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Schwartz Business Society Clothing Sale. On Sale in the Schwartz Lobby until January 22 nd New items and styles this year. Sweatpants - Crew Necks - T-Shirts - Mittens. Check out The Daily Schwartz on Facebook to view the items and get a chance to win a crew neck sweatshirt! .

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Schwartz business society clothing sale

Schwartz Business SocietyClothing Sale

On Sale in the Schwartz Lobby until January 22nd

  • New items and styles this year

Sweatpants - Crew Necks - T-Shirts - Mittens

Check out The Daily Schwartz on Facebook to view the items and get a chance to win a crew neck sweatshirt!

Branding and positioning

Brandingand Positioning

Chapter 2

What is branding
What is Branding?

  • Assigning a name, phrase, design, symbols or a combination of these to a product, service, or a group of complimentary products

Discussion Points:

  • How important are brand names?

  • How important are brand names for clothes? Why?

  • What additional product categories are brand names important?

  • What product categories are brand names not important?

Brand value customer perspective
Brand Value – Customer Perspective

  • Provides quality assurance in purchase decisions

  • Reduces search time in purchase decisions

  • Provides psychological reinforcement and social acceptance of purchases

Brand value company perspective
Brand Value – Company Perspective

A strong brand can generate many benefits including:

  • Positive customer feelings to new products and services

  • Allows a company to charge more (if the brand is recognized and respected)

  • Customer loyalty which may lead to more purchases

  • Positive word of mouth endorsements

  • Higher level of channel power

  • The ability to attract quality employees

  • More favourable ratings by financial observers and analysts

Developing brand value
Developing Brand Value

From introduction to post-purchase behaviour

  • Five dimensions:

    • Brand awareness

    • Associations customers make with brands

    • Attitudes customers have about the brand performance

    • Brand attachment by the customer

    • Brand activity – how do customers use the brand?

Successful brand development
Successful Brand Development

  • Commitment to the brand

  • Market penetration

  • Research and understanding the brand’s target market

  • Building effective expansion programs and fending off competitors.

Video nike
Video – Nike

Questions for Discussion:

  • What do you think of Nike’s Brand Management?

  • What can other athletic apparel company’s learn from Nike?

What s happening
What’s Happening?



Discussion exercise
Discussion Exercise

  • List the names of five brands you have a negative impression of?

  • Why is the brand(s) conceived negatively?

Building brand equity
Building Brand Equity

Brand Equity – The value that stakeholders assign to a brand over and above the value of an equal but unbranded product

  • Research current brand image

  • Decide what makes the brand unique

  • Communicate brand’s uniqueness

  • Spend on advertising/communication

  • Deliver on uniqueness

Companies often

create product icons

to develop an identity for their products, and increase brand equity.

Why is the

Mr. Clean icon

an effective representative

for its product?

Benefits of brand equity
Benefits of Brand Equity

  • Higher prices

  • Higher gross margins

  • Reduces customer switching

  • Greater demand for the product

  • Prevents erosion of market share

Types of brands
Types of Brands

  • Family brands

    • Multiple products under one brand

    • Transfer associations

  • Brand extension

    • New good or service, usually related to the existing brand

  • Flanker brands

    • New brand within current category


  • Co-branding

  • Private Label Brands

Flanker Brands Sold by Procter & Gamble


Max Factor






Dish washing


Head & Shoulders

Herbal Essences

Infusion 23


Hair care

Forms of Co-Branding

Ingredient Branding

Co- Branding

Cooperative Branding

Complementary Branding

Changes in Private Brands

1. Quality improvement.

2. Lower prices.

3. Higher store loyalty.

4. Lower loyalty for manufacturer brands.

5. Increase in advertising of private brands.

6. Increase in quality of private brand in- store displays.

Strategies Used to Combat Private Labels (National Brands)

  • Focus on core brands

  • Increase advertising

  • Introduce new products

  • Focus on in-store selling, packaging

  • Use alternative methods of marketing

What s happening1
What’s Happening!

Successful brand extensions
Successful Brand Extensions

  • Lipton tea – Lipton soup mixes

  • Kodak film – Kodak cameras and batteries

  • Ivory soap – Ivory shampoo, dishwashing liquid

  • Barbie dolls – Barbie games, furniture, clothes

  • Honda bikes – Honda cars, lawnmowers, generators

Unsuccessful brand extensions
Unsuccessful Brand Extensions

  • Dunkin’ Donuts – Dunkin’ Donuts cereal

  • Harley Davidson Bikes – Harley Davidson cigarettes

  • Levis Jeans – Levis business wear

  • Mr. Coffee coffee makers – Mr. Coffee coffee

Factors in brand management
Factors in Brand Management

  • Maintaining a Brands Image

    • Consistency is key

  • Rejuvenating a Brand

    • May be necessary if firm has encountered negative publicity

  • Repositioning a Brand

    • May be necessary when a brands target market has shrunk or firm can no longer meet customer expectations


  • The process of creating a perception in the consumer’s mind regarding the nature of the company and its products relative to competitors

  • A product’s position is based on two elements:

    • The product’s standing relative to the competition

    • How the product is perceived by consumers

  • Positioning is an important criteria in brand development

Positioning strategies
Positioning Strategies

  • Attributes

  • Competitors

  • Use or application

  • Price-quality relationship

  • Product user

  • Product class