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Simulator International Working Group …for a new ICAO 9625 Document By St éphane Clément CAE’s Director of Regulatory Affairs & IWG Co-Chairman (Aeroplanes & Helicopters) 23 Nov. 2009, Montreal, ICAO HQ. Special Thank You by the IWG to these ICAO Officers. Mr. Paul Lamy Capt Henry Defalque

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slide1

Simulator International Working Group…for a new ICAO 9625 Document By Stéphane ClémentCAE’s Director of Regulatory Affairs& IWG Co-Chairman (Aeroplanes & Helicopters)23 Nov. 2009, Montreal, ICAO HQ

special thank you by the iwg to these icao officers
Special Thank You by the IWG to these ICAO Officers

Mr. Paul Lamy

Capt Henry Defalque

….for their great support during the IWG work and towards the publication of the new ICAO 9625

The IWG work received a Royal Aeronautical Bronze Medal Award last week in London, after recommendation by ICAO.

new icao document can be used now
New ICAO Document can be used now!

ICAO 9625

Edition 3

Manual of Criteria for the Qualification of Flight Simulation Training Devices

Published 31 July 09

http://store1.icao.int/search.ch2

slide5

Why Did We Do it ?

  • Regulatory changes
  • EASA from JAA
  • FAA Part 60
  • Lack of harmonization
  • Lower Level Devices
  • Rotary wing FSTDs
  • New aircraft types
  • New training types
  • MPL
  • No clarity of FSTD
  • New technologies
  • Electric Motion
  • LCOS Projectors

Regulations were increasingly out of step with technology (airplane & FSTD) and with new pilot training methodologies

4

2006 2009 aeroplane iwg effort
2006-2009 Aeroplane IWG Effort
  • Approx 80 delegates from 16 countries
    • Regulatory community ( > 8 countries)
    • Industry bodies (RAeS, FSEMC, IATA, ICAO,…)
    • Pilot associations (IFALPA, ALPA,…)
    • Operators (Aircraft & FSTDs)
    • Manufacturers (Aicraft & FSTDs)
  • Many meetings, many sponsors
  • Industry Wide Briefings
    • WATS, EATS, APATS, FSEMC, RAeS, ICAO, EASA, JAA, FAA, CAAC, CASA

Largest ever FSTD industry harmonization effort

Industry lead effort, estimated 10 Million Dollars

iwg methodology
IWG Methodology

FSTD Simulation Features (12)

Training Types (14)

& Tasks(~150)

Fidelity Levels (4)

None

Generic

Representative

Specific

  • Use Training Matrix to determine FSTD feature and fidelity requirements by training task
training task analysis
Training Task Analysis

EASA / ICAO / FAA training task lists

MPL1,2,3,4 Multi-crew Pilot License

IR Initial Instrument Rating

PPL Private Pilots License

CPL Commercial Pilots License

CR Class Rating

TR Type Rating

RL Recurrent License (Training & Checking)

RO Recurrent Operator (Training & Checking)

Re Recency

(Take-off and Landing)

CQ Continuing Qualification

IO Initial Operator

Training (T) –

The FSTD feature fidelity levels required for each listed task that supports the training objective.

Training to Proficiency (TP) –

The FSTD feature fidelity levels required for each listed task that supports the training objective to proficiency and allow testing and checking towards the issue of a licence, rating, or qualification.

  • Agreed training tasks and training types to support licence and rating requirements
simulation features
Simulation Features

Environment Simulation

Aircraft Simulation

Environment

ATC

Flight Model – Aero & Engine

Environment

Weather

Aircraft Systems

Environment

Navigation

Ground Handling

Environment

Aerodrome & Terrain

Flight Controls & Forces

Cueing Simulation

Cockpit layout

Sound

Cue

Visual

Cue

Motion

Cue

  • Agreed list of simulation features elements required to support any individual training task
slide10

FSTD Type Rationalisation

New ICAO

FSTD Types

Starting Point

IWG

icao doc 9625 international baseline for naa standards
ICAO doc 9625: international baseline for NAA Standards

2010

2003

2009

1993

1996

1990

FAR Part60

Change 2

FAA 120-40C DRAFT

1993

FAA 120-40B

1991

FAR Part60

ICAO 9625 Issue 1 1995

ICAO 9625Issue 22003

ICAO 9625Issue 32009

RAeS

IQTG

1995

?

