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Employment and Its Impact on Recovery Michael Boyle firstname.lastname@example.org. Is Employment an Outcome of Recovery or Does Employment Facilitate Recovery? . Is Employment for Persons with SMI:. A stressor that should usually be avoided?
What is Individual Placement and Support Model of Supported Employment?
A Working Life for People with Mental Illness.(2003) Deborah Becker and Robert Drake, Second Edition. Oxford University Press. Oxford, New York.
Bond, G. (1998). Principles of the individual placement and support model: Empirical support. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 22(1), 11-23.
Requires full-time job coaches
Complex but not complicated
Community context 80%
Team and office context 20%
1-1 with client f2f or phone 60%
Gowdey, E.L., Carlson, L.S. and Rapp, C.A. Practices Differentiating High-Performing from Low Performing Supportive Employment Programs, Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, Vol. 26, No.3, 2003.Gowdey,E.L., Carlson, L.S. and Rapp, C.A. Organizational Factors Differentiating High Performing from Low Performing Supported Employment Programs, Unpublished Manuscript.
posters, graphs, cork boards, resource room with computers/fax/phone, networking, simple vocational plans, communicate with family and mental health team, team meetings, speed-dial mentality, job shadows, job clubs, simple questionnaires, generic job application, on the job evaluations, job satisfaction questionnaires, performance evaluations, natural supports, follow up plans
How to implement the IPS principles
Employers were very receptive to hiring persons with serious mental illness when visited by job developer.
Only two of over 100 “slammed door”.
Not contacting job coach before quitting
Cell phone numbers given to clients
-”It will be too stressful for you”
-”Only work part-time”
-”Start at a workshop first”
-” You tried this before and it did not work”
- Management intervention for those not willing to change
-Mandate joint meetings between job coach, case manager and client during first two weeks of IPS involvement.
-Brochure to all staff outlining IPS services and expectations
-Job coaches attend full case management team meetings.
www.samhsa.gov Evidence Based Practices Resource Kits
www.bhrm.org Clinical Guidelines/Mental Health
Bissonnette, D. (1994). Beyond Traditional Job Development
Work as a Priority. (2003). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. (Spring 2004). Volume 27 Number 4.