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  1. Today’s PPT file & Exercises… Go to http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/socituts 1 Go to desktop & open file 3. Open & save these files to desktop 2

  2. SC2205 Library Session The Research Process Sociology Resource Librarians: Hayati Abdul clbha@nus.edu.sg Umarani Jayapal clbuj@nus.edu.sg

  3. Learning Goals At the end of the session, you will learn how to: • Locate information in various content types • Define and refine a topic and search for information related to that topic • Evaluate information and its sources • Use information responsibly.

  4. The Research Cycle 1. 2. • Explore • background information NO 6. • Enough sources? YES 3. 5. 4.

  5. 1. Research Topic

  6. 2. Explore Background Information • Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, etc. • Provide an overview of a subject • Selected bibliographies or reference lists found at the end of each chapter serves as an instant "shopping list" of the best and most relevant sources on your topic.

  7. The Research Cycle 1. 2. Explore background information NO 6. Enough sources? YES 3. 5 . 4.

  8. 3. Find your Sources - Journal articles- Books- Book chapters… - FindMore - Sociological Abstracts - Search Strategy

  9. 3.1. Prepare a Search Strategy Topic Filial piety and intergenerational relationships in contemporary Singapore family Keywords AND • family

  10. Boolean Operators AND: both terms must be present  fewer results OR: either terms may be present  more results NOT: exclude a term  use with caution • Video: Search smart using Boolean operatorsAcknowledgements: Singapore Polytechnic Library

  11. Exercise on Search Strategy Shifting gender roles in the dual income family Topic Keywords AND Think of related terms – e.g. (dual income OR dual earner)

  12. Exercise on Search Strategy When you’re a parent… AGAIN! Grandfathers and the impact of raising grandchildren Topic Keywords Grandparents AND Grandchildren

  13. Exercise on Search Strategy The ‘Try Before You Buy Couple’ : attitudes and values towards cohabitational unions Topic Keywords Values AND Cohabitation

  14. Exercise on Search Strategy How has the emergence of online dating changed the dynamics of mate selection? Topic Keywords AND

  15. 3.1 Search for Sources in • FINDMORE • Searches LINC & more • Covers books, eBooks, journal articles, newspaper articles, online thesis & more • Covers most but not 100% of our articles & E-Resources • LINC • Good for known item search • Covers books, DVDs, music scores • Cannot be used for journal or newspaper articles By topic online dating mate selection

  16. FindMore Search Results Explore Refineby… Select to view full text

  17. 3.3. Types of Sources (Content Types)

  18. View Full Text

  19. Refine by Book/e-Book

  20. Refine by Publication date Select to view full record of print book or E-book Refineby…

  21. Remember book details! Call number

  22. On the shelves… Call numbers : • Help to determine a book's placement (address) on the shelves • Collocate books on the same subject • Consists of letters and numbers based on the subject, author's name and publication date HQ801 Ben 2004 Call number HQ801 Ben 2004

  23. View E-Book Select to read E-book

  24. Search for Journal article in FindMore Search by article level Publication year Author Article title • Sun, Shirley Hsiao-Li. 2012. “Care expectations, mismatched: state and family in contemporary Singapore." International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 32(11-12):650-63. Source title Pages Volume (issue no)

  25. Save and Output Records in FindMore Select to output results Click to save records Click to save records Marked records auto-saved in folder

  26. Format Record in Preferred Style

  27. Introduction to EndNote • A software that: • stores and organizes citations • inserts citations into a Word document • format references in a predefined citation style • For technical queries (e.g. installation),contact IT Care at 6516 2080 or email itcare@nus.edu.sg • Online guide: http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/endnote

  28. Advanced Search: Limit by… Click to go to Advanced Search mode Combine terms with… Limit by specific fields

  29. Advanced Search: Limit by Publication Title Limit by specific fields Combine terms with…

  30. The Research Cycle 1. 2. Explore background information NO 6. Enough sources? YES 3. 5. 4.

  31. Evaluating Sources : CRAAP Test Acknowledgements: Western University

  32. Evaluating Resources (CRAAP Test) Currency • When was the information published, updated or revised? • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well? Relevance (for intended audience) • Is it relevant to your topic/subject? Authority • Is it from a reputable publisher, society or association. Look at the author’s credentials & institutional affiliation. Accuracy • Does your source match your understanding of the topic? • Can you verify the claims in other sources? • Is there a bibliography or list of sources cited? Purpose • Is there a range of viewpoints to support or reinforce the arguments presented? Are the arguments comprehensive?