CASA FSD-1

JAR STD-1A Amdt 3

2003

JAR STD-1A Initial

1995

CS-FSTD A

2010

CAA

CAP453

JAR-FSTD A

2009

EASA

results iwg summary matrix
Results – IWG Summary Matrix

7 Harmonized, ICAO Device Types

FSTD Simulation Features (13)

Training Types (14)

& Tasks (~150)

G

high level requirements for icao standard fstds
High-Level Requirements for ICAO Standard FSTDs

Color legend

Type I

Type II

Type III

Type IV

Type V

Type VII

Type VII

TR, ATPL

MPL4

RE, RO, RL

IO, CQ

(TP)

MPL3

(T+TP)

TR, ATPL

IO,

RO, RL

(All T)

SpecificRepresent.Generic

PPL, MPL1, CPL

(All T)

IR

(T)

Class

Rating

(T)

MPL2

(T+TP)

Cockpit & Structure

Class, enclosed

Generic,Open

Class, enclosed

Class, enclosed

Aircraft replica, enclosed

Class, enclosed

Aircraft replica, enclosed

Instruments & Panels

Flat Panel & Overlay

Hi Quality

Flat Panel

& Overlay

High Quality

Flat Panel &

Overlay

+Full 3D replication

Non sim area

Open

Enclosed

Enclosed

Visual display

200 x 40 Direct

45 x 30 Flat Screen

200 x 40 Direct

45 x 30 Flat Screen

200 x 40

Direct

200 x 40 Collimated

200 x 40 Collimated

None

Motion

None

Reduced 6 DOF

Full

6 DOF

Flt & Flt Ctrl

Class rep.

Generic

Class rep.

Generic

Aircraft Specific

Class rep.

Aircraft Specific

AircraftSystems

Aircraft Representative (Required Procedures)

Specific (All proc.)

Class rep.

Specific (All proc.)

Air Traffic Control

None

Background Chatter

None

Background Chatter

Background Chatter

+ Dynamic Automated Environment

+ Dynamic ATC

Environment

RAeS Sept 09

12/03/2014

12

approximate mapping to faa jaa easa fstds
Approximate Mapping to FAA & JAA / EASA FSTDs

PPL, MPL1, CPL

CR

MPL2

IR

TR, ATPL

MPL4

RE, RO, RL

IO, CQ

TR, ATPL

IO,

RO, RL

MPL3

FAA

FTD L2/L3

+

Visual

FTD L3/L5

+

Visual

FTD L6

+

Visual

Level D(+)

EASA

FNPT I,II

FNPT II MCC

FTD LII + Visual

Level D(+)

Type V

ICAO

Type I

Type II

Type III

Type IV

Type VI

Type VII

Training (T)

Proficiency (TP)

Non ab-initio Full Task FSTDs

iwg adoption status november 2009
IWG Adoption Status - November 2009

More and more countries are joining this adoption

why is this important
Why is this important?

ICAO 9625 Edition 3, Vol. 1 (Aeroplane) enables...

  • Expansion of international standards from highest-fidelity FSTD (Type VII) to most basic type of FSTD (Type I)
  • Reduction of number of FSTD Types (from 20+ to 7)
  • FSTDs tailored to the training tasks for which they are used
  • Clear links between pilot licences + ratings and FSTD types
  • Evaluation methodology for Full Task device (Part 2) and also for Part Task device (Part 3)
  • Evaluation of any type or vintage of FSTD for training suitability
  • International harmonization (effectiveness & efficiency)
    • Same flight test cases, same QTG
    • Consistent training capability with FSTDs
  • Will facilitate mutual recognition (efficiency)
  • Will benefit the pilot training community
icao 9625 edition 3 documentation structure
ICAO 9625 Edition 3 - Documentation Structure

55%

done

Manual of Criteria for the Qualification of FSTDs

Volume 2

Helicopters

Volume 1

Aeroplanes

Part 2

Flight Simulation Training Device Criteria

(FSTD Types 1 to 7)

Part 1

Training Task Derived Flight Simulation Requirements

Part 3

Flight Simulation Feature and Fidelity Level Criteria

also the raes aeroplane fstd evaluation handbook
Also the RAeS Aeroplane FSTD Evaluation Handbook
  • Volume 1 – Objective Testing
      • Revision 4 will align with ICAO 9625 rev. 3.
      • Available since 18 Nov. 2009.
  • Volume 2 - Function & Subjective Testing
      • In draft
      • Available in 2010.
also the iata fstd data document
Also the IATA FSTD Data Document
  • IATA FSTD Design and Performance Data Requirements
    • The 7th edition of the document was published on August 2009.
    • IATA Data Document is the industry standard for FSTD data requirements
all the pieces of the puzzle fitting together
All the pieces of the puzzle fitting together

+

+

= 100%

RAeS

FSTD Evaluation

Handbook

= 100%

ICAO

9625

FSTD Standards

IATA

FSTD Data Requirements

Document

+

+

A coherent and harmonised set of documents