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Food Intake, Obesity, and Nutritional Risk Among the Homeless in Rhode Island. Leah Murphy, BA Sekboppa Sor, BSN Jonah Martins Mercy Otieno Jennifer De la Cruz Maria Mendez Melissa Kirton, BS . Homeless in Rhode Island. Tent City, July ‘09. Overview…. I. Introduction II. Key concepts
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Leah Murphy, BA
Sekboppa Sor, BSN
Jennifer De la Cruz
Melissa Kirton, BS
- Social Work
We teamed with community agencies to better understand the challenges facing Providence’s homeless population.
The agencies we worked with included:
Crossroads Rhode Island
Rhode Island Coalition for the Homeless
The RI Family Shelter
Providence In-town Churches Association
Providence Community Health Center
The SNAP Outreach Program (Food Stamp outreach)
“…a person is considered homeless when he/she lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence; and... has a primary night time residency that is: (A) a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations... (B) An institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized, or (C) a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (Stewart B. McKinney Act, 42 U.S.C. § 11301, et seq. , 1994). The term “homeless individual” does not include any individual imprisoned or otherwise detained pursuant to an Act of Congress or a state law." National Coalition for the Homeless. (2009). Who Is Homeless, NCH Fact Sheet #3. Washington, DC.
Food insecurity is measured per household in the United States by the US Bureau of the Census.
source: Alaimo, K. (2005). Food Insecurity in the United States: An Overview. The Journal of Topics in Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 20, No. 4, 281-298.
The participant would then engage in a face-to-face interview with the research assistant.
- 77% of the sample was overweight or obese
- 34% overweight
- 43% obese
The participants’ intake does not meet the USDA recommendations, with far fewer servings of vegetables, fruit, dairy and meats/beans than recommended, and excessive servings of fats.
To address an issue as complex as homelessness and hunger in the USA, successful solutions must informed by numerous disciplines:
- social work
- political science and government
- philosophy and ethics
Alaimo, K. (2005). Food Insecurity in the United States: An Overview. The Journal of Topics in Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 20, No. 4, 281-298.
Bengiveno, N. (2009). “Seeking a Home With No Certain Address.” New York Times 07-30- 2007.
National Coalition for the Homeless. (2009). Who Is Homeless, NCH Fact Sheet #3. Washington, DC.
National Institutes for Health. (1998). First Federal Obesity Clinical Guidelines Released. Retrived from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/new/press/oberel4f.htm.
Nord, M. (2008). Food Security in the United States: Key Statistics and Graphics. Retrieved from http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Food Security/stats_graphs.htm