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US Civil - Military Airspace Sharing: Collaboration Tools and Trials
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  1. US Civil - Military Airspace Sharing:Collaboration Tools and Trials April 2001

  2. Outline • Background • Need for Civil-Military Collaboration • Special Use Airspace Collaboration Tools • Special Use Airspace Trials • Summary

  3. Background • 1987 & 1988 - US General Accounting Office studies criticized the Military (DoD) and FAA for: • Inefficient use of existing Special Use Airspace • Lack of utilization data • 1989 - DoD commits to develop a DoD-wide airspace scheduling system; FAA commits to develop a system • 1995 - Joint-Government Industry Task Force Report • Recommendations made on Special Use Airspace (SUA) • Establish coordination among the Military, FAA, and Users to improve civil use of SUA when not used by the military • Conduct operational trials to test concepts for improved civil use; examine benefits, operational issues, and requirements

  4. Background (continued) • Develop and implement a real-time SUA notification system between the Military and FAA, and between FAA and Users • Form a Technical Working Group to examine SUA issues • 1996 - SUA Technical Working Group met in August • Military, FAA, Airspace Users, Controllers Unions, Contract Personnel • Technical Working Group met at Edwards AFB, California to observe air traffic management at Restricted Area R-2508 • Operational trial conducted in R-2508 • 1998 - Joint Government-Industry Working Group formed • Military, FAA, Airspace Users, MITRE/CAASD, and Contract Personnel

  5. Background (concluded) • Made recommendations on Special Use Airspace (SUA) in the Redesign of the National Airspace System in document (RTCA Paper No. 192-00/SC192-031) • Examine & promote near-term initiatives for improving civil use of SUA when not in use by the military

  6. Need for Civil-Military Collaboration • Increases in civil traffic • Richness of the airspace • Changes in military requirements • Smaller force, but smarter and longer-range weapons and weapons systems actually increases need for airspace • Shorter times but larger areas • Combined mission profiles = increasingly complicated training demands and infrastructure • Increased domestic training resulting from reduced foreign presence • Composite force training = more shared use

  7. Richness of the Airspace

  8. Special Use Airspace Collaboration Tools • The Internet • MAMS • SAMS • Falconview • SUA/ISE

  9. The Internet • The Air Force’s Special Use Airspace Information System (SUAIS) in Alaska uses the Internet • The FAA’s Special Use Airspace Management System (SAMS) and the Military Airspace Management System (MAMS) also use the Internet

  10. Web page • – General information – Cope Thunder exercise schedules (event, date, time, level of activity) – Airspace/MOA maps Radio • – Detailed schedule information – Real-time traffic advisories Telephone • – Detailed schedule information SUAIS Internet System: Information & Media

  11. FAA’s Special Use Airspace Management System (SAMS)

  12. FAA’s Special Use Airspace Management System (SAMS)

  13. Military Airspace Management System (MAMS) • Provides schedule information on military airspace use for all services. • Provides direct input into SAMS, the civil SUA system MAMS SAMS

  14. Falconview (Graphic to be provided by Pauline Kapoor)

  15. Special Use Airspace/In-flight Service Enhancement Prototype System (SUA/ISE)

  16. Special Use Airspace/In-flight Service Enhancement Prototype System (SUA/ISE)

  17. Special Use Airspace Field Initiatives & Trials • Edwards AFB Complex R-2508 & Jet Route-110 (California) • Buckeye Military Operations Area (Ohio) • CATO ATCAA & Dryheat Departure Procedure (Arizona) • Palatka Complex (Florida) • Brownwood Military Operations Area (Texas)

  18. Edwards AFB Complex R-2508 & Jet Route-110 (California) • Challenge • Historically available from 2200 - 0600 Hrs • Slow info dissemination • Civil-Military Collaboration • Joint FAA, DoD Industry Workgroup • Evaluated efficient use • Action • Improved info dissemination • Improved automation for issuing clearances J-110

  19. Buckeye Military Operations Area (Ohio) • Challenge • Increased airline activity • Addition of new F-16 school • Civil-Military Collaboration • FAA and DoD Task Force • Accommodate increased traffic • Accommodate military training requirements • Action • Full-time Military Radar Unit established for real-time control • Departure corridors NW & South • Tunnel through Buckeye for NE departures

  20. CATO ATCAA & Dryheat Departure Procedure (Arizona) • Challenge • Delays at Phoenix airport • DoD need for training • Civil-Military Collaboration • FAA and 162nd & 150th Fighter Wings • Excellent example of “win-win” collaboration • Action • Special high-altitude training area created for DoD • CATO ATCAA modified for FAA Departure Procedure • 30% reduction in delays

  21. Palatka Complex (Florida) • Challenge • Increased activity along coast • Access 0100-0500 Hrs daily • Civil-Military Collaboration • FAA and DoD Task Force • Dissemination system • Increased access • Action • Limited access trial • Improved info dissemination • Saturday & Sunday access to select GA population • Trial expanded-Fri., Sat.,& Sun

  22. 208 NM To DFW 197 NM San Angelo Brownwood Military Operations Area (Texas) • Challenge • Regional airlines costs $$: SUA circumnavigation • Civil-Military Collaboration • FAA and DoD kickoff meeting • Info dissemination system • Increased access • Action • Trial will include • Two regional airlines • Three automation systems • Local prototype SUA system • FAA’s SUA automation system • DoD’s SUA automation system

  23. Summary • Several actions are ongoing in the US to increase collaboration between military and civil airspace users • Many initiatives have started with small steps. . . the important thing, however, is that they were started! • Some involve simple procedural changes • Some involve simple automated scheduling solutions • Changes associated with more efficient use of special use airspace appear to work best when joint civil-military work groups tackle the issues