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Dimensions of Development: An Agricultural Economist Reflects on a Quarter Century in Africa Dr. Gary R. Mullins The Borlaug Institute. Our F uture Role in the International A rena the need to feed 9 billion people by 2050 the need to reduce potential for conflict

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Dimensions of Development: An Agricultural Economist Reflects on a Quarter Century in AfricaDr. Gary R. MullinsThe Borlaug Institute

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Our Future Role in the International Arena

  • the need to feed 9 billion people by 2050
  • the need to reduce potential for conflict
  • the need to do this on an ever diminishing and poorer resource base
  • The Mission of the Borlaug Institute
  • Connect what you do with what we do
  • Motivate you to think about how you can interact with the Borlaug Mission
mission statement
Mission Statement

To employ agricultural science to feed the world’s hungry, and to support equity, economic growth, quality of life and mutual respect among peoples.

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Development in ‘N’ Dimensions

  • Employ agricultural science
  • Feed the hungry
  • Support equity
  • Economic growth
  • Quality of life
  • Mutual respect among peoples

These are all desirable goals. So why is it so difficult to change for the better?

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Beliefs, Attitudes and Human Affairs (Daryl Bem, 1970)

Part 1:

“Nearly every group to which we belong, from our immediate families

to our society as a whole, has an implicit or explicit set of beliefs,

attitudes, and behaviors which are considered appropriate for its

members. Any member of a group who strays from those norms risks

isolation and social disapproval; in other words, groups regulate

beliefs, attitudes and behaviors through the use of social reward and

punishment.”

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Beliefs, Attitudes and Human Affairs (Daryl Bem, 1970)

Part 2:

“These become reference groups. We often choose our reference groups because

they share our attitudes, and . . . in turn help develop and sustain our attitudes.”

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Beliefs, Attitudes and Human Affairs (Daryl Bem, 1970)

Part 3:

“. . . When behavior has been changed, the new behavior provides a source

of self-observed evidence upon which new beliefs and attitudes can be built.”

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies ( . . . small ones )

“I cannot accomplish more than what someone wishes to accomplish for themselves.”

Kinshasa, DRC 2013

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“Technical solutions might not be ‘the’ solution”

Bamako, Mali 2010

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire 2010

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

Juba, South Sudan 2013

Okavango Delta, Botswana 1996

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“Problem must begin with understanding motivating factors”

Juba, South Sudan 2013

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head; If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.”

-Nelson Mandela

Kisangani, DRC 2013

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“Solutions must account for the least available resource. “

(Juba, South Sudan 2013)

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“‘One Health’ is reality we cannot ignore”

(Juba, South Sudan 2013)

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Bird, Human, Mosquito, Sentinel, Veterinary

West Nile Virus:  Texas - Human

Cumulative 2013 Data as of 3 am, Sep 10, 2013*

Cumulative Human Disease Cases by Local Jurisdiction - Texas, 2013

Anderson County 1

Angelina County 1

Carson County 1

Coke County 1

Collin County 3

Dallas County 4

Denton County 1

El Paso County 3

Floyd County 1

Glasscock County 1

Howard County 4

Jefferson County 1

Johnson County 1

Lubbock County 1

Montgomery County 1

Nueces County 1

Stephens County 1

Tarrant County 2

Walker County 1

Cumulative Total Entire State: 30

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Observations, Reflectionsand Epiphanies

“We also have much to learn from those whose countries and communities are less developed.”

Mkgadikgadi Pans, Botswana 2013