Rules of Capitalization By: Marcos Rubio
What is capitalization? Capitalization is using an upper-case letter at the start of a word under specific circumstances. When we write don’t think twice about capitalizing. After years in school, doing so has become a second habit for us. There are multiple instances in which we need to capitalize, some of which we are familiar with, others are more obscure and less often used. • Some instances in which we use capitalization are: • At the beginning of a new sentence • When addressing a proper noun • When you capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence. • When you use a title in a direct address • And when you use words derived from proper nouns
Example 1: Capitalization at the beginning of a sentence… At the beginning of every sentence we are supposed to capitalize the first letter of the first word. Here are some examples: we are in school right now. Here, the word ‘we’ denotes the beginning of a new sentence, thus requiring a capitalized word. We are in school right now. Here the word ‘We’ is capitalized the way it should be at the beginning of a sentence. This would be the correct way to write the sentence.
Example 2: When using a proper noun… My favorite television character is greg sanders. In this sentence, ‘greg sanders’ is a proper noun (a person, place, or thing) and refers to a specific person. Since it’s a proper noun, and not a common noun, it needs to be capitalized. My favorite television character is Greg Sanders. ‘Greg Sanders’ is a specific person, which means that it’s a proper noun. Since it’s a proper noun it needs to be capitalized. This is the correct way to write the sentence.
Example 3: Capitalizing the first word of a quoted sentence… “good job pal.” said Grissom. “you get the guest list. Check for ‘CM’s’” In this sentence, we have a phrase in quotes. This quoted phrase is basically another sentence, and as such should be capitalized. “Good job pal.” said Grissom. “You get the guest list. Check for ‘CM’s’” In this sentence ‘Good’ and ‘You’ is capitalized. This is the correct way to write this phrase.