diabetes mellitus lora stowitzky n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Diabetes Mellitus Lora Stowitzky PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Diabetes Mellitus Lora Stowitzky

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21

Diabetes Mellitus Lora Stowitzky - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 93 Views
  • Uploaded on

Diabetes Mellitus Lora Stowitzky. Statistics. Affects 23.6 million people in the U.S. - Diagnosed: 17.9 million people - Undiagnosed: 5.7 million people 7th leading cause of death in the U.S (2006). What is Diabetes?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Diabetes Mellitus Lora Stowitzky' - marge


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
statistics
Statistics
  • Affects 23.6 million people in the U.S.

- Diagnosed: 17.9 million people

- Undiagnosed: 5.7 million people

  • 7th leading cause of death in the U.S

(2006)

what is diabetes
What is Diabetes?
  • A chronic disease in which the body can not properly use or make insulin.
  • Insulin- a hormone made in the pancrease that turns sugar (glucose) into energy for the body to use
what happens without insulin
What happens without insulin?

Lack of insulin

Build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia)

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

symptoms
Symptoms
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme hunger

- Cells are starved for energy

  • Unexplained weight loss

- Insulin can not trigger the storage of fat

  • Fatigue
  • Delayed wound healing
type i diabetes mellitus
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
  • Juvenile diabetes
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • The body destroys the cells that make the insulin
  • Thus, the body can no longer produce insulin
type i diabetes mellitus1
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
  • Usually diagnosed in children & young adults ( <30 years old)
  • 5-10% of diabetics
type i diabetes mellitus2
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
  • RISK factors:

- Genetics

- Autoimmune history

  • Type I is not preventable
type i treatment
Type I Treatment
  • Glucose monitoring often
  • Insulin injections
  • Exercise
  • Diet
  • Follow up with doctor
  • Educate yourself!
type ii diabetes mellitus
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Body makes insulin but most cells do not use insulin properly
  • Insulin resistance
  • Slowly, the pancreas stops making insulin.
type ii diabetes mellitus1
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • 90-95 % of diabetics
  • RISK factors

- Older age

- Family history

- Obesity

- Physical Inactivity

- Race and Ethnicity

type ii risk factors
Type II Risk Factors
  • Obesity & Inactivity

- Studies find a relationship between

weight/activity level and Type II

- Seeing an increase in Type II

diabetes in children

type ii diabetes mellitus2
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • Race & Ethnicity

- African Americans

- Hispanic/Latino Americans

- American Indians

- Asian Americans

- Pacific Islanders

type ii prevention
Type II Prevention
  • If have risk factors, prevent or delay the onset of Type II…

- Healthy diet

- Moderately intense exercise

(walking 2 1/2 hours each week)

type ii treatment
Type II Treatment
  • Goal: Control blood sugar (glucose)

- Glucose monitoring often

- Oral medicine / Insulin injections

- Diet

- Exercise / Weight management

- Follow up with doctor

- Educate yourself!

diet carb counting
Diet - Carb Counting
  • Carbohydrates raise blood glucose levels
  • Keep track of how many carbs you eat and set a limit for yourself
  • Limit depends on your activity level and medications
  • Talk to your doctor!
diet create your plate
Diet - Create your plate
  • Divide plate into 3 sections

- Large section - non-starch veggies

(spinach, cabbage, mushrooms)

- Small section - starch

(potatoes, whole grain breads)

- Small section - meat

(turkey, tuna, lean pork)

diet individualized
Diet - Individualized
  • No one diet is appropriate for every diabetic person
  • Work with your doctor to come up with a diet that is right for your situation
complications of diabetes
Complications of Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Blindness
  • Kidney damage
  • Diabetic neuropathy / nerve damage
  • Prevent complications by managing your glucose level, diet, and activity!
diabetes awareness
Diabetes Awareness
  • November is American Diabetes Month
  • November 14 is World Diabetes Day

For more information:

www.cdc.gov

www.diabetes.org

www.ndep.nih.gov

websites
Websites
  • http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/consumer/index.htm
  • http://www.emedicinehealth.com/diabetes/article_em.htm#Diabetes%20Overview
  • http://www.diabetes.org/