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Food Security. APF Food Security Forum 13 th January 2012 Stineke Oenema. This presentation. Food Security: definition Global context Right to Food Theories of Change Conclusions?. Definition.

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food security

Food Security

APF Food Security Forum

13th January 2012

Stineke Oenema

this presentation
This presentation
  • Food Security: definition
  • Global context
  • Right to Food
  • Theories of Change
  • Conclusions?

Food security exists when aIl people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

Nutritional component is integral to the concept of food security

Nutrition security brings the concept of food security down to the individual level


Four pillars

  • Availability of adequate food
  • Access to adequate food
  • Utilization (nutrition)
  • Stability/sustainability
global context
Global context

1 B people are food insecure, 2 B inadequate nutrition

Majority directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture, small and land less producers.

Women deserve special attention because they are farmers and responsible for household food security and because they are more vulnerable.

Agriculture is key to food security, however not the only “ key” : Land, water (natural resources) gender, nutrition, power imbalances and conflicts, climate and emergencies etc

Link with other crises: economic, financial, climate  system crisis

right to food
Right to Food

The right to have regular, permanent and unrestricted access, either directly or by means of financial purchases, to quantitatively and qualitatively adequate and sufficient food corresponding to the cultural traditions of the people to which the consumer belongs, and which ensure a physical and mental, individual and collective, fulfilling and dignified life free of fear.

O. De Schutter

theories of change and policies
Theories of Change and policies
  • UNICEF framework
  • Dutch policy (DDE and ELI)
  • Agri Profocus
  • ICCO
dutch policy
Dutch Policy

Four objectives, together leading to improved food security:

  • Increased sustainable production
  • Better access to adequate and nutritious food
  • Functioning markets
  • Improved entrepreneurial environment
Conclusions ?
  • Frameworks tend to become more and more complicated, including more aspects, but basics remain the same: access availability and utilization
  • Current programs of many actors tend to focus on “quick wins” , underlying aspects are hardly tackled
Conclusions ?

- What choices should APF make (being a network) to contribute to improving food security ?

- Make food security visible in TOC

- What is the strength of APF with regard to food security?