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Megújuló energia világtrendek, 3. ipari forradalom. GreenTech Megújuló Energia Klaszter , 2012. június 28. Aquamarina Szálloda és Rendezvényhajó 1031, Rozgonyi Piroska utcai hajókikötő. Renewables 10 Facts and Trends „ Age of Adulthood ”.

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slide1

Megújuló energia világtrendek, 3. ipari forradalom

GreenTech Megújuló Energia Klaszter, 2012. június 28.

Aquamarina Szálloda és Rendezvényhajó

1031, Rozgonyi Piroska utcai hajókikötő

.

slide2

Renewables 10 Facts and Trends

„Age of Adulthood”

1. Growing Political Support: 2011 at least 118 countries had some type of policy target or renewable support policy at national level (in 2005 only 55 countries)

2. Fastest Growing Market: Last 5 years (2005-2010) total global capacity of many renewables (solar, wind, biofuels,..) grew at average rates from 15% to 50% annually!

3. Increasing Investments: Total investment in RES reached $211 billion in 2010 up from $160 billion in 2009 (GDP of Hungaryis $190 billion (2010))

slide3

4. More and more Jobs: Globally, there are more than 3.5 million direct jobs (additional indirect jobs well beyond this figure)

5. Geographical diversification: RES is not a play of the Rich anymore! China attracted 1/3 of the investment, it was top wind installer, solar thermal systems, hydropower producer. India 5th in wind power capacity, Brazil getting bigger in ethanol, wind, hydropower, biomass.

6. Substantially growing energy share: RES delivered 20% of global electricity supply (16 % final energy consumption) in 2010. By 2011 will be ¼ of the global power capacity from all sources!

7. Huge Public Financial Interest:More public money went to RES through Development Banks then Government stimulus packages. In many countries it is a popular investment for the middle-class savings.

slide4

8. Remarkable Public support: The RES are far the most popular energy producing technologies. (80% in Hungarians supports the RES)

9. Significant technological development: R&D&I Technological improvement with 2 digits/annum. Bigger in size, better performance, growing efficacy and efficiency.

10. Significantly reducing costs: Breakdown in most of RES installation price, in the system price and in the unit price ($/W), cheaper energy production costs.

slide6

Rapidly growing RES share

1. Biomass

2. Hydropower

3. RES Heating

4. RES Electricity

5. Biofuels

slide7

New InstalledCapacity

half of newlyinstalledelectriccapacityworldwide!

MW

slide9

WindPower

Enecron 126

With 7,58 MW (2007)

next generation wind turbines
NextGenerationWindturbines

GE turbineplan

by 2012

High 300 m

Diameter : 360 m

4 MW

slide11

EU WP Capacity Top list: Germany 27 214 MW

Spain: 20 760 MW

France 6 080 MW

Italy 5 814 MW

(17) Hungary 293 MW

slide12

WindPower

World LargestWind Farm

GansuWind Farm

5,160 MW by 2010,

12,710 MWby 2015

20,000 MW in2020

slide14

Solar Photovoltaic Power

Total PV installations worldwide have reached 40GW (2010)In 2011 27 GW newcapacitywasinstalled !!!!Total 67GW (2011) and Italy is the front runnerwith 33% and Germanythe 2nd with 29%

SOURCE: EPIC 2011 and EPIA 2012

slide15
Cost of Solar PV„price of silicon-basedsolarpanelsfellfrom $1,80 per watt to 90 centsduringtheyear 2011”

GridParitybefore 2020?

slide17

Solar Thermal / Hot Water Collectors

70 million households + Schools, Hospitals, public buildings

Total Global Capacity 185 GWth(2010)

EU (2010) Top list: Germany 14 000 044 m2

Austria 4 610 000 m2

Greece 4 079 000 m2

Italy 2 503 000 m2

(17) Hungary 101 264 m2

csp concentrated solar power

- Salt (Andasol 150MW,…

  • Sinteticoil (SEGS 340 MW, …)

Archimerdes CSP againstRomanfleetatSyracuse (Sicily) battle

1968 (Genoa-Italy)1MW

ParabolicTroughPlants (50-300 MW)

SolarPowerPower (10-50 MW)

StirlingDish System (10-25 kW/e 500MW)

FresnelReflectorStripplants (prototype)

CSP ConcentratedSolarPower:

Revolutioninthe EU!!!

2007-2010: 638 MW (98% in Spain)

In 2011:+998 MW

(mainly 50MW ParabTrough)

slide19

50 Yearsof

Hydropower’sEvolution

slide20

Elecricity from Hydropower

Installedcapacity 20,300 MW

ItaipuDam

14,000 MW

Aprx.800,000 dams worldwide / 40,000 over 15m

Existing global capacity: 1010 GW (2010)

Huge Potencial: China and Brasil

100% hydropower: Namibia, Mozabique, Paraguay, etc.

slide21

Ocean Energy

Tidal and Wave Power

550 MW are installed (2010)

25 countries are involved

future of biomass usage in the heating and cooling sector hungarian example
Future of Biomass usage in the heating and cooling sector (Hungarian example)

RES/Biomass+geo

Coal

Oil

Gas

Source: Hungarian Energy Strategy 2030

slide25

Sustainable

BiomassUsage?

Pellet

European Production

European Import

European Consumption

Growing amount consumption

and production of pellets,

agro brick., wood chips, etc.

Forestryin Hungary 1800-2008

Growing amount of Forests.

In Hungary 700.000Ha are empty and useless for agricultural purposes

slide27

Biofuels only 2,7% of global road

transport (2010: 105 billion liters)

Oil consumption growing more than

the biofuels production

Bioethanol: Brazil &USA (88%)

Biodiesel: Europe (49%)

Blending Mandate:

31 country

29 province (states)

Ethical problems:

Food or energy?

2nd Generation Technology ( from lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose – green- or agro waste)

slide29

Geothermal Energy

Sector: 9% growth/year

Hydrothermal (heat) : 78 countries

households, industry, agricultural sector, spa, balneology

  • Geothermal /electricity (hot rocks, EGS): 24 countries,
  • Global capacity: 11GW
  • CHP: Combined Heat and Power
  • Rapid growth in the use of ground-source Heat Pumps!
  • Households, publicbuildings
slide31

Rural Renewable Energy

Problems:

1,5 billion people lack access to electricity

3 billion people using (cook, heat) open fire (wood, straw, charcoal, …)

Renewable technologies are providing access to energy services

to the remote and Off-grid areas:

Lighting, small electric needs (refrigerator)

Communications (Tv, Radio, Mobil)

Small industry

  • Heating and cooling
  • Cooking
  • Water pumping
slide32

Military and Rescue Applications

Mobil, rapid renewable energy mission modules

slide34

Storage of electricity

producedbyWeatherDependentRenewableTechnologies

(Wind, Solar, Wave,…)

Energy Storage in Giant Battery

  • Energy Storage inHydroenergy

Sodium–sulfur (NaS) battery

Improved lead-acid,

Redox flow (vanadium type)

Zinc-bromide batteries.

Classicalmetod

„Money Printing Masine”

A 6 MW NaS battery system in Japan

ngkinsulaters

slide35

Location (transmission) problem

Distance between the Production and Usage of electricity

Stromautobahn:

HighVoltage, DirectCurrent

Transmission Systems

Technology (HVDC)

Existing links

 Under construction

Proposed

slide37

Financial Challenge:

New Financial thinking is needed!

GovernmentsubventionsintheEnergySector (Global)

In 2007 aprx. 288 billion EUR subvention (IEA)

Fossil Energy Support

77% = 222 billion EUR