Food Security. APF Food Security Forum 13 th January 2012 Stineke Oenema. This presentation. Food Security: definition Global context Right to Food Theories of Change Conclusions?. Definition.
APF Food Security Forum
13th January 2012
Food security exists when aIl people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Nutritional component is integral to the concept of food security
Nutrition security brings the concept of food security down to the individual level
1 B people are food insecure, 2 B inadequate nutrition
Majority directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture, small and land less producers.
Women deserve special attention because they are farmers and responsible for household food security and because they are more vulnerable.
Agriculture is key to food security, however not the only “ key” : Land, water (natural resources) gender, nutrition, power imbalances and conflicts, climate and emergencies etc
Link with other crises: economic, financial, climate system crisis
The right to have regular, permanent and unrestricted access, either directly or by means of financial purchases, to quantitatively and qualitatively adequate and sufficient food corresponding to the cultural traditions of the people to which the consumer belongs, and which ensure a physical and mental, individual and collective, fulfilling and dignified life free of fear.
O. De Schutter
Four objectives, together leading to improved food security:
- What choices should APF make (being a network) to contribute to improving food security ?
- Make food security visible in TOC
- What is the strength of APF with regard to food security?