Prehistoric human society of oklahoma
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Prehistoric Human Society of Oklahoma:. I. Paleo-Indians 30,000-15,000 B.C. II. Big-Game Hunters 25,000- 5,000 B.C. III. Foragers 5,000 B.C.- 1 A.D. IV. Early Farmers 1-1,000 A.D. V. Golden Age of Prehistory A. Plains Village Farmers 800-1400 B. Caddon Mound Builders 1,000-1500 .

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Prehistoric human society of oklahoma
Prehistoric Human Society of Oklahoma:

  • I. Paleo-Indians 30,000-15,000 B.C.

  • II. Big-Game Hunters 25,000- 5,000 B.C.

  • III. Foragers 5,000 B.C.- 1 A.D.

  • IV. Early Farmers 1-1,000 A.D.

  • V. Golden Age of Prehistory

    • A. Plains Village Farmers 800-1400

    • B. Caddon Mound Builders 1,000-1500


Chapter 4 the first people

Chapter 4 The First People


Key people and events
Key People and Events

1300- Wichita’s occupy much of central Oklahoma

1700- Plains Apaches arrive on the Southern Plains

1725- Comanches control western Oklahoma

1750- Osages move into eastern Oklahoma from Missouri


Prehistoric human society of oklahoma

Wichita's were the first people of Oklahoma. The Wichita’s descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

The Wichita’s mainly farmed, but for six weeks the entire village left to hunt buffalo.

Economy was good because of hunting and farming.

They Seldom suffered from lack of food…


The wichita s
The Wichita's descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

Lived in small villages

Generally fought wars for revenge, not conquest

Captives were treated cruel, sometimes eaten

In 15th century, other Indians began to move into Oklahoma.


Wichitas
Wichitas descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

  • Farming-

  • (corn, beans, squash, gourds, and tobacco)

  • Hunting-

  • (Bison, deer, elk, antelope, rabbit, and squirrel)

  • Settlements-

  • (Brush arbors, and Tepee came later)


Example of a brush arbor
Example of a Brush Arbor descended from the Plains Village Farmers.


Wichita s continued
Wichita's Continued descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

Social Structure-

Traced family heritage through the women

Each house was 10-12 persons the wife mother, and sisters, husbands, kids etc.

For advice boys went to their mothers brother not their own DAD.

Children always took there mothers clan


Wichita s cont
Wichita's cont. descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

Religion:

Creative forces in the universe directed the destiny of individuals and tribes.

The “Corn Dance”-

Took place when corn crop ripened in the summer.

Tribal members fasted and cleansed in preparation

Started with the lighting of the fire, the old fire had become polluted as people broke the rules of the village.


Other indians
Other Indians descended from the Plains Village Farmers.

500 years Later the Apaches moved into the western part of Oklahoma in search of buffalo.

The Lipan Apaches were caused to move their villages to Texas because of warfare.

The Kiowa Apaches remained in Oklahoma


Prehistoric human society of oklahoma

Comanches descended from the Plains Village Farmers. became masters of the Southern Plains because of their horsemanship.

In the 1740’s, Comanches and Wichita's agreed to a truce that brought peace for both.

Later, the Comanches moved south and the Osages gained control of the Wichita's homeland by constant warfare that lasted a century.

By 1800- All Wichita's left Oklahoma