climate change that are available to rural people?

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

The main objective of the study is to analyse the contribution of ICTs in climate change awareness in rural Zimbabwe.

Specific objectives:

  • To determine the level of awareness of rural people to climate change.
  • To analyse the availability of and access to ICTs by rural people.
  • To analyse the contribution of ICTs in informing rural people about climate change.
  • To investigate the linkage between climate change awareness and the ability of the household to adapt to climate change.

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

  • There are significant differences in access to ICTs between rural people in the two districts.
  • There is a positive relationship between access to ICTs and awareness of climate change amongst rural households.
  • There is a significant association between rural people’ perceptions of ICTs/ its content and the reception of such information.
slide7
Conceptual Framework: Climate change information and communication processes in the livelihoods framework

Duncombe (2006)

- ICT applications for poverty reduction via micro-enterprise in Botswana.

Sife, Kiondo, & Lyimo-Macha (2010)

-The contribution of mobile phones to rural livelihoods in Morogoro region of Tanzania.

Source: Adapted from Duncombe (2006) who adapted it the information chain by Heeks (1999)

research methods study area
Research Methods- Study area

Zimbabwe has:

10 provinces

11 634 663 people

Mashonaland East province

total population - 1 127 413 people.

total number of households - 309 198.

11 districts

2 districts were selected purposively (Seke and Murewa)

Mash East Province

research methods
Research Methods...
  • A multi-stage sampling approach was used.
  • The data collection was conducted from May to August 2011.
  • The sample size - 300
    • 150 respondents were selected from each of the two districts.
  • Several steps were taken to ensure/ improve reliability and validity of the instruments, these include:
    • validating the instrument(other experts in the field will be consulted to evaluate consistency of the instrument with the desired outcome);
    • piloting the instrumentswith a small representative group of the population
    • training of research assistants in data collection and entry
    • data cleansing (checking entered data for errors)
reliability validity of instruments
Reliability & Validity of instruments
  • Data handling and analytical packages
    • SPSS and STATA.
  • Various analytical tools were used,
    • descriptive statistics; correlation analysis; and regression analysis.
  • Gender disaggregated sample
      • female-headed- 32.1%
      • male-headed- 67.9%
preliminary results
Preliminary results
  • Aware of climate change
  • ICT knowledge & Ownership
thank you

Thank you

Contact

Institute for Economic Research on Innovation

Tshwane University of Technology

159 Skinner Street, Pretoria, 0001. South Africa

mudombi.shakespear@gmail.com

Supervisors:

Prof M Muchie and Dr S Letsaolo