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Evaluation of the Implementation of Radiation Protection Measures for Aircrew. A. Poffijn Dienst Toezicht op het grondgebied en natuurlijke straling. Objectives. Evaluation of status of operational implementation of Art. 42 of BSS Degree of harmonisation

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evaluation of the implementation of radiation protection measures for aircrew

Evaluation of the Implementation of Radiation Protection Measures for Aircrew

A. Poffijn

Dienst Toezicht op het grondgebied en natuurlijke straling

objectives
Objectives
  • Evaluation of status of operational implementation of Art. 42 of BSS
  • Degree of harmonisation
  • Differences in transposition:
    • Choice of dose limits and constraints
    • Procedures for exposure assessment
    • ALARA below limits
    • Reporting requirements
    • Inspection and enforcement
information channels
Information channels
  • Radiation protection authorities (RP)
  • National civil aviation authorities (CAA)
  • Airlines (AL)
country specific information
Country specific information
  • 32 countries (27 EU member states + Croatia, Macedonia, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey)
  • Information
    • Legislation
    • Dose register
    • National practice
overview replies
Overview replies
  • Replies from 17 CAA, 16 RPA and 12 AL
replies airlines
Replies airlines
  • 12 AL replies OUT of 77 contacted
  • For Belgium SN, TNT and EAT contacted…

… No one did reply

methods for dose assessment
Methods for dose assessment
  • Dose calculation by software packages
  • CARI 6 and EPCARD most frequently used
  • Rarely pre-calculated tables for flight schedules
  • Only a few airplanes (in Germany) equipped with on-board measurement equipment
dose registration
Dose registration
  • No registration for frequent flyers
  • No uniform way of information on doses to personnel
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Appropriate legislation implemented
  • Harmonisation:

Need for guidance:

    • Treatment of dose limits and constraints
    • Employment of freelancers
    • Crew members working for different airlines

(future) Important role for EASA

remark on easa and harmonisation
Remark on EASA and harmonisation
  • Regulation EC 216/2008: uniform application of common rules

But…

No evidence in respect to cosmic radiation !