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Geelong Revisited: From ESD to EBFM – Future Directions for Fisheries Management: The New Zealand Experience PowerPoint Presentation
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Geelong Revisited: From ESD to EBFM – Future Directions for Fisheries Management: The New Zealand Experience . Melbourne, 21& 22 May, 2008 Jonathan Peacey New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries. ESD but not by that name!.

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Geelong Revisited: From ESD to EBFM – Future Directions for Fisheries Management:The New Zealand Experience

Melbourne, 21& 22 May, 2008

Jonathan Peacey

New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries

esd but not by that name
ESD but not by that name!
  • No explicit focus on ESD; but legislation and policies deliver key elements of ESD
  • Moving to Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries
  • Environmental standards and objectives-based fisheries plans
  • Ongoing management of specific environmental impacts
  • Increasing environmental research
  • Societal views changing rapidly
legislation
Legislation
  • Fisheries Act 1996
    • Purpose: Provide for utilisation while ensuring sustainability
    • Environmental principles:
      • Associated & Dependent Species
      • Maintain Biological diversity
      • Habitat of importance
    • Information principles (precautionary approach – but not quite!)
    • Requirement to manage most fish stocks at or above BMSY
  • Marine Reserves Act 1971
  • Marine Mammals Protection Act 1978
  • Wildlife Act 1953
policies
Policies
  • MFish Statement of Intent
    • Overall Outcome: Maximise the value New Zealanders obtain from the sustainable utilisation of fisheries resources and protection of the aquatic environment
    • Contributing Outcomes:
      • Aquatic environment protected
      • Best value able to be realised
      • Credible fisheries management
  • Biodiversity Strategy 2000
  • Marine Protected Area Strategy
  • Fisheries Environmental Strategy
  • Comprehensive Oceans Policy attempted; deferred
environmental strategy 2005
Environmental Strategy - 2005
  • Assess all environmental effects of fishing; don’t just respond
  • Environmental standards define acceptable limits of fishing effects
  • Social values to be incorporated in standard setting
  • Flexibility in how standards are achieved
  • Fishery managers to demonstrate fishery meets relevant standards
standards and operational guidelines
Standards and Operational Guidelines
  • Approved:
  • Deemed values
  • Management of Non-QMS species
  • Consultation
  • Sealions
  • To be released later:
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Other marine mammals
  • Reporting
  • Allocation
  • Risk analysis
  • Input and participation of tangata whenua
  • Governance and representation
  • Purchase
  • Service Delivery
  • Consultation Completed:
  • Harvest Strategy (TAC-setting)
  • Seabirds
  • Hectors/Maui Dolphins
  • To be released soon:
  • Benthic Impacts

Until the Fisheries Act is amended, standards are only policies that guide advice to the decision-maker (Minister or Chief Executive)

objectives based management
Objectives-Based Management

Overall Outcome:

Maximise the value New Zealanders obtain from the sustainable use of fisheries resources and protection of the aquatic environment

  • Legislation
  • Policy
  • International obligations

Fisheries Plans

Contributing outcomes

Stakeholder Goals

Objectives

Standards

Management measures

Services

fisheries plans
Fisheries Plans
  • Deepwater fisheries
  • Inshore finfish (7 plans)
  • Shellfish/Seaweed (11 plans)
  • Freshwater eels (2 plans)
  • Other freshwater fisheries
  • National Plans:
    • Seabird NPOA
    • Shark NPOA
    • Benthic habitat
ongoing environmental initiatives
Ongoing Environmental Initiatives
  • Codes of Practice & Regulations covering trawl & longline vessels & marine mammals & seabirds
  • Benthic Protection:
    • 31 Marine Reserves (7.6% TS)
    • Benthic Protection Areas (32% of EEZ; 52% seamounts; 88% hydrothermal vents)
    • Fisheries Act closures; Cable zones
  • Certification:
    • Hoki fishery MSC certified since 2001
    • 3 other fisheries under assessment
    • Environmental certification fund 2008
research
Research
  • Total fisheries research: $40 M
  • MFish research: $ 20 M
  • DoC: impacts of fishing: $1.8 M
  • FRST aquatic env research: $15 M
  • Industry research: $1.5 M
  • Some research cost recovered