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April 18, 2011 NOTE: Our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on HIV/AIDS. NURS 330 Human Reproductive Health. Office Hours Mondays, 5:30pm – 6pm ST 424 Essay Topics Submit for review on 4/18/11 & 4/25/11 Essay due on turnitin.com on 5/2/11 by midnight .

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april 18 2011 note our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on hiv aids

April 18, 2011NOTE: Our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on HIV/AIDS

NURS 330

Human Reproductive Health

slide2
Office Hours
    • Mondays, 5:30pm – 6pm
    • ST 424
  • Essay Topics
    • Submit for review on 4/18/11 & 4/25/11
    • Essay due on turnitin.com on 5/2/11 by midnight.
    • Hard copy + article due in class on 5/9/11
      • Essay submitted to turnitin must be the same one submitted in class on 5/9/11. No modifications allowed.
  • Turnitin.com
    • Course ID: 3734705
    • Password: NURS330
  • Mid-term
    • Monday, 4/25/11
what are stds
What Are STDs?
  • Sexually – relating to having sex, personal intimate contact (e.g., rubbing of genitals, masturbating a partner), etc.
  • Transmitted – passed by means of, spread by
  • Disease – being sick (with or without symptoms), body not working properly

So, an STD = a disease/infection you can get from or give to someone else by having oral, vaginal, or anal sex or other intimate contact with him/her.

Source: Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health, STD Program

health consequences of stds
Health Consequences of STDs
  • Various Cancers
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Persistent pain
  • Death
  • Other chronic conditions or illnesses
stds in the united states
STDs in the United States
  • The CDC estimates that there are approximately 19 million new cases each year in the US 1
  • There are an estimated 65 million people in the US living with a viral STD 2
  • More than half of all people will have an STD/STI at some point in their lifetime. 2
  • One in two sexually active persons will contact an STD/STI by age 25. 2
  • The cost of STDs to the U.S. health care system is estimated to be as much as $15.9 billion annually 1

1 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cdc.gov

2 Source: American Social Health Association, www.ashastd.org

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CHLAMYDIA

Risk factors:

Unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex

slide9
GONORRHEA

Risk factors:

Unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex

slide10
SYPHILIS

Oral, vaginal or anal sex (protected or unprotected)

slide12
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

Vaginal or anal sex

(protected or unprotected)

pap smears
Pap Smears
  • Screens for pre-cancerous cells in cervix
  • When to start
    • 3 years after sexual debut or at age 21, whichever comes first
    • Remember, you do NOT have to sexually active to get a pap smear
  • Does not necessarily test for STDs
    • You have to ask for specific STD tests
    • It is important to be your own health advocate
  • How often should I get pap smears?
    • It varies, depending on your pap results
    • Your doctor or nurse will let you know
hpv vaccine
HPV Vaccine
  • Vaccine
    • Gardasil® by Merck approved in 2006
      • Provides protection against four HPV types which together cause 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts
      • Three shots over six-month period Licensed for use in girls/women 9-26 years old
      • In October 2009, FDA approved for use in boys/men 9-26 years old
    • Another HPV vaccine by GSK currently in final stages of development
      • Would provide protection against two HPV types that cause most (70%) cervical cancers
slide15
HERPES

Risk Factors:

Oral, vaginal or anal sex (protected or unprotected)

slide16
HEPATITIS B

Risk factors:

Unprotected sex, sharing needles, tattoos, sharing household items such as razors, toothbrushes

std prevention review
STD Prevention Review
  • Use latex or polyurethane condoms (male or female) and barriers as much as possible
  • Water-based lubricants
    • Reduces friction
  • Get tested regularly
  • Reduce number of sex partners
  • Reduce frequency of risky situations
  • Spectrum of sexual risk, depending on the STD
    • e.g., oral sex may be considered low risk for HIV but not for syphilis
  • Abstinence
  • Talk to partners
  • Vaccines - Hepatitis B, HPV
  • Get to know your bodies!
april 25 2011
April 25, 2011
  • Mid-Term Exam
    • Covers Topics 1 - 7 (pages 1 - 90)
    • You are responsible for reading all reading assignments and obtaining lecture handouts and notes.
    • 50 questions; multiple choice, T/F ( 2 points each)
    • Study Guide will be posted on course website
    • Scantron 882 needed
prep for in class assignment
Prep for In-Class Assignment

Separate sheet of paper

Write your Name, Date and In-class Assignment #

Write legibly

Use blue or black ink

Questions will be asked in class

Must turn in your assignment to the instructor