Archaeology I Definitions, Methodology, Etc. Old Testament Backgrounds. Definitions.
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Old Testament Backgrounds
“It is a mistake to insist that traditions – including the Old Testament stories – must interlock with other evidences before they can be believed.” (21)
Bottom Line: A very small fraction of the information from antiquity is available to us. Our faith must rest in God’s unchanging word, not in the latest archaeological find.
These factors usually meant that the same place would be settled repeatedly, building upon the abandoned / destroyed city below. This results in a layered mound.
Tell: No remains visible
Khirbet: Remains visible
Sherds - pieces of pottery.
Ostracon - piece of pottery used as a “notebook” (e.g. Lachish Letters)
Sherds collected at one site in Israel.
Experts can identify the period of the pottery with a surprisingly small sherd.