Optimism and Pessimism “Our thoughts create our lives”
Optimism • Relating to the future – • Pessimism- the tendency to see, anticipate, or emphasize only bad or undesirable outcomes, results, conditions, problems, etc. • Optimism- a disposition or tendency to look on the more favorable side of events or conditions and to expect the most favorable outcome. • Hope- the feeling that emerges from the optimistic lens of a better future • Confidence-belief in oneself and one's powers or abilities; self-confidence; self-reliance; self-efficacy.
Optimism and Pessimism (Seligman) • Interpretation style • Permanent/temporary • Pervasive/specific • Mental/physical health • immune system • resilience • happiness • longevity • It can be learned!
Commercial Break… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cg6Kg_7oMKY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3n4skf4vsQ Don’t Judge #3
Positive thinking vs. Optimism? • What about positive thinking? • Positive thinking is not enough • Positive thinking and Optimism defined differently “False optimism sooner or later means disillusionment, anger and hopelessness.” Abraham Maslow
On Becoming An Optimist • Face it and feel it • Cognitive reframe and its feeling • New meaning and its direction
Our thoughts create our experience in our everyday lives. • When we… • Question our perception (healthy doubt), • Balance thinking and • Seek information …healthy thinking patterns result. • If these skills are not formed well…cognitive distortions take over. Knowing the Enemy: Disempowering thought distortions
Psychological Wellness All-or-Nothing thinking (Perfectionist) Mental Filter The “E” looks a bit crooked. Heheee! Overgeneralization Yuck good…must be something negative here! Always happens to me!! Never, never!!! Disqualifying the positive Magnification or Minimization Positive - Neutral Negative
Psychological Wellness Jumping to Conclusions (Mind reading/Fortune Telling) Emotional Reasoning Personalization “I know what you’re thinking” “I’m telling you it will fail” Should Statements Labeling “I feel worthless, so it must be true” “It’s all my fault” “Loser, failure, jerk…” False motivation