slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 117 Views
  • Uploaded on

A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK. To be presented at ESRC seminar series At the University of East Anglia, 17 June 2010. Jane Hardy (University of Hertfordshire).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK' - marja


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

A political economy of the dynamics of migrant labour in an enlarged Europe: the case of Polish migration to the UK

To be presented at ESRC seminar series

At the University of East Anglia, 17 June 2010

Jane Hardy (University of Hertfordshire)

The impact of migrant workers on the functioning

of labour markets and industrial relations

conceptual framework
Conceptual framework
  • Uneven development creates structural conditions of push and pull
  • Specificity of migrant workers at the point of production in the context of an intensification of competition
  • The role of the state in managing competing demands of capital
  • Individual and collective agency of migrant workers
slide6

Table 1

GDP per capita and unemployment for selected countries, 2004 and 2008/2010

the role of migrant labour in production
The role of migrant labour in production

Reserve army of labour

Extensive accumulation

Expendable during downturns

Provision of labour under ‘special conditions’

Can obtain labour at lower costs and/or increased flexibility

Divide and rule

Increase intensity of exploitation

slide11

The role of employment agencies

Advert from web page:

Specialist Suppliers of Personnel from Eastern Europe

OTTO Uitzend Kracht BV was established in the Netherlands in 2000.  Frank van Gool identified a demand for reliable, hard working and motivated personel within the Dutch marketplace, and he saw an opportunity to bring these types of personnel from Poland to the Netherlands. 

OTTO in the Netherlands is now the market leader in the supply of temporary Polish workers and Eastern European personnel.

Why are we different?We only offer our clients recruitment solutions in the form of personnel from Eastern Europe. Our clients are generally companies, who have difficulty finding, and retaining, production / shop floor personnel.

.

slide12

Migrant workers in the food retailing value chain

‘Picking it, sorting it, moving it, selling it’

managing tensions and contradictions the state
Managing tensions and contradictions: the state
  • Maximise the supply, flexibility and skills of labour
  • Minimise the cost of reproducing and maintaining workers
  • Balance the demands of different sections of capital
  • Involves intensive management of labour mobility and hierarchy of status for migrant workers
story 1 uk home office
Story 1 UK Home Office

‘ there are obviously enormous benefits of immigration…There is a big positive impact on the economy which is worth £6 billion. (Immigration Minister) 

‘The empirical literature from around the world suggests little or no evidence that immigrants have had a major impact on native labour markets outcomes such as wages and unemployment’ (Danny Blanchflower speech to Bank of England)

story 2 uk house of lords report
Story 2 UK House of Lords Report
  • Immigration has a positive effect on the wages of higher paid workers
  • There is pressure on the wages of the worst paid workers
the polish state
The Polish State
  • 2004 safety valve for unemployment
  • Emergent labour shortages (geographically specific)
  • Emergence of ‘brain drain’ argument
  • Ran ‘return to Poland’ campaigns
migrant workers as complex agents individually and collectively
Migrant workers as complex agents: individually and collectively

It is their [migrant workers] humanity that causes authorities (and employers) problems. They don’t only migrate to work. The categories – refugee, economic migrant, tourist, family member, business visitor, student, stubbornly merge one into another, and people impose their own wishes on the system. All of them, apart from the very rich, need some means of material support, but this is not necessarily the only reason why they move, or stay. When I asked a (small) sample of people who had settled, none of them planned to, but most of them did because they fell in love. (Nick Clark)

harvey 1982
Harvey (1982)
  • argues that workers are active agents in trying to manage the differential of uneven development to their own advantage. He describes workers as;
  • creative subjects...perpetually roam the world seeking to escape the depredations of capital, shunning the worst aspects of exploitation, always struggling, often with some success, to better their lot (: 380)
historian james barrett 2000 found that
Historian James Barrett (2000) found that;

‘the existence of separate racial and ethnic continuities could lead to either unity or fragmentation, depending on the role played by important community leaders or institutions.’

labour organisations and cross border solidarity
Labour organisations and cross border solidarity
  • Inclusion or exclusion
  • Strength of labour in sender and receiver countries
  • Rhetorical or concrete solidarity
slide25

World recession widespread job loss

  • UK experience contradictory

2008

  • Employment of UK nationals 27.12m. to 26.74m.
  • Employment of non-UK nationals 2.29m to 2.35m
slide26

According to a public policy advisor ‘The idea that migrant workers comprise a marginal segment of the UK workforce that is dispensed of when times are tough is clearly wide of the mark’ (Churchard, 2009).

Migrants choosing to stay in adopted countries rather than return home despite high unemployment and lack of jobs.