Megújuló energia világtrendek, 3. ipari forradalom. GreenTech Megújuló Energia Klaszter , 2012. június 28. Aquamarina Szálloda és Rendezvényhajó 1031, Rozgonyi Piroska utcai hajókikötő. Renewables 10 Facts and Trends „ Age of Adulthood ”.
GreenTech Megújuló Energia Klaszter, 2012. június 28.
Aquamarina Szálloda és Rendezvényhajó
1031, Rozgonyi Piroska utcai hajókikötő
„Age of Adulthood”
1. Growing Political Support: 2011 at least 118 countries had some type of policy target or renewable support policy at national level (in 2005 only 55 countries)
2. Fastest Growing Market: Last 5 years (2005-2010) total global capacity of many renewables (solar, wind, biofuels,..) grew at average rates from 15% to 50% annually!
3. Increasing Investments: Total investment in RES reached $211 billion in 2010 up from $160 billion in 2009 (GDP of Hungaryis $190 billion (2010))
4. More and more Jobs: Globally, there are more than 3.5 million direct jobs (additional indirect jobs well beyond this figure)
5. Geographical diversification: RES is not a play of the Rich anymore! China attracted 1/3 of the investment, it was top wind installer, solar thermal systems, hydropower producer. India 5th in wind power capacity, Brazil getting bigger in ethanol, wind, hydropower, biomass.
6. Substantially growing energy share: RES delivered 20% of global electricity supply (16 % final energy consumption) in 2010. By 2011 will be ¼ of the global power capacity from all sources!
7. Huge Public Financial Interest:More public money went to RES through Development Banks then Government stimulus packages. In many countries it is a popular investment for the middle-class savings.
8. Remarkable Public support: The RES are far the most popular energy producing technologies. (80% in Hungarians supports the RES)
9. Significant technological development: R&D&I Technological improvement with 2 digits/annum. Bigger in size, better performance, growing efficacy and efficiency.
10. Significantly reducing costs: Breakdown in most of RES installation price, in the system price and in the unit price ($/W), cheaper energy production costs.
3. RES Heating
4. RES Electricity
half of newlyinstalledelectriccapacityworldwide!
With 7,58 MW (2007)
High 300 m
Diameter : 360 m
Spain: 20 760 MW
France 6 080 MW
Italy 5 814 MW
(17) Hungary 293 MW
World LargestWind Farm
5,160 MW by 2010,
12,710 MWby 2015
20,000 MW in2020
Total PV installations worldwide have reached 40GW (2010)In 2011 27 GW newcapacitywasinstalled !!!!Total 67GW (2011) and Italy is the front runnerwith 33% and Germanythe 2nd with 29%
SOURCE: EPIC 2011 and EPIA 2012
70 million households + Schools, Hospitals, public buildings
Total Global Capacity 185 GWth(2010)
EU (2010) Top list: Germany 14 000 044 m2
Austria 4 610 000 m2
Greece 4 079 000 m2
Italy 2 503 000 m2
(17) Hungary 101 264 m2
Archimerdes CSP againstRomanfleetatSyracuse (Sicily) battle
ParabolicTroughPlants (50-300 MW)
SolarPowerPower (10-50 MW)
StirlingDish System (10-25 kW/e 500MW)
FresnelReflectorStripplants (prototype)CSP ConcentratedSolarPower:
2007-2010: 638 MW (98% in Spain)
In 2011:+998 MW
(mainly 50MW ParabTrough)
Installedcapacity 20,300 MW
Aprx.800,000 dams worldwide / 40,000 over 15m
Existing global capacity: 1010 GW (2010)
Huge Potencial: China and Brasil
100% hydropower: Namibia, Mozabique, Paraguay, etc.
Tidal and Wave Power
550 MW are installed (2010)
25 countries are involved
Source: Hungarian Energy Strategy 2030
Growing amount consumption
and production of pellets,
agro brick., wood chips, etc.
Forestryin Hungary 1800-2008
Growing amount of Forests.
In Hungary 700.000Ha are empty and useless for agricultural purposes
transport (2010: 105 billion liters)
Oil consumption growing more than
the biofuels production
Bioethanol: Brazil &USA (88%)
Biodiesel: Europe (49%)
29 province (states)
Food or energy?
2nd Generation Technology ( from lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose – green- or agro waste)
Sector: 9% growth/year
Hydrothermal (heat) : 78 countries
households, industry, agricultural sector, spa, balneology
1,5 billion people lack access to electricity
3 billion people using (cook, heat) open fire (wood, straw, charcoal, …)
Renewable technologies are providing access to energy services
to the remote and Off-grid areas:
Lighting, small electric needs (refrigerator)
Communications (Tv, Radio, Mobil)
Mobil, rapid renewable energy mission modules
(Wind, Solar, Wave,…)
Energy Storage in Giant Battery
Sodium–sulfur (NaS) battery
Redox flow (vanadium type)
„Money Printing Masine”
A 6 MW NaS battery system in Japan
Distance between the Production and Usage of electricity
New Financial thinking is needed!
In 2007 aprx. 288 billion EUR subvention (IEA)
Fossil Energy Support
77% = 222 billion EUR