  33. Sociological Abstracts • Specialised database for Sociology and related disciplines from 1952- • Subjects: • Culture and social structure; Evaluation research, Family and social welfare; History and theory of sociology; Management and complex organizations; Methodology and research technology… • User friendly features in Advanced Search mode • Provides links to full-texts

  34. Search Sociological Abstracts Shifting gender roles in the dual income family Topic Keywords AND Think of related terms – e.g. (dual income OR dual earner)

  35. Advanced Search Enter search terms Combine terms with Search by specific fields Refine by…

  36. Refine Results… (Search Within) 2 1 Output records 3 Click to access full-text Mark records

  37. E-Newspaper: Factiva Covers major national & international newspapers including the Wall Street Journal, Financial Times & the Straits Times. Includes selected full texts & abstracts of newswires, industry publications, websites, company reports … Either search by newspaper title or by region To access Factiva:

  38. Factiva Search Results Select to view full text on right panel Refine by…

  39. FindMore vs. Specialised Databases Q: When should I use FindMore? How does it compare to specialized databases? A: The main strength of FindMore: • It combines a Google-like search that allows you to search through the bulk of our collection with one search. • It can be a good starting point for a quick search to see what is available out there particularly if you are unsure what specialised database to use with your topic A: Specialised databases: • They may include results not found in FindMore • They provide more focused results.

  40. The Research Cycle 1. 2. Explore background information NO 6. Enough sources? YES 3. 5. 4.

  41. 5. Why you must cite your sources? Click here for ASA Style guide

  42. Avoid Plagiarism: Cite your sources Acknowledgement: Sheridan Library

  43. American Sociological Association (ASA) Style

  44. Author Article title Year Pages Journal title Volume Citing in ASA Style • Journal article Ramdas, Kamalini. 2012. "Women in waiting? Singlehood, marriage, and family in Singapore." Environment & Planning A 44:832-848. In-text: … (Ramdas 2012) Reference list: Ramdas, Kamalini. 2012. "Women in waiting? Singlehood, marriage,and family in Singapore." Environment & Planning A 44:832.

  45. Book title Author Year Publisher Citing in ASA Style • Book • Teo, Youyenn. 2011. Neoliberal morality in Singapore: how family policies make state and society. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Place of Publication In-text: ... (Teo 2011). Reference list: Teo, Youyenn. 2011. Neoliberal morality in Singapore: how family policies make state and society. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

  46. Citing in ASA Style • Edited book Book editors Jones, Gavin W., Terence H. Hull, and Maznah Mohamad, eds. 2011. Changing marriage patterns in Southeast Asia: economic and socio-cultural dimensions. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Book title Publication year Publisher Place of publication In-text: …(Jones, Hull, and Mohamad 2011) Reference list: Jones, Gavin W., Terence H. Hull, and Maznah Mohamad eds. 2011. Changing marriage patterns in Southeast Asia: economic and socio-cultural dimensions. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

  47. Citing in ASA Style Publication year Authors of book chapter • Book chapter Book chapter Braver, Sanford L. and William A. Griffin. 2011. "Engaging fathers in the post-divorce family." Pp. 247-268 in Fatherhood : research, interventions and policies edited by H. E. Peters and R. D. Day. New York: Haworth Press. Source title Pages Source editors Place of publication Publisher In-text: …(Braver and Griffin 2011) Reference list: Braver, Sanford L. and William A. Griffin. 2011. "Engaging fathers in the post-divorce family." Pp. 247-268 in Fatherhood : research, interventions and policies edited by H. E. Peters and R. D. Day. New York: Haworth Press.

  48. The Research Cycle 1. 2. Explore background information NO 6. Enough sources? YES 3. 5. 4.