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Commanding the Confined Space Rescue. ICS Incident Priorities. Life safety Responder safety is number one priority General public Be part of the solution, not the problem 60% of fatalities are would be rescuers. ICS Incident Priorities. Risk / Benefit analysis What do I have to lose?

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ics incident priorities
ICS Incident Priorities
  • Life safety
  • Responder safety is number one priority
  • General public
  • Be part of the solution, not the problem
  • 60% of fatalities are would be rescuers
ics incident priorities1
ICS Incident Priorities
  • Risk / Benefit analysis
    • What do I have to lose?
    • What do I have to gain?
    • Analysis: process used to determine strategic goals of an incident.
ics incident priorities2
ICS Incident Priorities
  • Development of strategic goals is determined after an assessment of the situation.
  • The survivability of the victim will determine if a rescue is possible or if this will be a body recovery.
ics incident priorities3
ICS Incident Priorities
  • Offensive ( rescue)
    • Are viable lives at risk
    • Manageable number
    • Hazards are known and controllable
    • Resources are available
    • Incident stabilization prompt and probable
ics incident priorities4
ICS Incident Priorities
  • Defensive ( body recovery )
    • No life probability of victim
    • Complex rescue incident
    • Hazardous conditions still exist
    • Resources unavailable
    • Stabilization unlikely
incident stabilization
Incident Stabilization
  • Ability of each CSR team is based on training and equipment.
  • CSR team needs to pre-plan spaces to determine equipment and training needs.
  • Tactical objectives are based on strategic goals of the incident.
scene management
Scene Management
  • Establish Command
  • Reconnaissance
  • Gain Control
establish command
Establish Command
  • Any team member can be command
    • usually highest trained
    • can be passed as more people arrive
    • need to know the ICS
    • trained in CSR
responsibilities of ic
Responsibilities of IC
  • Make initial assessment and evaluation
  • Establish goals and objectives
  • Determine additional resources
  • Deploy personnel and units
  • Establish a command post
reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
  • Once preliminary information indicates that PPE on hand is adequate
    • Obtain air monitoring samples
    • Assess hazards
    • Patients
    • Characteristics of space
  • Rapidly communicate information to IC
gain control
Gain Control
  • Perimeter Control
    • May need police
    • Barrier tape, ropes, barricades
  • Includes
    • Civilian volunteer rescuers
    • Controlling traffic
    • Limiting access to the rescue area to assigned personnel
gain control1
Gain Control
  • Hazard Mitigation
    • Avoid the hazard
    • Remove the hazard
    • Control the hazard
    • Use personal protective equipment
gain control2
Gain Control
  • Hazard Mitigation
    • Risk / benefit analysis
    • Length of time to implement
    • survival time of patient
  • Factors involved
    • Equipment available
    • Personnel - training, skills, knowledge and numbers
scene management1
Scene Management
  • IC needs to:
  • Analyze the problem
  • Plan solutions
  • Implement the plan
  • Evaluate progress
strategic factors for csr
Strategic Factors for CSR
  • Confined Space Characteristics
  • Hazards Present
  • Rescue Opportunities
  • Resources
confined space characteristics
Confined Space Characteristics
  • Type
  • Function
  • Configuration
  • Construction
  • Size
  • Entry Points ( size, number, location )
hazards present
Hazards Present
  • Atmospheric
  • Energy Sources
  • Entrapment
  • Fall
  • Fire / Explosion
  • Hazardous Material
rescue opportunities
Rescue Opportunities
  • Not Injured
  • Minor Injury
  • Controllable Hazards
  • Personal Protection for Patient
  • Rescue Problem within Capabilities of the Department
  • Distance
resources
Resources
  • Sufficient Personnel ( numbers, experience, training )
  • Appropriate equipment, Apparatus, Material
  • Time to Implement Option Chosen
  • Availability
  • Interagency Coordination
functional components of ims assigned by ic
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Operations / Group Supervisor / Team Leader
      • Overseas and controls all tasks and functions.
      • Directs all tactical objectives according to goals set by command.
      • Ensures entry control
functional components of ims assigned by ic1
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Safety
    • Monitors all safety factors
    • Advises command
    • Ensures correct selection and use of PPE
    • Monitors entry team air time
    • Has authority to stop unsafe operations and override command
functional components of ims assigned by ic2
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Entry: Rescue / Recovery
    • Enters space to provide recon
    • Provides for removal of patients
    • Directs communication with Operations and Safety
functional components of ims assigned by ic3
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Hazard Control
    • Provides proper ventilation of space
    • Provides monitoring of space
    • Provides lockout of all sources of energy and engulfment hazards
    • Advises Operations of above
functional components of ims assigned by ic4
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Air Supply
    • Provides appropriate air supply support for all entrants
    • determines amount of air needed amount
    • Ensures adequate amount of on-scene air supply
    • Advises Operations
functional components of ims assigned by ic5
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Rigging
    • Determines type rescue equipment needed
    • Sets up and manages rescue systems
    • Performs duties of attendant
    • Ensures safety of entrants
    • Advises Operations
functional components of ims assigned by ic6
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Medical
    • Provides medical surveillance of entrants
    • Provides rehabilitation
    • Provides medical care to patients after removal
functional components of ims assigned by ic7
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Additional Functions
    • Research
      • Provides technical research on hazards.
    • Decontamination
      • Provides decon to entrants and patients
      • Manages decon line
functional components of ims assigned by ic8
Functional Components of IMSAssigned by IC
  • Rapid Intervention Team ( RIT )
    • Provides safety backup for entry
    • Dressed in same PPE as entry, staged to go
    • Cannot be assigned to another task
    • Provides at least one for one coverage
application1
Application
  • First Arriving Company: Initial Actions
    • Establish Command
    • Reconnaissance
    • Gain control
application phase i pre entry
Application Phase I: Pre-Entry
  • Size-up
  • Rescue / Recovery
  • Pre-Plan
  • Command Post
  • Hazard control
  • Monitoring
  • Ventilation
application phase i pre entry cont
Application Phase I: Pre-EntryCont.
  • Lockout / Tagout
  • Technical Team Required
  • Decon
  • Rehab
  • Accountability
application phase ii entry rescue
Application Phase II:Entry /Rescue
  • PPE
  • Rigging system
  • Air monitoring
  • Ventilation
  • Briefing
  • Communications
  • Entry authorized, accountability
application phase iii removal
Application Phase III: Removal
  • Recon
  • Package
  • Removal
  • Entry team out
  • Accountability
application phase iv termination
Application Phase IV: Termination
  • Objective
  • Debriefing
  • Rehab
  • CISD
  • Re-supply, Re-deploy
  • Terminate Command, document
  • Post incident analysis