Immigration Consequences at Sentencing. Peter Edelmann.
The severity of deportation—"the equivalent of banishment or exile," [...] only underscores how critical it is for counsel to inform her noncitizen client that he faces a risk of deportation. It is our responsibility under the Constitution to ensure that no criminal defendant—whether a citizen or not—is left to the "mercies of incompetent counsel." [...] To satisfy this responsibility, we now hold that counsel must inform her client whether his plea carries a risk of deportation.
Padilla v. Kentucky, 130 S. Ct. 1473 – 2010.
It is to be hoped that in future, the record will demonstrate adequate consideration of the immigration consequences of any sentence to be imposed. It is perhaps not too much to ask the Crown to address these matters before the sentencing judge in the event that defence counsel fails to do so.
R. v. Martinez-Marte, 2008 BCCA 136.
36 [...] (2) A foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of criminality for (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by way of indictment, or of two offences under any Act of Parliament not arising out of a single occurrence;
36 (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality for (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years, or[…] for which a term of imprisonment of more than six months has been imposed;
36.(3) (a) an offence that may be prosecuted either summarily or by way of indictment is deemed to be an indictable offence, even if it has been prosecuted summarily;
Bill C-43 – change to legislation
Cannot apply for residency if convicted of indictable offence in previous three years (hybrids not deemed indictable in Citizenship Act)
Periods which will not count towards residency include while: