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Child Abuse OBJECTIVES: 1. Define the types of child abuse and neglect. 2. Describe signs of abuse and neglect.
GROUP WORK: Divide class into groups of 3-4 students.Fold a sheet of paper into fourths like below.Brainstorm and fill in your group’s ideas for each square. Share & discuss.
Definition: Child abuse is harm to, or neglect of, a child by another person, whether adult or child.
Physical Abuse • Definition: Non-accidental injury of a child that leaves marks, scars, bruises, or broken bones. SIGNS: • Child has unexplained bruises, burns, broken bones, missing hair, etc. • Child is wary of physical contact with adults, afraid to go home, withdrawn.
Emotional Abuse • Definition: Parenting behavior, such as rejecting, berating, ignoring, etc. that causes serious impairment of the child. It can severely damage a child’s mental health or social development, leaving lifelong psychological scars. SIGNS: • Child has habit disorders (biting, rocking), conduct disorders (withdrawn, cruelty), sleep disorders, or behavior extremes (aggressive or passive) • Speech disorders, lags in physical development, failure to thrive.
Neglect • Definition: Failure of parents to provide needed, age appropriate care (food, clothing, shelter, supervision) SIGNS: • Constant hunger, (begging/stealing food) poor hygiene, abandonment, inappropriate clothing from weather conditions. frequent sleepiness, lack of appropriate supervision.
Sexual Abuse • Definition: ANY inappropriate sexual exposure or touch by an adult to a child or an older child to a younger child. SIGNS: • Difficulty in walking or sitting, bruises/bleeding in genital/rectal area, venereal disease. • Child has age inappropriate sexual knowledge, abrupt change in personality, withdrawn, regressive behavior (bed wetting), seductive behavior.
So…..what counts as abuse?Discuss as class if each scenario is abuse and neglect • A girl is slapped for screaming at her mother; the slap stings, but leaves no lasting mark or pain. • A boy is punished in a way that requires stitches. • A boy’s arm is broken after wrestling with his father for sport. • A mother is careless and spills scalding coffee on her daughter, who is seriously burned. • A father burns his daughter’s palms with a lighted cigarette when he finds her smoking. • A father takes away his son’s driver’s license for getting a parking ticket.
Discussion • Is there a difference between child abuse and discipline? • Where do we draw the line? • What do you consider child abuse?