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Manufacturing. Modern manufacturing technologies and processes can produce quality products that enhance the quality of life while having a minimal negative impact on the environment.

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manufacturing

Manufacturing

Modern manufacturing technologies and processes can produce quality products that enhance the quality of life while having a minimal negative impact on the environment

manufacturing1

Manufacturing processes have been changed by improved tools and techniques based on more thorough scientific understanding, increases in the forces that can be applied and the temperatures that can be reached, and the availability of electronic controls that make operations occur more rapidly and consistently

Manufacturing
manufacturing history

Prior to the 19th Century manufacturing referred to hand-made products

    • Artisans were considered the premier manufacturers
Manufacturing History
manufacturing history1

The Industrial Revolution

    • Lasted from roughly 1760 – 1840, and it is technically still going…
    • Machines began to take over hand-made production
      • Chemical manufacturing
      • Iron and steel production processes
      • Water and steam power
      • Machine tools
      • Bio-fuels
Manufacturing History
manufacturing history2

Impacts of the Industrial Revolution

    • Average income and population have sustained growth
    • Standard of living increases
    • Economic growth
    • Social classes begin to come closer together
Manufacturing History
manufacturing history3

It is the process that changed!!

    • The key to the Industrial Revolution and continued change is efficiency with regard to waste, cost, and the environment
Manufacturing History
focus of manufacturing

Six areas that drive manufacturing

    • Cost
    • Quality
    • Efficiency
      • Production, waste, environment, resources
    • Delivery
      • Intermodalism – the use of multiple and appropriate forms or transportation in combinations or individually
    • Safety
    • Morale
      • Of employees and industry
      • Customer satisfaction and demand
Focus of Manufacturing
manufacturing fun fact that changed everything

In the mid 1900s the Jervis B. Webb Co. patented and created the first electronically coordinated conveyor system

It is the algorithm under which a system works that defines and shapes it

Manufacturing Fun Fact that Changed Everything
slide9

An algorithm is a logical arithmetical or computational procedure, that if correctly applied, ensures the solution of a problem. In manufacturing this means the recurring production of a product(s).

A Flow Chart is how we represent this in manufacturing

slide10

Parts of a Flow Chart

Start/end

Input/output

Process

Arrows

Display

Decision

start end

Shape is a rounded rectangle

  • Start is required of all flow charts
  • Some flow charts may not have an END
Start/End
process

Shape is rectangular

  • Process involves the action or the “verb” part of the flowchart
  • Examples include
    • Add 1
    • Turn the motor on
    • Turn the light off
    • Rotate the part
Process
input output

Shape is a parallelogram

  • Indicates that manual operation is needed
  • Examples include
    • Type in the weight
    • Check the balance
    • Time the operation
Input/Output
decision

Shape is a rhombus

  • Outcome is either yes or no
  • Examples include
    • Is this number larger than 10?
    • Does the weight meet specifications?
    • Has the count been reached?
Decision
arrows

Arrows indicate the flow of the chart.

  • Arrows are drawn from the output of one block to the input of another.
  • Only one arrow can represent outputs.
  • Multiple arrows may represent inputs.
Arrows
example

Count from 1 to 9 by odd numbers.

  • Before attempting to draw the flowchart, determine what you want the output to be.
  • What is the first block (always)?

COUNT...

Example
step 1

The output will be 1, 3, 5, 7, 9.

  • The Start block is always first.

START

Step 1
step 3

The number 2 will be added to 1 so that the program will continue to count by odd numbers.

START

INPUT 1

SAY NUMBER

Step 3

ADD 2

why is manufacturing important

Manufacturing accounts for 20% of the US Gross Domestic Product

  • Manufacturing employs 17% of the US work Force
    • When adding in all of the jobs that manufacturing creates, or requires for operation, it accounts for 25% of the total US workforce
Why is Manufacturing Important
what does manufacturing look like today

(ASRS) Automatic Storage and Retrieval System

    • Moves material vertically or horizontally between storage compartment and transfer station or within a process
  • (AGV) Automated Guided Vehicles
    • Computer-controlled system using pallets to transport work pieces to machine tools and other equipment in a flexible manufacturing system
What Does Manufacturing Look Like Today
what does manufacturing look like today1

(AI) Artificial Intelligence

    • Machines learn from experience and begin to problem solve on their own when things go wrong
  • (CIM) Computer Integrated Manufacturing
    • A management philosophy for planning, integration, and implementation of automation
What Does Manufacturing Look Like Today
what does manufacturing look like today2

(FMS) Flexible Manufacturing Systems

    • Systems that can adapt and change quickly and efficiently as design specifications are altered
      • These systems have increased productivity by an average of 50% overall
      • This type of system was adopted/adapted from Japanese systems built off of Kaizen
        • Kaizen – Japanese word for improvment
What Does Manufacturing Look Like today
what does manufacturing look like today3

(JIT) Just-in-Time Manufacturing

    • A manufacturing system directed towards eliminating waste. A management system where all aspects of the system depend heavily on one another for efficient operation
      • This system is capable of producing mixed products as changes can occur rapidly
      • Utilizes and trains workers for multiple functions
What Does Manufacturing Look Like Today
what does manufacturing look like today4

(TPS) Toyota Production System

    • Specifically applied to automotive manufacturing. Is a very specific manufacturing system centered around CIM, JIT, and Lean Manufacturing Processes
    • Is one of the most efficient mass production systems
What Does Manufacturing Look Like Today
what does manufacturing look like today5

Lean Manufacturing

    • Systematic elimination of waste
    • Entire system must participate and work together to produce effectively
  • Rapid Prototyping
    • Prototyping made directly from a computer model
      • Technologies involved
        • Stereolithography, 3D Printing, Selective Laser Sintering, Fused Deposition Modeling
What Does Manufacturing Look Like Today
manufacturing processes

Primary Manufacturing Processes

    • Turning raw materials into useable goods
      • These materials can be renewable or exhaustible
  • Secondary Manufacturing Processes
    • Create Products through the use of primary manufacturing end materials
Manufacturing Processes
the processes

Inputs

Processes

Feedback

Outputs

The Processes
processes

Separating

    • Involves the removal of material to expose another
    • Also referred to as the subtractive process
Processes
processes1

Forming

    • Uses varying forces to cause a material to permanently take a shape
    • Changes material properties
Processes
processes2

Finishing

    • May be completed before or after final assembly
    • Used primarily to protect a product from various conditions
    • Also used to enhance a product’s apperance
Processes
processes3

Finishing / Cleaning

    • Techniques
      • Alkaline Cleaning
      • Electrolitic Cleaning
      • Solvent Cleaning
      • Vapor Degreasing
      • Acid Cleaning
      • Abrasive Blasting
      • Abrasive Wheels
Processes
processes4

Finishing

    • Other possible Finishing Techniques
      • Coating
      • Deburring
      • Conditioning
Processes
production companies

Manufacturing Enterprises

    • A complex system centered around a shared mission to satisfy customer need in a manner in relation to a given product or service, or set of products or services.
      • Professional employment ranges through all aspects of educational background
        • Management
        • Design
        • Finance
        • Production
        • Marketing
        • Distribution
        • Etc. etc. etc…
Production Companies