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mariette-dupont

Material Flow in the Cell - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Material Flow in the Cell
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  1. Material Flow in the Cell

  2. Semipermeable Membrane • The Cell Membrane is a Semipermeable membrane – it keeps some things out and lets some things in. • Protects contents of cell from outside world. • Proteins are the bouncers

  3. What Materials can Pass? What can come into the cell? Oxygen & food & proteins What goes out of the cell? Waste materials What is not allowed in? Poison and waste

  4. PASSIVE TRANSPORT • PASSIVE TRANSPORT – ways to move material into and out of the cell without using any energy. 2 Ways: • DIFFUSION • OSMOSIS – a type of diffusion

  5. DIFFUSION • The main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane. • The molecules move from an area of HIGHER CONCENTRATION to an area of LOWER CONCENTRATION. • Oxygen molecules commonly move into and out of the cell by Diffusion. • USES NO ENERGY (passive transport)

  6. DIFFUSION DEMO BEFORE AFTER

  7. DIFFUSION AFTER BEFORE

  8. What Causes Diffusion? • Molecules are always moving and they bump into each other. • When they bump into each other they push each other away and spread out. • Eventually they spread throughout the whole area. • NO ENERGY NEEDED by cell because the molecules have energy in their vibrations.

  9. OSMOSIS • A special kind of diffusion • The diffusion of water molecules through the cell membrane. • Water still moves from HIGHER CONCENTRATION to LOWER CONCENTRATION. • USES NO ENERGY (passive transport)

  10. NORMAL RED BLOOD CELL OSMOSIS

  11. RED BLOOD CELL BEFORE

  12. RED BLOOD CELL AFTER

  13. POTATO FISH!!!! • Take out a sheet of paper! • Write down observations of both of your potato slices. • Put your name on both cups • Label one cup SALT and one cup FRESH • Put the same amount of water in each cup • Put salt in the cup that is labeled salt (amount does not matter, just make sure it dissolves!) • Put one potato slice in the FRESH cup and one in the SALT cup • We are going to leave the potatoes in their cups over night. • Write down your predictions. WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN TO EACH OF THE POTATOES?

  14. ACTIVE TRANSPORT • Active Transport – USES ENERGY to move materials into and out of the cell. • Often from LOW concentration to HIGH concentration • For small or large particles • This requires the cell to USE ENERGY. 2 ways: • ENDOCYTOSIS • EXOCYTOSIS

  15. ENDOCYTOSIS • USES ENERGY (active transport) • Large particles are taken INTO THE CELL • Particles include PROTEIN and FOOD

  16. ENDOCYTOSIS – draw these steps energy energy A WANTED MOLECULE STEP 1: The cell membrane touches the wanted molecule. 1

  17. ENDOCYTOSIS energy energy STEP 2: The cell wraps itself around the molecule. 2

  18. ENDOCYTOSIS energy STEP 3: The molecule forms a Vacuole. 3

  19. ENDOCYTOSIS energy STEP 4: The cell membrane closes. 4

  20. TRANSPORT PROTEINS • These are special Proteins called Transport Proteins that are attached to the cell membrane. • They “PICK UP” the wanted molecules inside or outside of the cell and carry them in or out using energy. • Common Materials transported this way: • Calcium, Potassium, and Sodium.

  21. CYTOPLASM OUTSIDE THE CELL HIGH LOW CONCENTRATION CONCENTRATION TRANSPORT PROTEIN TRANSPORT PROTEINS BEFORE

  22. TRANSPORT PROTEINS CYTOPLASM OUTSIDE THE CELL HIGH LOW CONCENTRATION CONCENTRATION USES ENERGY AFTER