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French Impressionists Create Lasting Impressions. Megan Phelps (Marie-Clair) French I Professor Panaccione L’autumne 2012. What is Impressionism?.

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French Impressionists Create Lasting Impressions


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    1. French Impressionists Create Lasting Impressions Megan Phelps (Marie-Clair) French I Professor Panaccione L’autumne 2012

    2. What is Impressionism? “Impressionism, French Impressionnisme, a major movement, first in painting and later in music, that developed chiefly in France duringthe late 19th and early 20th centuries.Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and techniques. The most conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively record visual realityin terms of transient effects of light and colour.”

    3. Impressionism? “…new approaches to art, painting the effects of light en plein air with broken color and rapid brushstrokes, in what later came to be known as Impressionism.”

    4. “En Plein Air” • French for “Outdoor” and a style of painting, employed quick brush strokes • Very uncommon, simply had never been done before

    5. The Exhibition of 1874 • Displayed works rejected by the salon • Artists not taken seriously • Citric titled this exhibit “Exhibition of the Impressionist” and the name stuck

    6. French Salon

    7. Franco-Prussian War in 1870 • War between France and Germany (Prussia) • Effected the lives of many impressionist artists • Some enlisted to fight, others moved out of France for the time being returning to ruin

    8. The Artists • Claude Monet • Camille Pissarro • Edgar Degas • GustaveCaillebotte

    9. Claude Monte • 1840-1926 • Attended Le Havre Secondary School of the Arts • Married Camille Doncieux (featured in The Women in the Green Dress) • Hard life of poverty with wife and son, Jean

    10. Claude Monte Cont. • Left France, due to War in 1870, with family to England • Produced his best works after the death of his wife (1879) • Died of lung cancer

    11. Water Lilies, Claude Monet Notice: • Color (water) • Reflection

    12. The Woman in the Green Dress (La Femme à la Robe Verte) Claude Monet Notice: • Value, Darks • Texture

    13. La Promenade, Claude Monet Notice: • Texture • Color • Contrast

    14. Impression Sunrise, Claude Monet Notice: • Brush Strokes • Color, Grays • Seeing what’s there

    15. Camille Pissarro • 1830-1903 • Married Julie Valley (maid in his mother’s household) • 8 children, 1 (son) died at birth the other (daughter) died at the age of 9. All surviving children painted

    16. Camille Pissarro Cont. • War in 1870, fled from his home in Louveciennes. Many of his early paintings were destroyed by Persian Soldiers • Developer of Impressionist technique “Father of Impressionism” • Sold little of his paintings during his life • 2005: some of his works were selling in the range of U.S. $2 to 4 million.

    17. A Path in the Woods, Camille Pissarro Notice: • Blotting • Color • Texture

    18. Bouquet of Flowers, Camille Pissarro Notice: • Value • Color

    19. Young Women Bathing Her Feet,Camille Pissarro Notice: • Value (light) • Color (water)

    20. Antilian Landscape, St. Thomas,Camille Pissarro Notice: • Value (light) • Composition

    21. Edgar Degas • 1834-1917 • Began painting at a young age. Father wanted him to become a lawyer • Enlisted in War in 1870, eyesight found to be defective • He rejected the term “Impressionist”

    22. Edgar Degas Cont. • Belittled fellow Impressionists for painting landscape/outside • Later worked with pastel (1907) sculpting (1912). Also photography • Nearly blind by the end of his life • Had a terrible reputation because he was always truthful

    23. The Ballet Rehearsal on Stage, Edger Degas Notice: • Movement • Light

    24. Little Dancer of Fourteen Years, Edgar Degas Notice: • Lifelike, 3D • Texture (ribbon, and materials used)

    25. The Song of the Dog, Edgar Degas Notice: • Light • Color • Texture

    26. L Etiole, Edgar Degas Notice: • Color • Movement

    27. GustaveCaillebotte • 1848-1894 • Born to upper-class Persian family • Earned law degree, 1870 • Same year Drafted in Franco-Prussian War

    28. GustaveCaillebotte Cont. • Seriously study painting after war • Never married, serious relationship with Charlotte Berthier, lower class • Reputation as a “supporter of the arts” • Used wealth for hobbies: stamp collecting, orchid horticulture, yacht building, & textile design

    29. The Floor Scrappers 1875, GustaveCaillebotte Notice: • Texture • Light (value)

    30. Pairs Street: A Rainy Day, GustaveCaillebotte Notice: • Color • Perspective

    31. Vuetoits, effet de neige (1878), GustaveCaillebotte Notice: • Value • Perspective

    32. Young Man Playing the Piano, GustaveCaillebotte Notice: • Color (light) • Texture

    33. Impressionism Video • YouTube Video What is Impressionism? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJthUa536Hw&list=PLwA_OE9MY2PcO1KK4hK3CtiiAo0P5Blmd&index=5&feature=plpp_video Merci! 

    34. Works Cited • Camille Pissarro, The Complete Works. Creative Commons. http://www.camillepissarro.org/ Date Viewed: November 7, 2012 • Claude Monet, The Complete Works. Creative Commons. http://www.claudemonetgallery.org/Date Viewed: November 7, 2012 • Edger Degas, The Complete Works. Creative Commons. http://www.edgar-degas.org/ • Date Viewed: November 9, 2012 • GustaveCaillebotte, The Complete Works Creative Commons. http://www.gustavcaillebotte.org/ . Date Viewed: November 8, 2012 • Kelder, Diane. The French Impressionist and Their Century. Passenger Publishers Inc. 1967. Print • Schaprio, Meyer. Impressionism Reflections and Perceptions. George Braziller, Inc.1997. Print