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Bargaining and Intra-Household Allocation of Resources. Dev Nathan Institute for Human Development, New Delhi a nd Duke University, USA. Intra-household Allocation. Depends upon Bargaining power I n turn depends upon Extra-household position (fallback/breakdown) Income Assets

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bargaining and intra household allocation of resources

Bargaining and Intra-Household Allocation of Resources

Dev Nathan

Institute for Human Development,

New Delhi

and

Duke University, USA

intra household allocation
Intra-household Allocation

Depends upon

  • Bargaining power

In turn depends upon

  • Extra-household position (fallback/breakdown)
  • Income
  • Assets
  • Public entitlements
  • Social networks
income
Income

Comparative incomes

and

Types of work

  • Compensatory gender display (McClintock)
  • “I am the sun outside, and the moon at home.” (Chinese factory manager)
  • Outsourcing housework
voice and exit
Voice and Exit
  • Translating endowments into capabilities
  • ‘Feminist content’ as gendered persons (Katz)
  • Power and information asymmetries
  • Institutional features
voice exit and norms
Voice, Exit and Norms
  • Voice – bargaining capacity
    • Information asymmetry
  • Exit – power asymmetries
  • Norms –institutional, not legal, rules of access
  • “Good women don’t own land.” (Nitya Rao)
norms
Norms
  • Bourdieu’s doxa – that which is taken for granted
  • Short-term exogenous, and long-term endogenous (Bina Agarwal)
  • How do norms change?
norm changes
Norm Changes

E.g. women as income earners in Bangladesh

  • Economically superior practice
  • Groups and importance of large numbers
  • Social movements (e.g. women’s education)
conclusion
Conclusion

Bringing non-material aspects

  • Voice (Information)
  • Exit (Power)
  • Norms

Into intra-household resource allocation