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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes. ATB4-1. OBJECTIVES. On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
OBJECTIVES

On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

1. Vertical.

2. Lateral.

3. Longitudinal.

4. Radar.

5. Visual.

6. Runway

ATB4-2

slide3
SEPARATION MINIMA

LONGITUDINAL- expressed in miles/minutes

LATERAL - expressed in miles, airways or routes

VERTICAL - expressed in feet

ATB4-3

purpose
Without the ATC SystemPURPOSE

With the ATC System

ATB4-4

applied separation
SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFTAPPLIED SEPARATION

SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFT AND OTHER PROTECTED AIRSPACE

ATB4-5

vertical separation
VERTICAL SEPARATION

VERTICAL

ATB4-6A

lateral separation
LATERAL SEPARATION

LATERAL

ATB4-6B

longitudinal separation
LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

LONGITUDINAL

ATB4-6C

radar separation
RADAR SEPARATION

AAL218

160C

115 410

TWA320

160C

165 420

ATB4-6D

vertical separation1
VERTICAL SEPARATION

310

290

120

110

100

ATB4-7

faa separation
FAA SEPARATION

VIDEO CLIP

slide14
IFR MINIMA BETWEEN ALTITUDES

33,000

2000 FEET

31,000

2000 FEET

29,000

1000 FEET

28,000

1000 FEET

27,000

ATB4-8A

response item
A

340

330

320

310

300

290

290

280

270

260

250

240

340

330

320

310

300

290

RESPONSE ITEM

In which column is minimum vertical separation NOT being applied?

A

B

C

ATB4-9

slide17
AERIAL REFUELING

FL220

1,000 FEET ABOVE BLOCK

FL210

BLOCK ALTITUDE FL200 B210

FL200

1,000 FEET BELOW BLOCK

FL190

ATB4-10

slide18
FUEL DUMPING

BELOW FL290

2000 FT above

1000 FT above

2000 FT below

2000 FT below

ABOVE FL290

ATB4-11

special use and atc assigned airspace
SPECIAL USE AND ATC ASSIGNED AIRSPACE

1,000 FEET ABOVE

500 FEET ABOVE

41,000

29,000

MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA

ATCAA

31,000

11,000

500 FEET BELOW

1,000 FEET BELOW

SURFACE

ATB4-12

slide21
LATERAL SEPARATION

4 NM

45°

4 NM

Below FL180

7 DME

Minima on diverging radials for DME application (compensates for DME slant range)

ATB4-13

slide22
DEPARTURE DIVERGENCE

Headings must diverge by at least 45 degrees.

45°

ATB4-14

slide23
LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

Same/converging or crossing courses

Same altitude/ flight level

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

ATB4-15

slide25
DEPART AT A SPECIFIED TIME

"DEPART AT OR AFTER ONE THREE TWO ZERO."

ATB4-16

slide26
ARRIVE AT A FIX AT A SPECIFIED TIME

TIME 1320

LAA

V244

V244

N1

N2

"DOUGLAS TWO, CROSS LAMAR AT OR AFTER ONE THREE THREE ZERO.”

V210

ATB4-17

slide27
HOLD AT A FIX UNTIL A SPECIFIED TIME

"DEPART PUEBLO AT OR AFTER ONE THREE ONE EIGHT.”

ATB4-18

slide28
CHANGE ALTITUDE AT A SPECIFIED TIME OR FIX

“CROSS MIAMI VORTAC AT SEVEN THOUSAND, CLIMB AND MAINTAIN NINER THOUSAND.”

MIO

ATB4-19

slide29
RESPONSE ITEM

To apply the departure divergence rule you must assign headings which diverge by at least ____ degrees.

A. 15

B. 30

C. 45

C. 45

ATB4-20

slide31
Same altitude/ flight level

Same/converging or crossing courses

ATB4-22

slide33
MIO

ATB4-24

slide35
a

b

Above FL600

Up to FL600

c

NOT OCEANIC AIRSPACE

d

Above FL290

Up to FL290

e

f

Surface

ATB4-26

slide37
VECTOR FOR SEPARATION

“AMERICAN TWO TEN, TURN LEFT HEADING THREE THREE ZERO, VECTOR FOR TRAFFIC.”

TWA326

230C

121 430

TWA326

230C

121 430

AAL210

230C

121 450

AAL210

230C

123 450

ATB4-28

slide38
3 MI

5 MI

50 MI

40 MI

30 MI

20 MI

10 MI

APPROACH RADAR

ANTENNA

ATB4-29

slide39
EN ROUTE RADAR SEPARATION

10 NM

5 NM

3 NM

FL 600

40 NM

ATB4-30

slide41
ARTCC

EN ROUTE FACILITY USING VISUAL SEPARATION IN CONJUNCTION WITH VISUAL APPROACH PROCEDURES

ATB4-32

slide42
SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

ATB4-33

intersecting runway separation
Runway is safe for aircraft to depart

16

Runway is safe for aircraft to land

Aircraft clears intersection

28

10

Runway is safe for aircraft to depart

Aircraft clears runway

Aircraft clears intersection

34

INTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

ATB4-35A

slide46
RESPONSE ITEM

The minimum en route radar separation required for two aircraft between FL180 and FL600 is ______ miles.

A. 3

B. 5

C. 10

B. 5

ATB4-36

slide47
RESPONSE ITEM

For a terminal facility to provide visual separation between two arriving IFR aircraft, the following condition must exist:

A. One of the aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

B. Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

C. The pilots of both aircraft must see each other.

B. Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

ATB4-37

holding uses
WEATHERHOLDING USES

1. Traffic En Route

Why hold?

2. Arrival Delays

3. Weather at Destination

4. Flow Control

5. Spacing

ATB4-38

typical holding pattern
ABEAM

OUTBOUND LEG

INBOUND LEG

FIX

TYPICAL HOLDING PATTERN

ATB4-39

holding procedures using vertical separation
HOLDING PROCEDURES USING VERTICAL SEPARATION

CLEARANCE LIMIT

9,000

8,000

7,000

6,000

HOLDING FIX

ATB4-40

lateral separation in holding patterns
LATERAL SEPARATION IN HOLDING PATTERNS

V3

V4

COYLE

V5

JONES

Holding pattern airspace must not overlap.

030

045

065

BOLEY

V6

090

OKC

ATB4-41

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