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Chapter 1 (Summary). Drunken Mr. Jones to bed/animals meet in the barn Major Wishes to pass his wisdom Talks about miserable lives and manipulation/born as slaves Could live in luxury given the resources Use the products of their labors Dream from the Previous Night Live free and happy

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chapter 1 summary
Chapter 1 (Summary)
  • Drunken Mr. Jones to bed/animals meet in the barn
  • Major Wishes to pass his wisdom
    • Talks about miserable lives and manipulation/born as slaves
      • Could live in luxury given the resources
      • Use the products of their labors
  • Dream from the Previous Night
    • Live free and happy
    • Animals vs. humans (2 legged walking ‘creatures’)
    • Once they take the humans they can’t acquire their traits
      • Ex: live in a house, sleep in beds, drink, smoke, $, clothes, trade (p. 31)
    • “Beasts of England” ---an animal Utopia
  • Mr. Jones fires a shotgun and stops the commotion
chapter 1 analysis
Chapter 1 (Analysis)
  • “Beasts of England”- the animals will finally be free from man’s domination—enjoy the fruits of their labors
  • The song words lead to a ‘false reality’
    • (Reality vs. a Dream Utopia)
  • Major’s simple belief is that ‘Man’ is the only reason for their evil (makes it easy for anyone non human to buy in to the situation
    • Idea touches on class struggle, surplus value, and domination
    • Idea is sincere, but it’s only a fantasy—just like . . .
    • Major states: “All animals are equal”
  • Lenin dies just as Major-leaving his work unfinished
  • Ch. 1=Historic to period before and during WWI
    • Ends with great unrest!
chapter 2 summary
Chapter 2 (Summary)
  • Napoleon/Snowball description (35)
  • The Rebellion-Animals take farm and preserve the house
  • Animalism
  • Moses-Sugar Candy Mountain
  • 7 Commandments:
    • 1. 2 legs is the enemy
    • 2. 4 legs or wings is a friend
    • 3. No clothes
    • 4. No bed
    • 5. No alcohol
    • 6. Not kill any other animal
    • 7. All animals are equal
chapter 2 analysis
Chapter 2 (Analysis)
  • Russian Revolution Becomes very clear
    • Manor Farm- Part feudal, Part capitalist = Russia
  • Major represents Marx’s philosophy of communism, and Lenin who enacted it = Animalism
    • Animals=working class (esp. Boxer and Clover)
  • Pigs = intelligentsia (organized and controlled the Rev.)
  • Squealer = Propaganda
  • Moses = Russian Orthodox Church
  • Mollie = Bourgeoisie (Luxuries)
  • Russia began with noble ideas including moral dignity and equality-quickly gone on Animal Farm
  • Orwell’s description of pre-rebellion misery-social inequality and mistreatment of workers
chapter 3 summary
Chapter 3 (Summary)
  • “4 legs good, 2 legs bad” -
  • Pigs take charge/superiority-
    • take the milk
    • Raise the pups
  • A lot of work is done- BOXER “I will/must work harder”
  • Flag with hoof and horn (Russian Flag)
  • Snowball and Napoleon fight
  • Pigs take human ways
  • Socialists goals became meaningless tools used for control
  • 4 legs/2 legs—what about wings?
  • Dog Army
  • Manipulation by Squealer-(p52 or last page of Chapter 3)
chapter 3 analysis
Chapter 3 (Analysis)
  • Boxer’s (People’s) blind faith in the system
  • Imbalance of knowledge and literacy
    • Pigs/Stalin-sole guardians of Animal Farm/Russian principals
  • 7 Commandments
    • Antihuman directive (no clothes), moral values (no kill other animal), utopian ideas (all animals equal)
      • 4 legs good/2 legs bad=not part of the above ideals
        • Propaganda was used to ignore their own unhappiness/shift focus
  • Squealer = Propaganda to control the people
  • Satire – “Good of the State” –emphasizes Russia’s own downfall-pokes fun
chapter 4 summary
Chapter 4 (Summary)
  • The Short Version
    • Battle of Cowshed
    • Medals: Animal Hero First Class
      • Snowball and Boxer
chapter 4 analysis
Chapter 4 (Analysis)
  • Allusion: Julius Caesar (Snowball studying JC’s campaigns)
  • Russian Interwar Period
  • Trotsky: In order for Communism to work, it has to be global
  • Domino Effect = Non communists become communist
    • Pres. Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson used this to justify military involvement in Turkey, Greece, and Vietnam
  • Rumors spread of Russia
  • People fight but don’t understand what their fighting for
    • Their own oppression = Irony
  • Orwell was (perhaps) denouncing Comm. & non-Comm.
    • Mr. Jones = Irresponsible/Neglect
    • Mr. P = Doesn’t do anything
chapter 5 summary
Chapter 5 (Summary)
  • Mollie decides to change sides
  • Napoleon/Snowball argue a lot
    • Each campaign for supporters
  • Windmill plans completed – debate over the project
  • Snowball is attacked and ousted
  • Napoleon takes power (Pig Power)
  • Boxer adds to his ‘catch phrase’“I will work harder”
    • “Napoleon is always right”
chapter 5 analysis
Chapter 5 (Analysis)
  • Napoleon rises as did Stalin
    • Snowball/Trotsky is banished
  • Stalin has his own secret police (intelligentsia) = Dogs
  • 3rd World Country (p64)- Build technology/electricity
    • Stalin first balked at it, then adopted it as his own idea
  • Orwell was part of a Trotskyist group in the late 1930’s during the Spanish Civil War
    • Could be why Snowball is looked at in a positive manner
  • Importance of technological advances in Russia is essential
    • Much effort was put into the overall change
    • As previously mention-Stalin shunned it at 1st, then took it as his own
chapter 6 summary
Chapter 6 (Summary)
  • Work weeks were now 60hr/wk and work on Sundays
  • Food rations were cut
  • Animals eager to take more work b/c it’s for their own benefit
  • Mr. Whimper-Human solicitor introduced
    • Used to obtain outside goods needed (iron, nails, paraffin oil)
  • Pigs now live and sleep in farm house
  • Commandments changed
    • No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets
  • Storm destructs windmill
    • Supposed work of Snowball
  • Snowball is given a death sentence
chapter 6 analysis
Chapter 6 (Analysis)
  • Government Oppression (not just in Russia)
    • Overworked working class
    • Government justified luxuries
    • Propaganda is used to cover up mistakes
  • Governments tend to blame others for their own deficiencies and wrong doings to keep their own standing
    • Ex: Communist Russia vs. Trotskyism
    • Ex: U.S.A. vs. Communism
  • By shifting the blame it is easy to manipulate
  • Orwell’s idea: Tyranny is Cyclical
    • More Power = More Corrupt = Become what is was in 1st place
      • Pigs evolve into grotesque human beings-increased resemblance of humans